Miscellaneous Quiz / Legislative Process-Budgeting & Legislative-Executive

Random Miscellaneous or Play Quiz

Can you name the Budgeting?

 Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Also try: Begins with 'TRI'
Score 0/300 Timer 20:00
Name a GOP Member of the Gang of 6
Name a governor that made frequent use of GA's line item veto
This was first introduced to give Hoover the power to overhaul the exec branch
Before 1974, for budgetary data, Congress was fully reliant on information form the
Congress often uses _______ as bargaining chips
Advantages of admin over lobbyists: easier to ________, and not obligated to be direct
The Budget Act changed the fiscal year from ______ to October
Name a problem with applying the Wilsonian model to the States
The _______ voter seeks to place checks on both parties power
Start of the fiscal year date
In what year was the attempted 'grand bargain'?
Legislative Resources of Presidents: National ______ Organization
The Supercommittee was actually the Joint Select Committee on
In 2009, PAYGO was changed to allow for this type of spending
1974 calendar: Final budget resolution with spending ceilings
Reasons for low admin power: ________ differences
Under CBICA, the Senate and House Budget Committees have to develop the
Which President attempted to put budgeting back in Congress's court and failed?
Which bill reformed earmarks?
Bill that created the House and Senate budget committees
Required all spending proposals to be revenue neutral and created the PAYGO rule to make sure of it
Model of the Presidency in which Congress is the most powerful
A President can make frequent use of _______ when lobbying votes
He held the first TV oversight hearing on organized crime
1982 tax hikes were accomplished through
When were the Bush tax cuts set to expire?
Process of connecting the first budget with the 2nd
What % of the budget is defense spending?
1966-1973 was known as the _ ______ _____ ___ because the process fell apart.
This case represented how broad of a grant of authority Congress can give to the executive
__% of federal receipts are payroll taxes and __% of federal receipts are income taxes
This theory is correct in that nominations have always been political, but it does not predict new rule expoitations
3 keys to Presidential Power: Keeping a good reputation amongst the __ or ______ class
Name one circuit that has easy confirmation processes
Non-entitlement domestic spending has ________ since 1980.
Ways to score a President: From each member in relation to the President, reported in CQ now
This type of lobbying fosters partisanship and opposition counter-moves
President for whom the norm of automatic Cabinet confirmations was broken
Which President returned to Reagan's policy of many return letters?
Voters perceive different strengths between the
Which President created the Council on Competitiveness?
Good way for a President to use Congress to get the public's attention
Is inside lobbying (bargaining) more likely with a popular or unpopular President?
Richard Neustadt's book read by JFK
GRH gave this organization the power to enforce sequestration
This famous Act included sunset provisions
The President's party always views actions of the other party as attempts to ________ the President
Which Budget led to earmark reform?
President's budget compromise commission
In the healthcare bill, Dems added a .9% surcharge to these taxes
Some say that the amount of legislation passed in this scenario is the same as other times, but quality does not equal quantity
GRH II changed the enforcer to ____ because of the Supreme Court
This type of Presidential lobbying is known as 'going public'
The Legislative Budget Office in GA predates the
In the aftermath of the Civil War, each ______ needed to be specifically mentioned in law
Name a Dem Member of the Gang of 6
A smart program director will alert a committee ____ of modifications in a program
President has a responsibility to set an
In 2004, Congress passed the creation of this to decide what information to publish when
GA fiscal year begins in
Which Title of CBICA regulated Presidential impoundments
Low _____ _______ taxes reinforce wealth maldistribution
The Budget and Accounting Act of 1921 created the
Since 1789, Congress has overridden _% of vetos
This type of Presidential lobbying is about taking credit and issuing blame
1993 Clinton Budget Plan name
The Social Security Reform Act of 1983 served to raise the minimum retirement age to __ and increase the
Most frequent communication tool of an administration
This bill gave the President power to present Congress with executive branch department spending estimates and spending requests
Temporarily delaying spending, but can be overruled by Congress
Year in which FDR gained in a midterm
1974 calendar: month with prelimenary budget resolution and spending targets
OMB Central Clearance has been more politicized since
2009 PAYGO changes allow ________ bills to meet the requirement
The budget was +/- ________ in the years following WW2
The 1987 agreement between Reagan and Congress set how many different spending ceilings?
Methods of Congress reining in the President: Advise and consent on _______
Does intraadministration conflict exist?
Who shifted decision making powers in the budget process from committees to party leaders?
Recess appointments last until the next
