Science Quiz / Insect Biology

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Can you name the Insect Biology?

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7 reasons why insects are so successful and diverse
Segmentation of insect bodies
7 segments of the insect head
3 light sensory organs on the insect head
3 segments of the antenna (bottom to top)
A segment that has many parts, which look like smaller individual segments
Organ found within the middle segment of the antenna
The top segment of the mouthparts
The surface on the underside of above segment
The top of this segment
Pair of appendages used for cutting and chewing food
Pair of appendages used mainly for taste and food sensing
5 segments of above appendage (from base of appendage)
Bottom segment of the mouthparts
Middle mouthpart, usually associated with transporting saliva and swallowing food
Groove structures on Diptera labellum that move food to the oral aperture via capillary action
3 tagma of the thorax
Insect leg segments (from base of appendage)
4th segment is usually covered in _____ _____
5th segment is split into 4 ______
6th segment has paired _______ and _______
Elastomeric protein that gives wing joints their flexibility
Tiny structures that provide lepidoptera with coloured wing patterns
Microscopic groove structures that manipulate light to create iridescence
Protective structure of wings found in Coleopterans
Modified hindwing of Diptera that serves as a weight balance, rather than a lift surface
Structures at the base of the abdomen homologous to thoracic legs
Pair of structures at the base of the abdomen not homologous to limbs
Breathing appendages found on the abdomen of aquatic nymphs
Genital aperture for copulation
Genital aperture for egg-laying
Layers of the exoskeleton
endocuticle and exocuticle make up _________
Structural carbohydrate that makes up exoskeleton
Arrangement of ^ layers in whcih each layer is orientated slightly different to the one above and below it
Alteration of chitin microfibril bundles by interlinking them with a protein matrix, strengthening them
Bonds between proteins/chitin in ^
Cuticle structure that allows flow of material through the exoskeleton
Microscopic cuticle structure - very small spines on the cuticle surface
Large, macroscopic spines, hairs and bristles extending from the cuticle, can be sensory organs
Identification of insect taxa by the arrangement of hairs and bristles
The cuticle is divided into a series of plates called ________
Infolding structures in the cuticle, used for muscle attachment
Process of moulting the exoskeleton
1st stage of moulting, where sub-cuticular space forms and inactive moulting gel is secreted
2nd stage, a ___ ___________ produced
3rd stage, old endocuticle begins to _______
Also, a __ __________ produced
Last stage of ecdysis
Opening in insect exoskeleton that allows intake of air
Large structure that carries air straight from spiracle
Small structures that carry air to the muscles
The main body cavity of an insect in which the blood lies
Insect blood
^ is composed of fluid plasma and ________ (cells)
Components of the foregut
Components of the midgut
Mesodermal tissue suspended in the haemocoel
Two cell types that make up ^
Main functions of ^
Components of the hindgut
4 classes of living arthropods
Shared arthropod features
Extinct class of arthropods
Arthropod appendage that splits into two
Non insect hexapods with mouthparts retracted within head
Group of hexapods with well developed mouthparts that project outwards
Subclass of insects which have not developed flight, and are ancestorally wingless
Subclass of insects that evolved wings, including those that secondarily lost them
Series of pterygota, including odonata and ephemeroptera, that have primitve, unfoldable wings
series of pterygota with folding wings
Development of insects from egg to larva to pupa to adult
All (possible) senses of insects
Information issued to an animal from far away
The individual components of a compound eye, each one able to detect light
Light sensitive cells in ^, sensitive to different wavelengths
centre of ^^, containing pigments and microvilli of ^
Compound eye where each lens refracts light to one rhabdom (high light environment)
Compound eye where each rhabdom has light refracted from multiple lenses (low light environment)
Two fundamental types of hearing organs in insects
How many mechanoreceptive cells can be present in a single johnston's organ?
Tympanal ears have evolved at least ___ times independently in 7 orders
The elementary units of mechanoreception in insects
A behaviour where an insect follows a certain chemical trail
Range of angle of attack for insect flight
Two transitional phases of insect wingstroke
Two rotational phases of insect wingstroke
Flight variable: number of wing oscillation during a stroke
Flight variable: the angular displacement of the wing during a complete stroke
Flight variable: the angle between the stroke plane and the vertical
Flight varibale: the angle between the longitudinal body axis and the flight path
Structures at the base of the wing that serve as a flexible hinge and muscle attachment points
Flight muscles that are paired, one end of each attached to thoracic segment, one end of each attached to wing
Flight muscles that attach to the tergal plate, lifting the wing up and down about a hinge without attaching to it
Muscle that contracts once every nerve impulse, used for wing frequencies less than 100 Hz
Muscle that contracts more than once per nerve impulse, as muscle is stimulated again by release in tension. Used for wingbeat frequencies greater than 100 Hz
As mass increases, flight velocity ______
Animals whose body temperature varies with that of their surroundings
Concept of multiplying the time taken for development at a certain temperature, which is constant for one species at varying temperatures
A state of arrested development when climatic conditions are not favourable for growth, reproduction etc. (Onset precedes adverse conditions)
Same as above, but caused directly by adverse conditions
An animal whose activities and lifestyle conflict with the interests of humans
3 STages of the cycle, or treadmill, of pest intensification

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