Sports Quiz / Nervous System

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Can you name the parts of the nervous system?

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Help maintain chemical environment for nerve impulses
Nerve innervates darsal nerve of penis, skin and glans of penis in males:
Nerve commonly compressed in the carpal tunnel
Cells that transmit and process nerve impulses
Does superior gluteal nerve innervate gluteus maximus?
CN innervating superior oblique
PNS is divided into two systems:
Largest nerve in the body
Transmit sensations of touch, pain, temperature, and position from sensory receptors
A signle cell
Type of neuron found in olfactory epithelium and retina
Sensory portion receives taste sensation from anterior 2/3 of tounge
Nerve arising from superior trunk of brachial plexus
4 Types of Glial cells of the CNS
Damage to this nerve results in loss of focusing, dilated pupil, ptosis, eye turned outward
nerve running through scapular notch
Thoracolumbar division
Produces CSF
Support neurons in PNS ganglia
Innervates levator palpebrae superioris
Damage to this nerve results in 'winged scapula'
Nerve damaged by using crutches incorrectly
Autonomic nervous system divided into:
Tapered ending of spinal cord is called
Number of pairs of coccygeal nerves?
Provide stuctural and functional support for the nervous system
Nerve with primary funcion of vision
Nerve innervating extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tounge
Ends in synaptic end-bulbs
Damage to this nerve results in loss of general sensations and loss of gag reflex
Produce mylein sheath in CNS
Osteoarthritis could damage what nerve?
Innervates only skeletal muscle
Located in plexuses that surround the abdominal aorta
Loss of ability to initiate abduction of arm results from injury to:
Neurons contain which organelles
Sensory portion does general sensation from pharynx, soft palate, posterior 1/3 of tounge and taste from posterior 1/3 of tounge
Nerve arising from anterior rami of L2-L4
Division that restores body to resting condition
Damage to this nerve results in Anosmia (loss of smell)
These cells are very invasive and a common source of tumors (gliomas) of the nervous system.
Pudenal nerve block provides anesthesia over which dermatomes?
General sensation from skin of lower eyelid, cheek, sides of nose, nasal mucosa, upper lip, upper teeth, upper gums, hard palate
Vertebral column is longer than spinal cord because
Spinal cord is a cylinder, slightly flattened...
Damage to this nerve results in Bell's Palsy and impaired secretory activity
Cauda equina are the spindal nerve roots arising from the
Autonomic nervous system involves 2 neurons
Parasympathetic postsynaptic cell bodies
Anterior rami of lumbosacral enlargement makes up
Nerve arising from lateral cord, C5-C7
Nerve arising from anterior rami of S2-S4:
Motor portion innervates pharyngeal muscle used in swallowing and parotid glands
Innervates gluteus medius, minimus, tensor fascia latae
Injury to suprascapular nerve often results from fractures to:
Damage to this nerve results in difficulty in swallowing, decreased salivation
Star shaped glial cells
Originates from the axon hillock
Nerve that innervates anterior compartment muscles of arm, forearm:
Marks inferior extent of subarachnoid space
Line ventricles of the brain
Pressure from uterus during pregnancy could damage what nerve?
Craniosacral division
Do somatic efferent neurons have postsynaptic neurons?
Damage to this nerve results in pelvic drop on side of elevated leg
Ulnar nerve is commonly injured in two sites:
Innervates muscles of facial expression, controls secretions from lacrimal gland and salivary glands
Highly branched to increase the surface area for reception of signals
Damage to this nerve results in 'claw hand'
Nerve arising from medial cord, C8-T1, and lateral cord, C6-C7
Innervates lateral rectus
Cluster of neuron cell bodies found inside CNS
Supracristal plane
Lumbar plexus arises from anterior rami of
Number of pairs of thoracic nerves?
Damage tosuperior gluteal nerve gives this 'sign'
Cluster of neuron processes found outside CNS
If part of diaphragm is paralyzed, instead of descending as normal during inspiration the paralyzed dome will
IMLs are found in
Nerve damaged by suicide attempts by slashing the wrist or putting hand through a window
Originates chiefly from C4 but also has contributions from C3 and C5
Type of neuron that has cell body in the CNS
Type of neuron that is usually sensory
Innervates posterior compartment muscles of arm, forearm
Injury to this nerve results in 'hand of benediction' when making a fist
Number of pairs of lumbar nerves?
What protects the spinal cord?
Damage to this nerve results in difficulties in turning head to the side and in raising shoulders
Nerve innervates clitoris, labia major, labia minora, lower vagina in females:
Receptive portion of the neuron that carries the signal towards the cell body
CNS is composed of
Forms mylein sheath in the PNS
PNS is composed of
A safe gluteal intramuscular injection can also be administered into the anterolateral portion as it extends from _____ and _____
Damage to this nerve results in loss of taste from posterior 1/3 of tounge
Sensory portion receives visceral sensations from larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, heat, esophagus, stomach and intenstines
Filum terminale is a fine filament of
Motor portion innervates skeletal miscles of larynx, phaynx, soft palate, upper 2/3 of esophagus