What was the bill that caused the 2013 sequestration?
Why didnt the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 have an immediate impact on the deficit?
In 2011, new House rule that says that new mandatory spending is offset with existing cuts (minus obamacare and tax cuts)
Does the Concurrent budget resolution have the full force of law?
Bill Clinton scandal that kept his first 2 AG's from confirmation
Televised speeches from here are the riskiest type of Presidential outside lobbying
Going public by Presidents has increased because executives now have less of an _________ advantage
Variations from the submitted budget of an agency
In what year did the House adopt the Senate's PAYGO rules?
Which GA governor kept his own scorecards for legislators?
Which party would have less administration initiative?
This created the Congressional Budget process
Presidents must cooperate with Congressional leadership for their political _______
How does the Senate enforce PAYGO?
Govt taxing and spending policy is better known as what type of policy?
This Supreme Court case claimed that the President is best suited for dealing with international affairs?
In 1946, the Joint Committee on the Legislative Budget came together to create a
For a nomination to pass, the majority leader must call the Senate into _____ session
These statements, politicized by W, communicate how the President will enforce a law
Which President didnt have much Hill experience, leading to his VP's role increasing?
This type of government leads to less oversight
This act requires a 48 hour notification of any 60+ day military committment
The President has to initiate the budget because of the Budget and Accounting Act of
Methods of Congress reining in the President: _______, police patrol and fire alarm
Who did FDR endorse over Walter George (a New Deal skeptic)
Act that created the CBO and ended nongermane budget ammendments. Set 20 hour debate limit on budget and reconciliation.
Successful Presidents ______ ideas
Nominations are approved by the Senate __% of the time
This act phased in a 2 bracket tax system
What bill provided that reconciliation would be used at the start of the budget process?
When Congress passes budget bills now, theyre
OIRA employed these to stop agencies from administering out of step policies
Of the 13 sitting Democrats FDR challenged, how many lost their seats?
This President used the most vetoes
What used to be ignored by committees who didnt want to cut spending?
Is there a norm allowing minority reports from the Appropriations Committee?
This theory of judicial selection states that ideological conflict is omnipresent
These allow for spending at last years level or a % of last year's level (how Congress funds the govt)
For most of Congressional history, were revenue and spending treated together?
First state with a line item veto
This rule bars extraneous matter and threats to Social Security from reconciliation bills
INS v Chadha ruled this to be unconstitutional
A veto override takes _/_ of each house of Congress to be successful
Grover Norquist's tax pledge is known as the
Does the President's party factoring his decision into theirs always translate into votes?
Simpson Bowles not coming to a vote led to the
By 2002 not passing these became normal.
What type of Budget Act legalized impoundment was struck down by the courts?
Conservatives thought the Budget Act would
During a government _______, the executive typically inconveniences people to blame the legislature
LBJ's conservative Democratic point person on the Great Society
Presidents change agency policy through
Clinton legitimized his tax increases by saying they were for
How many concurrent budget resolutions have been passed on time since 1976?
Legislative Resources of Presidents: Partisan base in _______
In the cases of intraadministration conflict, did Congress side with the agency or the White House more often?
Ex Parte Milligan showed an extension of Presidential power in a time of
Al Gore came up with the idea of the _______ as a place to take the surplus and hide it away
Before 1921, did the President have any power with the budget?
In 1972, which Magazine declared a Constitutional crisis based on Nixon's impoundment?
Maximum spending in GA is set by
Margorie Margoilies-Mezvinsky cast the deciding vote on this and lost her seat
Divided government, unpopular President, and no international conflict are conditions in which _____ are likely
SSI, Medicare, Medicaid are known as
Do ideas more often come from Congress or the President?
This is Congress offering the President power with strings attached (Congress avoids policymaking but retains power)
Model of the Presidency as first among equals
This theory of judicial selection states that there is an ideological breaking point in which deference broke (Bork, Brown v Board)
From 1821-1921, the budget process can be characterized as
Is party voting for the President's party more of a function of administration or Congressional leadership?
10 million/year that can be dipped into by the governor for various needs
The President has to deliver an economic message to Congress because of the Employment Act of
Reasons for low admin power: Antipathy between ______
Liberals thought the Budget Act would increase
How were the Clinton tax increases added to save the unpopularity?
Created categorical sequestration
