Sports Quiz / Nervous System

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Can you name the parts of the nervous system?

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HintAnswer
Visceral motor neurons are part of the
4 Types of Glial cells of the CNS
Layers of spinal meninges and spaces between them
Damage to this nerve results in pelvic drop on side of elevated leg
Motor portion innervates pharyngeal muscle used in swallowing and parotid glands
Division that restores body to resting condition
Motor portion innervates skeletal miscles of larynx, phaynx, soft palate, upper 2/3 of esophagus
Injury to part of this nerve causes paralysis of the diaphragm
Nerve arising from anterior rami of S2-S4:
Cutaneous branches of femoral nerve supplies:
3 portions of trigeminal nerve
Osteoarthritis could damage what nerve?
Innervates smooth muscles of iris that constrict pupil and ciliary muscles that focus lens for near and far vision
Sympathetic postsynaptic cell bodies are found in 2 places
Nerve arising from medial cord, C8-T1, and lateral cord, C6-C7
Damage to this nerve results in weak flexion of the thigh, weak extenision of knee, hard to climb stairs
Nerve arising from lateral cord, C5-C7
Does superior gluteal nerve innervate gluteus maximus?
Injury to this nerve results in weak flexion at glenohumeral joint but flexion still possible by brachioradialis
2 symptoms of injury to axillary nerve:
Sensory portion does general sensation from pharynx, soft palate, posterior 1/3 of tounge and taste from posterior 1/3 of tounge
Number of pairs of lumbar nerves?
Transmit sensations of touch, pain, temperature, and position from sensory receptors
Craniosacral division
Located in plexuses that surround the abdominal aorta
Cervical plexis comes from anterior rami of:
These cells are very invasive and a common source of tumors (gliomas) of the nervous system.
Injuy to suprascapular nerve results in injury to 2 muscles:
Cells that transmit and process nerve impulses
Damage to this nerve results in 'winged scapula'
Ulnar nerve is commonly injured in two sites:
Line ventricles of the brain
ANS efferent fibers are accompanied by
Lipofuscin is
Sciatic nerve is composed of two nerves:
Number of pairs of coccygeal nerves?
If part of diaphragm is paralyzed, instead of descending as normal during inspiration the paralyzed dome will
Largest branch of lumbar plexus
Sacral triangle
Support neurons in PNS ganglia
Provide stuctural and functional support for the nervous system
Number of pairs of cervical spinal nerves?
Injury to this nerve is uncommon because it is well-protected
nerve running through scapular notch
Receptive portion of the neuron that carries the signal towards the cell body
Damage to this nerve results in deafness and loss of equilibrium
No branches in axilla or arm
Cauda equina are the spindal nerve roots arising from the
Damage to this nerve results in 'claw hand'
Motor portion stimulates peristaltic contractions of esophagus, stomach and intestines; decreases heart rate; dilates bromchial tree
Nerves that innervate the diaphragm
Forms mylein sheath in the PNS
ANS efferent fibers are divided into:
Nerve that innervates deltoid muscle and teres minor
Type of neuron found in olfactory epithelium and retina
Anterior rami of cervical enlargement makes up
Nerve arising from anterior rami of L2-L4
What protects the spinal cord?
Nerve with a primary function of smelling
Spindal cord ends at level of
Sacral plexus arises from anterior rami of
Supracristal plane
Nerve commonly compressed in the carpal tunnel
Help maintain chemical environment for nerve impulses
Damage to this nerve results in loss of taste to anterior 2/3 of tounge
Originates chiefly from C4 but also has contributions from C3 and C5
Usually many of this kind of cytoplasmic process per cell
Transmit and process nerve impulses
Damage to this nerve results in Anosmia (loss of smell)
HintAnswer
Cell body is usually found in spinal ganglion (PNS)
Ulnar nerve runs through wrist between the hook of the hook of the hamate and flexor tendons in this canal:
Type of neuron that has cell body in the CNS
 
