A reaction in which an aromatic compound can undergo alkylation or acylation

French, American

Physical constant equal to 5.67 x 10^{8} W m^{-2} K^{-4}

Austrian, Austrian

Inequality that states that the norm of the inner product of vectors x and y is less than or equal to the product of the norms of x and y

French, German

1958 experiment that demonstrated that DNA replication is semiconservative

American, American

Method for orthonormalizing a set of vectors in an inner product space

Danish, German

Algorithm for putting a matrix into reduced row echelon form

German, German

Relation that gives the slope of the coexistence curve between two phases of matter on a pressure-temperature diagram

German, French

Effect that gives rise to anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background due to inverse Compton scattering of CMB photons off high energy electrons

Russian, Russian

1922 experiment that demonstrated the quantization of angular momentum

German, German

Description

Concept

Nationalities

A differential equation whose solutions maximize or minimize a given functional; often used to find the equations of motion of a particle

Swiss, Italian

In magnetostatics, the law that describes a magnetic field generated by an electric current

French, French

Mechanism by which energy can be extracted from a rotating black hole due to a strong poloidal magnetic field

British, British

Biological principle that states that for a large population allele frequencies will remain constant from one generation to the next in the absence of perturbing effects

British, German

Equation relating the concentration of the substrate to the reaction rate in irreversible enzymatic reactions

German-born American, Canadian

Expression giving the entropy of a monatomic ideal gas

German, Dutch

Conjecture that every computable function can be computed with a Turing machine

American, British

Relation that states the intrinsic luminosity of an elliptical galaxy scales as a power of its velocity dispersion

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