Sports Quiz / Nervous System

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Can you name the parts of the nervous system?

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Loss of ability to initiate abduction of arm results from injury to:
Originates chiefly from C4 but also has contributions from C3 and C5
Sympathetic postsynaptic cell bodies are found in 2 places
Damage to this nerve results in blindness
Injuy to suprascapular nerve results in injury to 2 muscles:
2 symptoms of injury to axillary nerve:
Innervates anterior compatment of forearm
Located in plexuses that surround the abdominal aorta
Type of neuron that usually make up motor neurons
Innervates 4 of the 6 extrinsic eye muscles
Innervates gluteus medius, minimus, tensor fascia latae
Line ventricles of the brain
Damage to this nerve results in Anosmia (loss of smell)
Anterior rami of cervical enlargement makes up
Epidural anesthesia is injected into
Surgical incision of the perineum and inferoposterior vaginal wall:
Division with long presynaptic neurons
Ends in synaptic end-bulbs
Cell body is usually found in spinal ganglion (PNS)
Innervates only skeletal muscle
Nerve arising from anterior rami of L2-L4
Damage to this nerve results in loss of taste from posterior 1/3 of tounge
Provides nutrients to neurons
Parasympathetic presynaptic cell bodies found in
Type of neuron that has cell body in the CNS
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome:
Nerve with primary funcion of vision
Usually many of this kind of cytoplasmic process per cell
Star shaped glial cells
Number of pairs of sacral nerves?
Damage to this nerve results in 'claw hand'
Sciatic nerve is composed of two nerves:
Damage to this nerve results in loss of focusing, dilated pupil, ptosis, eye turned outward
Supracristal plane
Parasympathetic postsynaptic cell bodies
Division of ANS with short prevertebral neurons
Structural and functional unit of the nervous system
Motor portion stimulates peristaltic contractions of esophagus, stomach and intestines; decreases heart rate; dilates bromchial tree
Cauda equina are the spindal nerve roots arising from the
Injury to suprascapular nerve often results from fractures to:
Nerve arising from C5 C6 and C7
General sensation from skin of lower eyelid, cheek, sides of nose, nasal mucosa, upper lip, upper teeth, upper gums, hard palate
Craniosacral division
Number of pairs of lumbar nerves?
3 common types of neurons
CNS is composed of
Take up excess neurotransmitters
Division that restores body to resting condition
Pressure from uterus during pregnancy could damage what nerve?
Highly branched to increase the surface area for reception of signals
Largest nerve in the body
Nerve innervating extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tounge
How many pairs of cranial nerves?
Damage to this nerve results in Bell's Palsy and impaired secretory activity
Nerve damaged by injury to surgical neck of humerus, dislocation of the shoulder:
Damage to this nerve results in deafness and loss of equilibrium
Vertebral column is longer than spinal cord because
3 portions of trigeminal nerve
Damage to this nerve results in loss of taste to anterior 2/3 of tounge
Transmit sensations of touch, pain, temperature, and position from sensory receptors
Sensory portion receives visceral sensations from larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, heat, esophagus, stomach and intenstines
Nerve arising from anterior rami of S2-S4:
Thoracolumbar division
Spindal cord ends at level of
Cauda equinacourse down through the
Cells of nervous system not involved in generating nerve impulses
Nerve arising from posterior cord of brachial plexus, C5-T1
Anterior rami of lumbosacral enlargement makes up
Marks inferior extent of subarachnoid space
Innervates flexor carpi ulnaris and ulnar half of flexor digitorum profundus
General sensation from skin of the side of the head, cheek, anterior 2/3 of tounge, lower teeth and gums, lower lip and chin
Filum terminale is a fine filament of
Largest branch of lumbar plexus
What protects the spinal cord?
Support neurons in PNS ganglia
Cervical plexis comes from anterior rami of:
Herpes Zoster (shingles) virus resides in
Autonomic nervous system divided into:
Type of neuron that is usually sensory
Damage to this nerve results in difficulty looking downward and outward
Flight or fight response
Damage tosuperior gluteal nerve gives this 'sign'
Steps to perform lumbar puncture
Injury in this nerve results in 'wrist drop'
Spinal anesthesia injected into
Injury to this nerve results in weak flexion at glenohumeral joint but flexion still possible by brachioradialis
Help maintain chemical environment for nerve impulses
Sacral plexus arises from anterior rami of
Flium terminale runs from the
A safe gluteal intramuscular injection can also be administered into the anterolateral portion as it extends from _____ and _____
No branches in axilla or arm
Found around cell bodies of neurons in ganglia
PNS is divided into two systems:
Number of pairs of thoracic nerves?
Innervates muscles of facial expression, controls secretions from lacrimal gland and salivary glands
Nerve that innervates deltoid muscle and teres minor
Produces CSF
Provide stuctural and functional support for the nervous system
The neuron cell body is also called
Nerve damaged by suicide attempts by slashing the wrist or putting hand through a window
Layers of spinal meninges and spaces between them
Damage to this nerve results in loss of visceral sensation and difficulty in swallowing and speaking
Ulnar nerve is commonly injured in two sites:
