discovered/invented | Scientist |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Relativity | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Model of the atom | |

Creation of a theory of radioactivity | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

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