discovered/invented | Scientist |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Exclusion Principle | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Invented the microscope | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Originated the concept of a programmable computer | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

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