Lumbar plexus arises from anterior rami of
Sensory portion does general sensation from pharynx, soft palate, posterior 1/3 of tounge and taste from posterior 1/3 of tounge
Two enlargements of spinal cord and levels:
Lumborsacral plexus really two seperate plexuses:
General sensation from skin of scalp, forehead, upper eyelid, nose, conjunctiva and cornea of eye
Innervates lateral rectus
Injury to this nerve results in 'hand of benediction' when making a fist
Innervates posterior compartment muscles of arm, forearm
How many pairs of spinal nerves?
Does superior gluteal nerve innervate gluteus maximus?
Waiter's tip - Loss of lateral rotation of humerus results from injury to
IMLs are found in
Damage to this nerve results in internal strabismus (eye turns inward)
A signle cell
Number of pairs of cervical spinal nerves?
Motor portion innervates pharyngeal muscle used in swallowing and parotid glands
Transmit and process nerve impulses
Pudenal nerve block provides anesthesia over which dermatomes?
Nerve that innervates anterior compartment muscles of arm, forearm:
Cluster of neuron processes found outside CNS
Muscular branches of femoral nerve innervates 4 muscles:
Osteoarthritis could damage what nerve?
Tapered ending of spinal cord is called
Innervates levator palpebrae superioris
Number of pairs of coccygeal nerves?
Injury to this nerve is uncommon because it is well-protected
Nerve arising from medial cord, C8-T1, and lateral cord, C6-C7
Sympathetic division's primary response?
Innervates smooth muscles of iris that constrict pupil and ciliary muscles that focus lens for near and far vision
Neurons contain which organelles
Sympathetic presynaptic neurons found in
Cluster of neuron cell bodies found inside CNS
Damage to this nerve results in weak flexion of the thigh, weak extenision of knee, hard to climb stairs
Help form blood-brain barrier
Nerve arising from superior trunk of brachial plexus
The nervous system is composed of these two cell types
Damage to this nerve results in thumb not being able to oppose and atrophy of thenar eminence, limiting thumb to flexion, extension
Damage to this nerve results in tic douloureux
Anterior rami of T1-T12 are called:
Nerve arising from posterior cord of brachial plexus, C5-C6
Forms mylein sheath in the PNS
Spinal cord is a cylinder, slightly flattened...
Damage to this nerve results in difficulties in turning head to the side and in raising shoulders
A safe gluteal intramuscular injection can be administered superior to a line extending from the:
Cells that transmit and process nerve impulses
Slipped disc dislocated hip could damage what nerve?
Visceral motor neurons innervate
Damage to this nerve results in 'winged scapula'
Nerve arising from medial cord, C8 T1 and often C7
Epidural can also be injected into
Motor portion innervates skeletal miscles of larynx, phaynx, soft palate, upper 2/3 of esophagus
Improperly administered gluteal intramuscular injection could damage what nerve?
Sacral triangle
Injury to part of this nerve causes paralysis of the diaphragm
Nerve innervates darsal nerve of penis, skin and glans of penis in males:
Type of neuron found in olfactory epithelium and retina
Nerves that innervate the diaphragm
Damage to this nerve results in loss of general sensations and loss of gag reflex
Nerve with primary function of hearing and equilibrium
Cutaneous branches of femoral nerve supplies:
These cells are very invasive and a common source of tumors (gliomas) of the nervous system.
Do somatic efferent neurons have postsynaptic neurons?
If part of diaphragm is paralyzed, instead of descending as normal during inspiration the paralyzed dome will
Lipofuscin is
Conductive process of the neuron
CN innervating superior oblique
Damage to this nerve results in difficulty in swallowing, decreased salivation
Originates from the axon hillock
Injury to this nerve resilts in loss of flexion of proximal phalanges 1-3 and weakened flexion of 4 and 5
Cytoplasmic process that may have collaterals
Innervates trapezius and sternocleidomastoid
Nerve innervates clitoris, labia major, labia minora, lower vagina in females:
Linked to form right and left sympathetic trunks on each side of vertebral column
Nerve with a primary function of smelling
Damage to this nerve results in difficulties speaking, chewing, swallowing
PNS is composed of
4 Types of Glial cells of the CNS
Nerve commonly compressed in the carpal tunnel
Receptive portion of the neuron that carries the signal towards the cell body
Damage to this nerve results in pelvic drop on side of elevated leg
Phagocytic glial cells of CNS
Usually one of these per neuron
Innercates serratus anterior muscle
Autonomic nervous system involves 2 neurons
Produce mylein sheath in CNS
nerve running through scapular notch
ANS efferent fibers are accompanied by
Nerver arising from anterior rami of L4-L5 and S1
Nerve arising from lateral cord, C5-C7
Nerve damaged by using crutches incorrectly
Visceral motor neurons are part of the
2 types of Glial cells of the PNS
Cluster of neuron processes found inside the CNS
Ulnar nerve runs through wrist between the hook of the hook of the hamate and flexor tendons in this canal:
Sciatic nerve is halway between:
Sensory portion receives taste sensation from anterior 2/3 of tounge
Cluster of neuron cell bodies found outside CNS
Outnumber neurons 5 to 50 times
ANS efferent fibers are divided into:

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Created Nov 6, 2011ReportFavoriteNominate
Tags:nervous, system

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