discovered/invented | Scientist |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Exclusion Principle | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

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