discovered/invented | Scientist |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Evolution by natural selection | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Double slit experiment | |

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