Science Quiz / AP Bio Chapter 35 Terms

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Can you name the Chapter 35 Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
An organism's ability to 'mold' or alter itself in response to local environmental conditions.
External form
A group of cells with a common function, structure, or both.
Consists of several types of tissues that together carry out particular functions
All of a plant's roots that anchor it to the soil, absorb and transport minerals and water, and store food.
The aerial portion of a plant body, consisting of stems, leaves, and flowers.
Organ that anchors a vascular plant (usually in the soil), absorbs minerals and water, and often stores organic nutrients.
A system that most eudicots and gymnosperms have, consisting of one main vertical root that develops from an embryonic root.
Branches that contribute to horizontal growth
A mat of generally thin roots spreading out below the soil surface, with no root standing out as the main one.
Any plant part that grows in an unusual location.
An extension of a root epidermal cell
An organ consisting of an alternating system of nodes and internodes.
A structure that has the potential to form a lateral shoot (Branch).
Embryonic tissue at the tip of a shoot, made up of developing leaves and a compact system of nodes and internodes.
The evolutionary adaptation that increases the plant's exposure to light.
The main photosynthetic organ of most vascular plants.
Joins the leaf to a node of the stem.
The vascular tissue of leaves.
One or more tissues organized into a functional unit connecting the organs of a plant.
Outer protective covering of a plant.
A single layer of tightly packed calls found in the dermal tissue of nonwoody plants.
Protective tissues that replace the epidermis in older regions of stems and roots.
Waxy coating that prevents water loss
A system that carries out long-distance transport of materials between roots and shoots.
A vascular tissue that conveys water and dissolves minerals upward from roots into the shoots.
DefinitionTerm
A vascular tissue that transports organic nutrients such as sugars from where they are made to where thay are needed.
The vascular tissue of a root or a stem.
Tissues that are neither Dermal or Vascular belong to this system.
Ground tissue that is internal to the vascular tissue.
Ground tissue that is external to the vascular tissue.
The cell contents exclusive of the cell wall.
Mature cells that have primary walls that are relatively thin and flexible, and most lack secondary walls.
Cells grouped in strands or cylinders that help support young parts of the plant shoot. They have thick primary walls.s
Cells that function as supporting elements in the plant, but with thick secondary walls that are usually strengthened by lignin.
One of the two types of water conducting cells. They are tubular, elongated cells that are dead at functional maturity.
Growth that occurs throughout the plant's lifetime.
When plants cease to grow after reaching a certain size.
Plants that complete their life cycle in a single year or less.
Plants that generally live two years.
Plants that live many years.
Embryonic tissues.
Located at the tips of roots and in buds of shoots, provide additional cells that enable the plant to grow in length, known as primary growth.
In nonwoody plants, primary growth produces all or almost all of the plant body.
Horizontal growth and thickness.
Causes secondary growth, includes vascular cambium and cork cambium.
Adds layers of vascluar tissue called secondary xylem and secondary phloem.
Replaces the epidermis with periderm, which is thicker and tougher.
Cells that remain as sources of new cells.
New cells displaced from the meristem continue to divide until the cells they produce become specialized.
The parts of the root and shoot systems produced by apical meristems.
Covers the root tip, which protects the delicate apical mersitem as the root pushes through the abrasive soil during primary growth.
DefinitionTerm
Includes the root apical meristem and its derivatives.
Root cells elongate, sometimes in more than ten times their original length
Cells complete their differentiation and become functionally mature.
The innermost layer of the cortex, a cylinder one cell thick that forms the boundary with the vascular cylinder.
The outermost cell layer in the vascular cylinder.
Finger-like projections along the flanks of the apical meristem.
One of the minute pores in the epidermis of a leaf or stem through which gases and water vapor pass.
Regulate the opening and closing of the pore.
The area between the upper and lower epidermis.
Connections from vascular bundles in the stem.
Protective coat enclosing each vein consisting of one or more layers of parenchyma cells.
Consists of the tissues produced by the vascular cambium and cork cambium.
Older layers of secondary xylem close to the center of a stem or root.
The outer layers still transport xylem sap and are therefore known as...
Small raised areas dotting the periderm called...
Outside coat that contains all tissued external to the vascular cambium.
The development of body form and organization.
When one daughter cell receives more cytoplasm than the other in mitosis.
Microtubules in the cytoplasm become concentrated into a ring called the...
The development of specific structures in specific locations.
The condition of having structural differences at opposite ends of an organism.
The morphological changes that arise from transitions in shoot apical meristem activity.
The transition from vegetative growth to flowering is associated with the switching on of floral...
 

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