discovered/invented | Scientist |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

Matter waves | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Invented the microscope | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Evolution by natural selection | |

Best known as the father of fractal geometry | |

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