Sports Quiz / Nervous System

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Can you name the parts of the nervous system?

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Found around cell bodies of neurons in ganglia
4 Types of Glial cells of the CNS
Filum terminale is a fine filament of
Innervates smooth muscles of iris that constrict pupil and ciliary muscles that focus lens for near and far vision
Nerve that innervates deltoid muscle and teres minor
Injuy to suprascapular nerve results in injury to 2 muscles:
Visceral motor neurons are part of the
Damage to this nerve results in internal strabismus (eye turns inward)
Damage to this nerve results in loss of taste to anterior 2/3 of tounge
What protects the spinal cord?
Lumbar plexus arises from anterior rami of
Anterior rami of lumbosacral enlargement makes up
Osteoarthritis could damage what nerve?
Pudenal nerve block provides anesthesia over which dermatomes?
Damage to this nerve results in thumb not being able to oppose and atrophy of thenar eminence, limiting thumb to flexion, extension
Outnumber neurons 5 to 50 times
Sensory portion does general sensation from pharynx, soft palate, posterior 1/3 of tounge and taste from posterior 1/3 of tounge
Innervates trapezius and sternocleidomastoid
Largest branch of lumbar plexus
Sympathetic postsynaptic cell bodies are found in 2 places
Neurons contain which organelles
Damage to this nerve results in difficulty looking downward and outward
Parasympathetic postsynaptic cell bodies
Cluster of neuron processes found outside CNS
Innercates serratus anterior muscle
Number of pairs of cervical spinal nerves?
Sympathetic division's primary response?
Cutaneous branches of femoral nerve supplies:
Type of neuron that is usually sensory
ANS efferent fibers are divided into:
Usually many of this kind of cytoplasmic process per cell
CNS is composed of
Pressure from uterus during pregnancy could damage what nerve?
Highly branched to increase the surface area for reception of signals
Conductive process of the neuron
Slipped disc dislocated hip could damage what nerve?
Nerve with primary funcion of vision
Two enlargements of spinal cord and levels:
Innervates anterior compatment of forearm
Number of pairs of lumbar nerves?
3 portions of trigeminal nerve
Largest nerve in the body
Loss of ability to initiate abduction of arm results from injury to:
Cells of nervous system not involved in generating nerve impulses
Ulnar nerve is commonly injured in two sites:
Motor portion innervates skeletal miscles of larynx, phaynx, soft palate, upper 2/3 of esophagus
Muscular branches of femoral nerve innervates 4 muscles:
Sensory portion receives visceral sensations from larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, heat, esophagus, stomach and intenstines
Help maintain chemical environment for nerve impulses
Cauda equina are the spindal nerve roots arising from the
Cells that transmit and process nerve impulses
Nerve damaged by using crutches incorrectly
2 types of Glial cells of the PNS
Injury to suprascapular nerve often results from fractures to:
Innervates muscles of facial expression, controls secretions from lacrimal gland and salivary glands
Innervates 4 of the 6 extrinsic eye muscles
Damage to this nerve results in weak flexion of the thigh, weak extenision of knee, hard to climb stairs
Damage to this nerve results in difficulties in turning head to the side and in raising shoulders
The neuron cell body is also called
Sacral triangle
nerve running through scapular notch
Nerve arising from medial cord, C8-T1, and lateral cord, C6-C7
Steps to perform lumbar puncture
Injury to this nerve results in weak flexion at glenohumeral joint but flexion still possible by brachioradialis
Nerve innervating extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tounge
Phagocytic glial cells of CNS
Damage to this nerve results in difficulties speaking, chewing, swallowing
Nerve arising from anterior rami of L2-L4
Number of pairs of thoracic nerves?
Support neurons in PNS ganglia
Spinal cord is a cylinder, slightly flattened...
How many pairs of spinal nerves?
Ends in synaptic end-bulbs
Injury to part of this nerve causes paralysis of the diaphragm
Line ventricles of the brain
No branches in axilla or arm
Nerve with a primary function of smelling
Tapered ending of spinal cord is called
Sensory portion receives taste sensation from anterior 2/3 of tounge
Division that restores body to resting condition
Damage to this nerve results in tic douloureux
Surgical incision of the perineum and inferoposterior vaginal wall:
CN innervating superior oblique
A safe gluteal intramuscular injection can be administered superior to a line extending from the:
Division of ANS with short prevertebral neurons
Sciatic nerve is halway between:
Visceral motor neurons innervate
Autonomic nervous system divided into:
Usually one of these per neuron
Nerver arising from anterior rami of L4-L5 and S1
Epidural can also be injected into
Nerve commonly compressed in the carpal tunnel
Provides nutrients to neurons
Provide stuctural and functional support for the nervous system
Craniosacral division
Nerve with primary function of hearing and equilibrium
Sciatic nerve is composed of two nerves:
Located in plexuses that surround the abdominal aorta
A safe gluteal intramuscular injection can also be administered into the anterolateral portion as it extends from _____ and _____
Type of neuron that usually make up motor neurons
Autonomic nervous system involves 2 neurons