Nerve damaged by suicide attempts by slashing the wrist or putting hand through a window
Originates from the axon hillock
Catabolic
Help form blood-brain barrier
Nerver arising from anterior rami of L4-L5 and S1
Cauda equinacourse down through the
Innervates gluteus medius, minimus, tensor fascia latae
Damage to this nerve results in loss of focusing, dilated pupil, ptosis, eye turned outward
Usually one of these per neuron
Neurons contain which organelles
Provides nutrients to neurons
Conductive process of the neuron
Innervates only skeletal muscle
Nerve innervates darsal nerve of penis, skin and glans of penis in males:
Damage to this nerve results in internal strabismus (eye turns inward)
Thoracolumbar division
Damage to this nerve results in Bell's Palsy and impaired secretory activity
Flight or fight response
PNS is composed of
Nerve damaged by injury to surgical neck of humerus, dislocation of the shoulder:
Sympathetic presynaptic neurons found in
Damage to this nerve results in difficulties speaking, chewing, swallowing
Injury to this nerve results in 'hand of benediction' when making a fist
Innervates muscles of facial expression, controls secretions from lacrimal gland and salivary glands
Filum terminale is a fine filament of
2 types of Glial cells of the PNS
How many pairs of spinal nerves?
Outnumber neurons 5 to 50 times
Innervates levator palpebrae superioris
Anterior rami of T1-T12 are called:
Surgical incision of the perineum and inferoposterior vaginal wall:
Autonomic nervous system divided into:
Anabolic
Parasympathetic presynaptic cell bodies found in
Sensory portion receives visceral sensations from larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, heat, esophagus, stomach and intenstines
Innervates trapezius and sternocleidomastoid
Epidural anesthesia is injected into
3 common types of neurons
CNS is composed of
Injury to this nerve resilts in loss of flexion of proximal phalanges 1-3 and weakened flexion of 4 and 5
Epidural can also be injected into
Waiter's tip - Loss of lateral rotation of humerus results from injury to
Division of ANS with short prevertebral neurons
Nerve arising from superior trunk of brachial plexus
Cluster of neuron processes found outside CNS
Star shaped glial cells
Highly branched to increase the surface area for reception of signals
Damage to this nerve results in difficulty in swallowing, decreased salivation
Innervates posterior compartment muscles of arm, forearm
Vertebral column is longer than spinal cord because
Spinal anesthesia injected into
Number of pairs of sacral nerves?
Damage to this nerve results in tic douloureux
Innervates lateral rectus
Division with long presynaptic neurons
Two enlargements of spinal cord and levels:
Structural and functional unit of the nervous system
Autonomic nervous system involves 2 neurons
Nerve innervates clitoris, labia major, labia minora, lower vagina in females:
Type of neuron that is usually sensory
A signle cell
Loss of ability to initiate abduction of arm results from injury to:
Nerve arising from medial cord, C8 T1 and often C7
Damage to this nerve results in thumb not being able to oppose and atrophy of thenar eminence, limiting thumb to flexion, extension
Nerve that innervates anterior compartment muscles of arm, forearm:
HintAnswer
Cluster of neuron cell bodies found inside CNS
The neuron cell body is also called
Damage to this nerve results in blindness
Herpes Zoster (shingles) virus resides in
Cluster of neuron processes found inside the CNS
Sympathetic division's primary response?
Innercates serratus anterior muscle
Parasympathetic postsynaptic cell bodies
Damage to this nerve results in loss of general sensations and loss of gag reflex
Number of pairs of thoracic nerves?
Nerve arising from posterior cord of brachial plexus, C5-T1
General sensation from skin of scalp, forehead, upper eyelid, nose, conjunctiva and cornea of eye
Nerve with primary function of hearing and equilibrium
Sciatic nerve is halway between:
Type of neuron that usually make up motor neurons
Injury in this nerve results in 'wrist drop'
IMLs are found in
Slipped disc dislocated hip could damage what nerve?
Damage to this nerve results in difficulties in turning head to the side and in raising shoulders
Phagocytic glial cells of CNS
Produce mylein sheath in CNS
Lumborsacral plexus really two seperate plexuses:
Damage tosuperior gluteal nerve gives this 'sign'
Produces CSF
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome:
Cluster of neuron cell bodies found outside CNS
Ends in synaptic end-bulbs
Nerve with primary funcion of vision
Marks inferior extent of subarachnoid space
CN innervating superior oblique
A safe gluteal intramuscular injection can also be administered into the anterolateral portion as it extends from _____ and _____
The nervous system is composed of these two cell types
Innervates flexor carpi ulnaris and ulnar half of flexor digitorum profundus
Do somatic efferent neurons have postsynaptic neurons?
Tapered ending of spinal cord is called
Muscular branches of femoral nerve innervates 4 muscles:
Nerve innervating extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tounge
Visceral motor neurons innervate
Innervates anterior compatment of forearm
Linked to form right and left sympathetic trunks on each side of vertebral column
Found around cell bodies of neurons in ganglia
Largest nerve in the body
Pressure from uterus during pregnancy could damage what nerve?
Lumbar plexus arises from anterior rami of
Flium terminale runs from the
Pudenal nerve block provides anesthesia over which dermatomes?
Steps to perform lumbar puncture
Sensory portion receives taste sensation from anterior 2/3 of tounge
How many pairs of cranial nerves?
Spinal cord is a cylinder, slightly flattened...
Take up excess neurotransmitters
Damage to this nerve results in difficulty looking downward and outward
General sensation from skin of the side of the head, cheek, anterior 2/3 of tounge, lower teeth and gums, lower lip and chin
Nerve arising from C5 C6 and C7
A safe gluteal intramuscular injection can be administered superior to a line extending from the:
Innervates 4 of the 6 extrinsic eye muscles
Improperly administered gluteal intramuscular injection could damage what nerve?
Damage to this nerve results in loss of taste from posterior 1/3 of tounge
Damage to this nerve results in loss of visceral sensation and difficulty in swallowing and speaking
Injury to suprascapular nerve often results from fractures to:
PNS is divided into two systems:
Nerve damaged by using crutches incorrectly
Nerve arising from posterior cord of brachial plexus, C5-C6
General sensation from skin of lower eyelid, cheek, sides of nose, nasal mucosa, upper lip, upper teeth, upper gums, hard palate
Anterior rami of lumbosacral enlargement makes up
Cytoplasmic process that may have collaterals
Cells of nervous system not involved in generating nerve impulses

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Created Nov 6, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:nervous, system

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