History Quiz / Ruch Final Semester 1

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A Spanish conquistador who led his small army to victory against the Incas
One revolution around the sun
Imaginary lines that measure how far East/West of the Prime Meridian
Political philosophy that states, man should be governed by strict laws and harsh punishment
Indian polytheistic religion that believes in a caste system and reincarnation
Multiple spouses
Dynastic Accomplishments: Terra Cotta Warriors and the “Great Wall”
Chinese Emperor that was the only reigning emperor during the Qin Dynasty
The belief that everything in the world is endowed with its own spirit
Gentlemen that were hired for government positions because of their intellect
Indian religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama that believes in the Four Noble Truths
A time period associated with the later Stone Age and the use of polished stone implements and weapons
Obedience to Father
To turn someone Chinese culturally
Mongolian Ruler that conquered China as well as most of Europe
A group of people governed and ruled over by a sovereign
Cultivators farm land for a few seasons, then move on (Slash & Burn)
The religious leader who created the first monotheism that worked (Judaism)
Spiritual Enlightenment
A government system that has a chain of command by cabinets
Mountain range bordering modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan
No harm or violence to all living things
An era associated with the early Stone Age and the use of simple stone implements and weapons
Self-Denial to achieve spiritual fulfillment
Revolution around the Earth/rotation of the moon on its axis
What are the seven continents?
A philosophy that states natural harmony is best (small governments)
Egyptian writing system; pictographs; religion
Abstinence from sex for a time (or until marriage)
FIRST people who used bronze for weapons
Phoenician writing system; letters that made sounds, that formed words; business
Dynastic Accomplishments: Creates a 1.25 million man army and tries to appease enemies rather than attack, gun powder, navy is developed, compasses, paddleboats, and paper money
River that is in NorthWest India
What is the largest state island?
Desert in NorthWest India
What does the EightFold Path consist of?
Dynastic Accomplishments:Bronze Age, Writing, and Oracle Bones
What are the five oceans?
The belief that there is only one god
FIRST to use cruelty to govern
A flat grassland dotted with trees
A sexual lover that you don’t marry or go into a relationship other than sex
Seasonal winds
Only one partner/spouse
Buddhists who reached nirvana and stay to help others
When a test used to determine government positions
A philosophy created by Confucius that points out basic relationships in the Chinese society
FIRST hanging gardens
Chinese Emperor that tried to reestablish his own dynasty called the Xin
Denial of worldly pleasures for spiritual fulfillment
The belief that there is a place saved by faith in the Amida Buddha
The raising of grazing animals such as sheep & cattle
An Indian king who is responsible for spreading Buddhism outside of India
A form of Buddhism that seeks sudden Enlightenment through techniques and rituals intended to quiet the mind; known as Zen in Japan
Universal Soul in a human
Chinese Emperor that was the first to reign in the Han Dynasty
When a group answers their instincts
Plateau in the middle area of India
Invaders of India who created the caste system
A system of marriage that allows a man to have multiple wives
Dynastic Accomplishments: The Mandate of Heaven
An Indian kshatriya who founded Jainism
The right to collect tribute granted to nobility and clergy by a king
Chinese Philosopher that followed the path of Daoism and was adamantly apolitical
To please your peers with knowledge, weapons, other pleasures
Lesser Vehicle of Buddhism
The Egyptian pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt
FIRST coins
The Babylonian king who wrote the first code of laws
What are the Five Vows of Jainism?
River north of Yangtze River and flows West to East
Dynastic Accomplishments: Developed the Silk Road, National University, and has a monopoly on Salt and Iron
The Akkadian ruler who started the first empire
A Sapa-Inca (main Incan ruler) who made the fatal mistake of ordering his army to meet the Spanish unarmed
A large body of salt water
Dynastic Accomplishments: Makes a Grand Canal between the Yellow and Yangzi River
A payment that a groom and his family make to the bride for marriage
Mountain range in NorthEast India
Tang concubine that rose to power during the Tang Dynasty and ruled for 20 years
FIRST alphabet
The founder of the Mauryan Empire (the first Indian Empire)
The Egyptian pharaoh who developed the first monotheism
The religious and political leader of the Islamic nation
The duties in Hinduism including rituals (based on caste)
Sumerian writing system; wedge-shaped symbols on blocks; business
FIRST writing system
Marrying into the next clan over
FIRST monotheistic religion that stuck
River that is in NorthEast India
The Egyptian pharaoh who created Egypt's largest empire
Sudden change
FIRST code of written laws (Historical Firsts)
A cosmic sense of justice
Son of Genghis Khan and reigned during the Yuan Dynasty in its prime power
The continuous cycle of reincarnation
The ending of the cycle of rebirth where you rejoin the universal soul
What are some Indian firsts?
A perfect society
Caused by winds (monsoons), and heat and cooling of temperature of ocean
Dynastic Accomplishments: Establishes a Shadow Government until taken over
River south of Yellow River and flows West to East
Body of salt water (128 of them)
Family of rulers
Castrated men used to guard the emperors wives and concubines because they posed no sexual threat
One rotation of the Earth on it's axis
Sun and moon's gravitational pull
A government in which local military rulers exert power
An Indian kshatriya who created Buddhism and later became known as the Buddha
Proper Conduct
A nation that leads in technology, has no rivals, and accepts foreign ideas
Chinese philosopher who gives the idea of the mandate of heaven its philosophical basis and creates the well field system
Religious practices
Abstinence from sex for life
What are the Four Noble Truths?
Chinese Rebellion leader against the Tang Dynasty that lasted for 8 years
Characteristics needed for a culture to exist?
1st Born inherits all the wealth
A theology school, usually for Sunni Muslims
The belief that there are multiple gods or goddesses
Imaginary lines that measure how far North/South from the Equator
Slow gradual change
The idea that there are conflictions of complementary ideas
Chinese philosopher who created Confucianism which was the basis of Chinese society
Metaphysical form of Confucianism developed by the Cheng brothers and Zhu Xi; later become the dominant form of Confucianism throughout East Asia
What is the largest island?
FIRST international language for trade
Greater Vehicle of Buddhism
Chinese philosopher who develops Legalism
The location in which the battle of the Incas against the Spaniards took place
Chinese Emperor that gave power to his concubine Yang Luifei
The doctrine that said 'Christ has one nature, and His human and divine natures are inseparable'
Bones that were used to predict the future
Chinese statesman that reformed the examination system
A device that explains dynastic change
Chinese Concubine that rose to Emperor during the Tang Dynasty
Dynastic Accomplishments: Examination System, Block Printing, Paper, Rear Post Rudder, Porcelain, Tea, and increase of Rice crops
What are the 'Colored Seas'?
Tilting of the Earth
Great King
The founder of the Gupta Empire
The belief that your culture is the best
Chinese Han Emperor that raises taxes in order to protect China
Indian religion founded by Mahavira stressing extreme asceticism

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