discovered/invented | Scientist |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Invented the microscope | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

Relativity | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

Cat thought experiment | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Double slit experiment | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

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