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hint answer % Correct
A person who has mastered a specific subject, usually through long-term studyExpert
20%
Charts that represent information using a series of vertical or horizontal barsBar graphs
17%
The process of locating information about your topic that has been discovered by other peopleSecondary research
16%
A sentence that identifies the topic of your speech and the main ideas you will presentThesis statement
15%
A method of informing that explains something by showing how something is done, by displaying the stages of a process, or by depicting how something worksDemonstratin
15%
Support a claim with a single comparable example that is significantly similar to the subject of the claimArguing by analogy
15%
Specific instances that illustrate or explain a general factual statementExamples
14%
Brief, often amusing storiesAnecdotes
14%
Organizing the main points of the speech by categories or divisions of a subjectTopic order
14%
“we”, “us”, “our” pronouns that refer directly to members of the audiencePersonal pronoun
14%
A system of improving memory by using formulasMnemonics
14%
Knowing the basics about a topic but still not having an opinion about itImpartial
14%
Support a claim by citing events that have occurred to bring about the claim: “The dry weather hurt the local lake economy.”Arguing from causation
14%
A straight forward organization in which you present the best-supported reasons you can findStatement of reasons pattern
14%
The occasion and location for your speechSetting
13%
The intent of the speechGeneral speech goal
13%
Interpretations and judgments made by authorities in a particular subject areaExpert opinions
13%
Illuminate a point by showing similaritiesComparisons
13%
Questions phrased to stimulate a mental response rather than an actual spoken response on the part of the audienceRhetorical question
13%
Charts that indicate changes in one or more variables over timeLine graphs
13%
A speech that has a goal to explain or describe facts, truths, and principles in a way that increases understandingInformative speech
13%
Using information in a way that yields different or original ideas and insightsCreative
13%
A method of informing that explains something by focusing on how it is similar and different from other thingsComparison and contrast
13%
Forces acting on or within an organism to initiate and direct behaviorMotivation
13%
An organization that provides a framework for clarifying the nature of the problem and for illustrating why a given proposal is the best one.Problem solution pattern
13%
A single statement of the exact response the speaker wants from the audienceSpecific speech goal
12%
Magazines and journals that appear at fixed intervalsPeriodicals
12%
The process of selecting and arranging the main ideas and supporting material to be presented in the speech in a manner that makes it easy fort the audience to understandOrganizing
12%
Getting attention, stating the thesis, establishing your credibility, setting a tone, creating a bond of goodwillGoals of the introduction
12%
Summary of main ideas, leaving vivid impressions, appeal to actionPoints of a conclusion
12%
The process of customizing our speech material to your audienceAudience analysis
12%
hint answer % Correct
The background, knowledge, attitudes, experiences, and philosophies that are shared by audience members and the speakerCommon ground
12%
How well you convince your audience that your are qualified to speak on a topicKnowledge and expertise
12%
Use symbols and connecting lines to diagram the progressions through a complicated processFlow charts
12%
A chart that compares informationGraph
12%
Charts that help audiences visualize the relationships among parts of a single unitPie graphs
12%
A method of informing that explains something by identifying its meaningDefinition
12%
A word that is a direct oppositionAntonym
12%
An uncritical, non-evaluative process of generating associated ideasBrainstorming
11%
A questionnaire designed to gather information from peopleSurvey
11%
The process of conducting your own study to acquire information for your speechPrimary research
11%
Highlight differencesContrasts
11%
The unethical act of representing a published author’s work as your ownPlagiarism
11%
Describes the behavior you want your listeners to follow after they have heard your argumentsAppeal
11%
The level of trust that an audience has or will have in the speakerCredibility
11%
A form of speech development that allows the audience to see as well as to hear informationVisual aid
11%
Graphic representation that present information in easily interpreted formatsCharts
11%
A word that has the same or similar meaningSynonym
11%
A speech that ahs a goal to influence the beliefs or behaviors of audience membersPersuasive speech
11%
A fallacy that occurs when one attacks the person making the argument rather than the argument itselfAd hominem argument
11%
Showing care about the audience by acknowledging feedback from the audience, especially subtle negative cuesBeing responsive
11%
A reward promised if a particular action is taken or goal reachedIncentive
11%
An indirect organization that first seeks audience agreement on criteria that should be considered when they evaluate a particular proposition and then shows how the proposition saCriteria satisfaction pattern
11%
Having no opinion because one is uninterested to a topicApathetic
10%
Complete sentence representations of the main ideas used in your thesis statementMain points
9%
Organizing the main points by a chronological sequence, or by the steps in a processTime or sequential order
9%
Words, phrases, or sentences that show the relationship between or bridge ideasTransitions
9%
Showing how information is useful now or in the near futureTimely
9%
The extent to which you project an agreeable or pleasing personalityPersonableness
9%
A three-dimensional representation of an idea you are communicatingObject
9%
Thinking that occurs when we contemplate something from a variety of different perspectivesDivergent thinking
9%
An informative presentation that provides carefully researched, in-depth knowledge about a complex topicExpository speech
9%
hint answer % Correct
A declarative sentence that clearly indicates the speaker’s position on the topicProposition
9%
Not knowing enough about a topic to have formed an opinionUninformed
9%
Support a claim by providing one or more individual examplesArguing by example
9%
Support a claim by citing information that signals the claim: “longer lines at a soup kitchen are a sign that the economy is worsening.”Arguing by sign
9%
An organization that combines the problem solution pattern with explicit appeals designed to motivate the audience to act. The five steps of the motivated sequence are: attention, Motivate sequence pattern
9%
The active process of developing a strategy for tailoring your information to the specific speech audienceAudience adaptation
8%
Wording in more than one sentence that follows the same structural pattern, often using the same introductory wordsParallel
8%
Startling statement, rhetorical questions, personal reference, quotation, storiesMethods of gaining attention
8%
A relationship to personal spaceProximity
8%
Predispositions for or against a topic, usually expressed as an opinionInitial audience attitudes
8%
A large pad of paper mounted on an easel. It can be an effective method for presenting visual aidsFlip chart
8%
Information that is new to audience membersIntelectually stimulating
8%
The informative method used to create an accurate, vivid, verbal picture of an object, geographic feature, setting or imageDescription
8%
A method of informing that explains something by recounting eventsNarration
8%
A fallacy that presents a generalization that is either not supported with evidence or is supported with only weak evidenceHasty generalization
8%
An organization that allows you to place all the emphasis on the superiority f the proposed course of actionComparative advantages pattern
8%
A broad area of knowledgeSubject
7%
The study of the intended audience for your speechAudience analysis
7%
Accounts, personal experiences, tales, or lengthier storiesNarratives
7%
A sentence representation of the hierarchical and sequential relationships between the ideas presented in a speechSpeech outline
7%
Both character and apparent motives for speakingTrustworthiness
7%
Words formed from the first letter of a series of wordsAcronyms
7%
The audience perception that the speaker understands empathizes with and is responsive to themGoodwill
7%
Emphasizes when the main points provide proof supporting the thesis statementLogical reasons order
6%
Adapting the information in the speech so that audience members view it as importantRelevance
6%
Used to preview, review, or highlight important ideas covered in a speechWord charts
6%
Main point statements that summarize several related pieces of evidence and show why you should believe or do somethingReasons
6%
A fallacy that occurs when the alleged cause fails to be related to, or to produce the effect: “The black cat crossing the street brought me bad luck, so I had an accident.”False cause
6%
The process of proving conclusions you have drawn form reasons and evidenceArgument
5%
Presenting information in a frame of reference that is familiar to the audiencePersonalize
4%
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