Methods of Congress reining in the President: Periodic ________, used most often with regards to defense
1947 National Defense Act & 2004 Creation of Director of National Intelligence strengthened whom?
Legislative Resources of Presidents: _______ & public approval
1974 calendar: time period in which individual bills authorizing and appropriating federal programs
Divided non-entitlement spending into 3 areas, and to only apply sequestration to that category
This type of oversight is more common since the 1970s
The deficit reduction _______ ____ placed any money saved from a bill in to eventually pay off the debt
With regard to administration factoring in decision making, did seniority matter?
Legislative Resources of Presidents: White House _____
Control of this is how Presidents secure and extend power
How many budgets does GA pass every year?
Best time for oversight is during a bill's _____
Model of the Presidency as equal with the legislature
Rule that automatically increases the debt ceiling upon adoption of a budget
__% of households pay more in payroll taxes than income
Which President started a formal process for starting the legislative process?
Which president adopted the idea that deficits dont matter?
According to Kingdon, does administration importance rise as the session continues?
This disposes of the year's surplus in GA (since fiscal year is from July to July
In what year were taxes in the highest bracket reduced from 70 to 50 with a 23% across the board cut
How many govt shutdowns happened in the 90s?
Advantages of admin over lobbyists: Executive _________ Advantage
This thesis deals with the President's differing success rates in foreign and domestic issues
In GA which committee has a permanent staff?
How the budget got through in 85, 86, and 87 to avoid sequestration
Did productivity increase more in the Reagan years than in the Clinton years?
Decade that small deficits became common
This rule requires 60 votes for legislation that would cause a revenue loss beyond the 10 year window of the budget
GA's version of the OMB
Which President used his first months most effectively?
Threat of a ______ can rein in the bureaucracy
Which legislator had his aircraft support for a trip pulled after blocking a W proposal on Dubai?
Formal name for tax loopholes is tax
Low presidential approval, strong opposition, and bipartisan support are all factors increasing the likelihood of an
What tax increase was accepted quietly to offset spending growth.
In 1980, Carter and Democratic leaders added reconciliation instructions to the
This was passed as part of the Contract with America and was ruled unconstitutional
What % of the budget is on entitlements?
Forces that shape the fate of nominees: ________ (opposition wants to stall until they are in power)
Has GA ever had 2 Budget offices?
The Violence Against Women Act and a law upping penalties for drug deals near a public school were struck down because their language was too
Methods of Congress reining in the President: _______ ________ guide the courts on how the policy was supposed to be executed
Most defeated nominations occur in
HW's Cabinet nomination to go down
If the President's Party is in control, an OMB thumbs down can ____ a bill
In what year was the budget balanced?
Who gained the most power from the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990?
The veto threat has an increased value due to increased
This was the 1985 attempt at sequestration that was designed to hit a balanced budget in 5 years (20% per year)
Average wait for a Federal Trial Court judge is _ months
Administration ______ affects how (and how often) proposals are structured
Biggest Tax Increase in American History
What term now refers to any bill ordered by May budget resolutions?
Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 was better known as __________ _________ _______ (____) I
Methods of Congress reining in the President: ________ strategies
What bill ensured 1 trillion in cuts over 10 years and created a supercommittee to cut another 1.2 trillion?
This amendment said no money for abortions
Longer name of the Budget Act
President can social lobby by offering to _______ in the district for the legislator
Crises, ambitious staff or committee chair, divided govt, or lots of time lead to more
Informal rolls of the President include strengthening ______ bonds, responding to public ________, and balancing personal ________
In 1941, the Joint Committee on the Reduction of Federal Expenditures got together to analyze numbers from the
Election years and social welfare bills are associated with using a ___
This is the model of the presidency of Teddy, if its not prohibited in the Constitution, he can do it
Methods of Congress reining in the President: Designing ______
First budget resolution sets a ______
What was allowed to expire to have the Bush tax cuts?
This President required all agencies to create a policy office
What was the earnings threshold on the 2013 Bush tax cut extensions?
Advantages of admin over lobbyists: ________ and Prestige
Agencies are designed to meet _____ specific Congress's policy goals
Signing statements, executive agreements, and recess appointments are examples of Presidential
This 1996 Budget compromise attempted to get a balanced budget by 2002.
In the 1908s, the GOP capitalized on the fear of creeping deficits, and deficits didnt go higher than ______'s last year