Damage to this nerve results in loss of visceral sensation and difficulty in swallowing and speaking
Innervates only skeletal muscle
Linked to form right and left sympathetic trunks on each side of vertebral column
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome:
Lipofuscin is
Motor portion stimulates peristaltic contractions of esophagus, stomach and intestines; decreases heart rate; dilates bromchial tree
General sensation from skin of the side of the head, cheek, anterior 2/3 of tounge, lower teeth and gums, lower lip and chin
Cluster of neuron cell bodies found inside CNS
Transmit sensations of touch, pain, temperature, and position from sensory receptors
If part of diaphragm is paralyzed, instead of descending as normal during inspiration the paralyzed dome will
Sympathetic presynaptic neurons found in
Nerve arising from superior trunk of brachial plexus
Nerves that innervate the diaphragm
Damage to this nerve results in pelvic drop on side of elevated leg
Injury to this nerve results in 'hand of benediction' when making a fist
Anterior rami of cervical enlargement makes up
Cluster of neuron processes found inside the CNS
Division with long presynaptic neurons
2 symptoms of injury to axillary nerve:
Forms mylein sheath in the PNS
Damage to this nerve results in difficulty in swallowing, decreased salivation
Damage to this nerve results in loss of taste from posterior 1/3 of tounge
Marks inferior extent of subarachnoid space
Nerve arising from posterior cord of brachial plexus, C5-C6
Flight or fight response
Damage to this nerve results in blindness
Receptive portion of the neuron that carries the signal towards the cell body
Number of pairs of sacral nerves?
Waiter's tip - Loss of lateral rotation of humerus results from injury to
Lumborsacral plexus really two seperate plexuses:
Does superior gluteal nerve innervate gluteus maximus?
Damage to this nerve results in loss of general sensations and loss of gag reflex
Sacral plexus arises from anterior rami of
Damage to this nerve results in 'winged scapula'
Damage to this nerve results in Anosmia (loss of smell)
Innervates gluteus medius, minimus, tensor fascia latae
Injury to this nerve is uncommon because it is well-protected
Injury to this nerve resilts in loss of flexion of proximal phalanges 1-3 and weakened flexion of 4 and 5
General sensation from skin of scalp, forehead, upper eyelid, nose, conjunctiva and cornea of eye
Produces CSF
PNS is divided into two systems:
Injury in this nerve results in 'wrist drop'
Type of neuron that has cell body in the CNS
Nerve arising from C5 C6 and C7
Vertebral column is longer than spinal cord because
These cells are very invasive and a common source of tumors (gliomas) of the nervous system.
Thoracolumbar division
Parasympathetic presynaptic cell bodies found in
Do somatic efferent neurons have postsynaptic neurons?
Cytoplasmic process that may have collaterals
Cluster of neuron cell bodies found outside CNS
Originates from the axon hillock
Herpes Zoster (shingles) virus resides in
Number of pairs of coccygeal nerves?
Nerve that innervates anterior compartment muscles of arm, forearm:
Nerve damaged by injury to surgical neck of humerus, dislocation of the shoulder:
Nerve innervates clitoris, labia major, labia minora, lower vagina in females:
PNS is composed of
Type of neuron found in olfactory epithelium and retina
Supracristal plane
Star shaped glial cells
Ulnar nerve runs through wrist between the hook of the hook of the hamate and flexor tendons in this canal:
Anterior rami of T1-T12 are called:
Motor portion innervates pharyngeal muscle used in swallowing and parotid glands
Damage to this nerve results in Bell's Palsy and impaired secretory activity
Innervates flexor carpi ulnaris and ulnar half of flexor digitorum profundus
Nerve arising from anterior rami of S2-S4:
General sensation from skin of lower eyelid, cheek, sides of nose, nasal mucosa, upper lip, upper teeth, upper gums, hard palate
Cervical plexis comes from anterior rami of:
Innervates posterior compartment muscles of arm, forearm
Improperly administered gluteal intramuscular injection could damage what nerve?
Spindal cord ends at level of
ANS efferent fibers are accompanied by
Help form blood-brain barrier
Layers of spinal meninges and spaces between them
Take up excess neurotransmitters
Nerve arising from medial cord, C8 T1 and often C7
Damage to this nerve results in loss of focusing, dilated pupil, ptosis, eye turned outward
3 common types of neurons
Transmit and process nerve impulses
Damage tosuperior gluteal nerve gives this 'sign'
Damage to this nerve results in 'claw hand'
Damage to this nerve results in deafness and loss of equilibrium
Nerve arising from lateral cord, C5-C7
IMLs are found in
Epidural anesthesia is injected into
Spinal anesthesia injected into
Nerve damaged by suicide attempts by slashing the wrist or putting hand through a window
Cell body is usually found in spinal ganglion (PNS)
Flium terminale runs from the
Innervates lateral rectus
Nerve arising from posterior cord of brachial plexus, C5-T1
The nervous system is composed of these two cell types
Nerve innervates darsal nerve of penis, skin and glans of penis in males:
Originates chiefly from C4 but also has contributions from C3 and C5
Produce mylein sheath in CNS
How many pairs of cranial nerves?
A signle cell
Innervates levator palpebrae superioris
Structural and functional unit of the nervous system
Cauda equinacourse down through the

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