discovered/invented | Scientist |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Discovered oxygen | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Creation of a theory of radioactivity | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Originated the concept of a programmable computer | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

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