Cervical plexis comes from anterior rami of:
Visceral motor neurons are part of the
Cauda equinacourse down through the
Nerve with a primary function of smelling
Two enlargements of spinal cord and levels:
Muscular branches of femoral nerve innervates 4 muscles:
Lumborsacral plexus really two seperate plexuses:
Injury to this nerve is uncommon because it is well-protected
Linked to form right and left sympathetic trunks on each side of vertebral column
How many pairs of cranial nerves?
Nerve arising from C5 C6 and C7
Herpes Zoster (shingles) virus resides in
Improperly administered gluteal intramuscular injection could damage what nerve?
Injuy to suprascapular nerve results in injury to 2 muscles:
Injury to this nerve results in weak flexion at glenohumeral joint but flexion still possible by brachioradialis
Anterior rami of cervical enlargement makes up
2 symptoms of injury to axillary nerve:
Outnumber neurons 5 to 50 times
Cytoplasmic process that may have collaterals
Innervates trapezius and sternocleidomastoid
ANS efferent fibers are divided into:
How many pairs of spinal nerves?
Number of pairs of cervical spinal nerves?
Damage to this nerve results in deafness and loss of equilibrium
General sensation from skin of the side of the head, cheek, anterior 2/3 of tounge, lower teeth and gums, lower lip and chin
Ulnar nerve runs through wrist between the hook of the hook of the hamate and flexor tendons in this canal:
Damage to this nerve results in internal strabismus (eye turns inward)
General sensation from skin of scalp, forehead, upper eyelid, nose, conjunctiva and cornea of eye
Structural and functional unit of the nervous system
Surgical incision of the perineum and inferoposterior vaginal wall:
Anterior rami of T1-T12 are called:
Innervates smooth muscles of iris that constrict pupil and ciliary muscles that focus lens for near and far vision
Steps to perform lumbar puncture
Nerve arising from posterior cord of brachial plexus, C5-T1
Innervates flexor carpi ulnaris and ulnar half of flexor digitorum profundus
Damage to this nerve results in loss of visceral sensation and difficulty in swallowing and speaking
Cell body is usually found in spinal ganglion (PNS)
Waiter's tip - Loss of lateral rotation of humerus results from injury to
Usually one of these per neuron
Cells of nervous system not involved in generating nerve impulses
Sympathetic presynaptic neurons found in
Spindal cord ends at level of
Lipofuscin is
Type of neuron that usually make up motor neurons
Damage to this nerve results in weak flexion of the thigh, weak extenision of knee, hard to climb stairs
Sacral plexus arises from anterior rami of
Division of ANS with short prevertebral neurons
Conductive process of the neuron
Nerve damaged by injury to surgical neck of humerus, dislocation of the shoulder:
Innercates serratus anterior muscle
Cutaneous branches of femoral nerve supplies:
No branches in axilla or arm
Flight or fight response
Motor portion stimulates peristaltic contractions of esophagus, stomach and intestines; decreases heart rate; dilates bromchial tree
Number of pairs of sacral nerves?
Damage to this nerve results in difficulties speaking, chewing, swallowing
Nerve that innervates deltoid muscle and teres minor
Transmit and process nerve impulses
Nerve arising from posterior cord of brachial plexus, C5-C6
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome:
Damage to this nerve results in difficulty looking downward and outward
Epidural can also be injected into
Spinal anesthesia injected into
Cluster of neuron processes found inside the CNS
Sciatic nerve is halway between:
The neuron cell body is also called
Innervates 4 of the 6 extrinsic eye muscles
Nerves that innervate the diaphragm
Phagocytic glial cells of CNS
Nerve with primary function of hearing and equilibrium
Epidural anesthesia is injected into
A safe gluteal intramuscular injection can be administered superior to a line extending from the:
Innervates anterior compatment of forearm
Largest branch of lumbar plexus
Layers of spinal meninges and spaces between them
Usually many of this kind of cytoplasmic process per cell
3 portions of trigeminal nerve
Sacral triangle
Damage to this nerve results in blindness
ANS efferent fibers are accompanied by
Damage to this nerve results in loss of taste to anterior 2/3 of tounge
Visceral motor neurons innervate
Provides nutrients to neurons
Injury to this nerve resilts in loss of flexion of proximal phalanges 1-3 and weakened flexion of 4 and 5
Parasympathetic presynaptic cell bodies found in
Slipped disc dislocated hip could damage what nerve?
Sciatic nerve is composed of two nerves:
Division with long presynaptic neurons
3 common types of neurons
Sympathetic division's primary response?
Damage to this nerve results in tic douloureux
Injury in this nerve results in 'wrist drop'
Flium terminale runs from the
2 types of Glial cells of the PNS
Sympathetic postsynaptic cell bodies are found in 2 places
Found around cell bodies of neurons in ganglia
The nervous system is composed of these two cell types
Take up excess neurotransmitters
Help form blood-brain barrier
Injury to part of this nerve causes paralysis of the diaphragm
Nerver arising from anterior rami of L4-L5 and S1
Nerve arising from medial cord, C8 T1 and often C7
Cluster of neuron cell bodies found outside CNS
Damage to this nerve results in thumb not being able to oppose and atrophy of thenar eminence, limiting thumb to flexion, extension

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