discovered/invented | Scientist |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Exclusion Principle | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Relativity | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Matter waves | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

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