Science Quiz / Puder- Female Reproductive System

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Can you name the Puder- Female Reproductive System ?

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_____: Smooth muscle fibers embedded in collagen which changes with age and parity. Firm and rubbery with a narrow lumen of less than 1 cm. Stretches and expands to 10cm in parturi
_____ cysts/follicles: Spherical cystic masses. Due to blockages for mucin in deep crypts.
____: Junction between internal and external genitalia. Outside layer is keratinized.
____ changes follicle to corpus luteum.
____: Fibromuscular collapsed tube extending from vestibule to uterus. Forms a 90 degree angle with an anteverted uterus.
______ break down glycogen in the vagina and create an acidic environment. The bacterial flora are acidophilic which deters invasion of bacterial pathogens and fungi (Candida albic
_______: Endocrine organ that produces steroid hormones that prepare uterine endometrium for conception and maintain pregnancy should fertilization occur.
_____: Lining of the lumen of the cervix. Provides lubrication for the vagina during intercourse. Acts as a protective barrier to keep bacteria out.
Mucosa of the _____: Contains elastic fibers to permit distension.
During ovulation: LH surge induces completion of 1st stage of _____.
Cervical ______: Cervix in childbirth. Increase in elasticity in cervical stroma
After ovulation, Secretory (luteal) phase - Mucin is thick, scanty, and _____ pH which deters penetration of sperm.
_____: External surface of the cervix that protrudes into the vagina. Rich in glycogen during sexual maturity.
_____: Lines the interior of the uterus. It is composed of glands and stroma. Its 2 layers include the deep basal layer and superficial functional layer.
Movement of ______ cells in uterine tube propel sperm in opposite direction (away from ovary)
_____ cells of uterine tube produces watery tubal fluids rich in K+, Cl-, and immunoglobulins (nutrition for ova and sperm)
During proliferative (follicular) phase - mucin is thin, watery, and ____pH which allows for movement of sperm.
Days 5-25 of cycle: Progesterone effects. Vagina = ______ environment.
______: Muscular organ that receives right and left uterine tubes. Consists of 3 parts- Cervix, fundus, body.
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______ glands (Skene's glands): Located on either side of the urethra. Consists of pseudostratified epithelium.
_____: Layer of the uterus that have thick walls composed of smooth muscle. Undergoes hypertrophy and hyperplasia during pregnancy.
_____ of the Ovary: Has 2 components with supporting stroma and gamete producing structures and their derivatives.
_____ arteries: Supply the superficial functional layer of the uterine endometrium.
Mons ____ overlies symphysis pubis. At onset of puberty, a fat pad develops underneath skin and growth of pubic hair begins.
Involution changes corpus luteum to corpus ______ that has less granulosa and theca lutein cells so has less progesterone and estrogen to secrete.
____: Female equivalent of the penis. Composed of 2 corpora cavernosa (erectile tissue). Lie side by side surrounded by a fibrocollagenous sheath. Covered by a thin epidermis. Engo
_______-Columnar Cervical Junction: This area is most likely to be affected by disease. The acidic environment of the vagina induces the squamous epithelium to replace the columnar
_____ (vulvovaginal) glands: Analogous to bulbourethral glands in the male. Located around lower vagina. Opens into vagina near hymen. Mucus-secreting cells.
____ os: junction between cervix and vagina. An important site for pathological changes.
Ovarian ______ has 3 main functions: structural support, give rise to theca interna and externa, and secrete steroid hormones.
_____: Opening for the bladder
Labia _____: thin skin flaps devoid of adipose tissue. Abundant blood vessels and elastic fibers.
_____ os: junction between uterine body and cervix
Theca _____: Has LH receptors. Secrete androstenedione (precursor of Estrogen)
The ______ content of the vagina is at its maximum at ovulation (estrogen is high) and some glycogen rich cells are shed during the secretory phase (progesterone is high)
_____: Segment of Uterine tube where fertilization takes place.
______ arteries: Supply the deep basal layer of uterine endometrium.
Days 4-14 of cycle:Estrogen effects. Vagina = ______ environment (welcoming environment for sperm)

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