Literature Quiz / Country by its first Nobel laureate in Literature

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Can you name the country by its first Nobel laureate in Literature? (see How To for instructions)

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LaureateCountryRationale for Award
Svetlana Alexievich (2015)'For her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time'
Orhan Pamuk (2006)'Who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures'
José Echegaray (1904)'In recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the DEMONYM drama'
Gabriel García Márquez (1982)'For his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts'
Naguib Mahfouz (1988)'Who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind'
Selma Lagerlöf (1909)'In appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings'
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson (1903)'As a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit'
Giorgos Seferis (1963)'For his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture'
José Saramago (1998)'Who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality'
Doris Lessing (2007)'That epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilization to scrutiny'
Patrick White (1973)'For an epic and psychological narrative art, which has introduced a new continent into literature'
Wole Soyinka (1986)'Who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence'
Henrik Pontoppidan and Karl Adolph Gjellerup (1917)'For his authentic descriptions of present-day life in COUNTRY' and ''For his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals'
Rabindranath Tagore (1913)'Because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West'
J. M. G. Le Clézio (2008)'Author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization'
Mario Vargas Llosa (2010)'For his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat'
Nadine Gordimer (1991)'Who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity'
Ivo Andrić (1961)'For the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country'
Heinrich Böll (1972)'For his writing, which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of DEMONYM literature'
Boris Pasternak (1958)'For his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition'
Sully Prudhomme (1901)'In special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect'
Octavio Paz (1970)'For impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity'
Frans Eemil Sillanpää (1939)'For his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with nature'
Gabriela Mistral (1945)'For her lyric poetry, which inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world'
William Butler Yeats (1923)'For his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation'
Imre Kertész (2002)'For writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history'
Shmuel Yosef Agnon (1966)'For his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people'
Carl Spitteler (1919)'In special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring'
Henryk Sienkiewicz (1905)'Because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer'
Gao Xingjian (2000)'For an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the DEMONYM novel and drama'
Miguel Ángel Asturias (1967)'For his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America'
Yasunari Kawabata (1968)'For his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the DEMONYM mind'
Sinclair Lewis (1930)'For his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters'
Alice Munro (2013)'Master of the contemporary short story'
Derek Walcott (1992)'For a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment'
Jaroslav Seifert (1984)'For his poetry, which endowed with freshness, and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man'
Rudyard Kipling (1907)'In consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration that characterize the creations of this world-famous author'
Halldór Laxness (1955)'For his vivid epic power, which has renewed the great narrative art of COUNTRY'
Giosuè Carducci (1906)'Not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces'
Theodor Mommsen (1902)'The greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work A History of Rome'
Maurice Maeterlinck (1911)'In appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations'
Elfriede Jelinek (2004)'For her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power'

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