discovered/invented | Scientist |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

Matter waves | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Creation of a theory of radioactivity | |

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