Extremism or wrongdoing lead to unconfirmed
The GOP held federal appropriations bill and the ______ _________ under hostage unless Clinton would sign their budget
If a President does not have strong _______, Congressmen will be less likely to support him.
How many years after GRH I did GRH II pass?
Of payroll taxes and income taxes, which one is paid by all wage earners?
W created _____ ______, return letters for existing policy
What is the term for Nixon's unilateral spending cuts on federal programs?
Founders assumed that which branch would be dominant?
Who has a shorter timetable, the President or Congress?
GOP tactic to slow down federal spending
Veto threats need to be used sparingly to maintain
1980s- Supreme Court decided that these stand as long as they dont directly violate statute
Average wait for Court of Appeals nomination is _ months
Another communication tool of an administration
House GOP eliminated this rule in 2011
Name an organization started by executive order
This act was the first to focus on spending limits (adjusted for inflation) rather than deficit reduction
GRH focused attention on this rather than the budgetary process
Who was BO's 'regulation czar' for his 'libertarian paternalism' views?
These are the sessions held by Congress to keep from allowing recess appointments
What was added to the Clinton tax hikes to please conservative Dems?
These two committees deal with taxes
In 1946, the Joint Committee on the Legislative Budget came up with a plan to pass a _____ ___ _____ resolution on public debt if est expenditures were to be > est receipts.
Teddy coined this term, a tool of the president
Part of the pork to pass this treaty was making Charlotte an international airport
OMB was created because of a __ fold increase in spending post WWI
Everything is revenue neutral and cuts can only come from the Defense, Domestic, or INTL buckets
Ways to score a President: batting average of Presidential policy passing in Congress
Legislators claim that they have a __________ role in government
This can be event specific, statutory, or on a whole program
Do more junior or senior members pay more attention to the administration?
Since the 1970s, there are now inspector generals within
Was the Supercommittee allowed to touch entitlements?
__% of veto overrides are successful
These are taxes or tax breaks that require passing anew each year
The deference norm was most pronouncedly broken somewhere between ____ and _____
The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Act of 2001 is better known as the
In what year did Congress push the sequestration targets back and set off a stock market crash?
Forces that shape the fate of nominees: ________ & ________ (divided govt, 84% passed in unified, 66% passed under divided, split benches)
The payroll tax is _______, meaning that a bigger burden is on the poor
Kingdon argues that factors believed to be structural are actually
Did the Supercommitte have any moderates?
This model of the presidency involves blowing off Congress on treaties and preferring viewing the States as a parliamentary system
Reagan authorized ____ to review proposed regulatory rules on a Cost-Benefit Analysis
During the most polarized Senate (05-06), nominees had a __% chance of confirmation
This was the result of tensions between Nixon and the Democratic Congress
Who traded LBJ breaking civil rights fillibusters for appointment powers?
When a President impounds to permanently withhold spending, requires authorization by both Houses.
Recess appointments require a _ day recess
Which Act created the CBO?
Legislative Resources of Presidents: Formal _____
Are Legislative-Executive Relations a zero-sum game?
Does GA have a balanced budget law?
This President re-empowered OMB and reined back OIRA, opening it to interest groups
Did the Supercommittee have the full support of the President or party leaders?
In 1921, what agency was created?
In professionalized legislatures, members of this party are less likely to run
A secret, private committee in GA where budget decisions are made
Forces that shape the fate of nominees: _______ (passing the Senate Judiciary, blue slips, need for a home-state advocate)
Congress moved to cut which President's WH staff?
Which President offered a deal to legislators that voted for his package (he wouldnt campaign against them)
3 keys to Presidential Power: keeping Congress off ________ and staying ______
LBJ's visit to Phil Landrum's district allowed him to beat back a challenge from
Vetoes can also be a sign of political
President's lobbying arm
Legislative Resources of Presidents: Leftover resources from the _______
Legislative Resources of Presidents: Patronage and ______
There is only weak evidence showing that this matters in judicial appointments
This OMB function deals with approving executive proposals for Congress
Tech and globalization have _______ the President with regard to international affairs

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Join for Free
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Created Mar 11, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:Play Quiz, playwright

Top Quizzes Today

Score Distribution

Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.

Report this User

Report this user for behavior that violates our Community Guidelines.