Science Quiz / Pathoma 12.2 Acute Renal Failure

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Can you name the Pathoma 12.2 Acute Renal Failure

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HintAnswer
Type of azotemia caused by decreased blood flow to kidneys
This disease can be caused by NSAIDs
In early postrenal azotemia, what happens to urine osmolarity (increase, decrease, no change?)
This disease can be caused by diuretics
How long does it take for Acute interstitial nephritis to start presenting with symptoms
In what disease is there damage to tubular cells that takes time to heal
Acute Interstitial nephritis is what type of azotemia
In this disease death of cells in the tubule results in obstruction of the tubule
Type of azotemia caused by obstruction of urinary tract downstream from kidney
What is the hallmark of acute renal failure
Disease in which eosinophils are seen in urine
What happens to BUN:Cr ratio in early postrenal azotemia (increase, decrease, no change?)
In acute tubular necrosis, FENa is how much?
Drug induced HSR of interstitium and tubules
This disease is associated with injury and necrosis of the tubular epithelial cells
What happens to GFR in prerenal azotemia (increase, decrease, no change?)
Acute tubular necrosis is what type of azotemia
What is normal urine osmolarity
Severe acute pyelonephritis can cause what
A crush injury can lead to ______ which can lead to ______
In early post renal azotemia, FENa is how much what?
HintAnswer
The medullary segment of the thick ascending limb is particularly susceptible to damage in which disease
Patients exposed to this toxin can develope oxalate crystals in their urine
The proximal tubule is particularly susceptible to damage in which disease
Chronic analgesic use is a risk factor for what disease
This disease presents with brown granular casts in the urine
What happens to GFR in early postrenal azotemia (increase, decrease, no change?)
In this disease toxic agents result in death of tubule cells
Is Acute tubular necrosis reversible?
Renal papillary necrosis presents with these two symptoms
This disease can be caused by Penicillin
In late post renal azotemia, FENa is how much?
What happens to GFR in Acute tubular necrosis (increase, decrease, no change?)
What is the normal BUN:Cr ratio?
heavy metals can cause what
What happens to BUN:Cr ratio in acute tubular necrosis (increase, decrease, no change?)
Treatment for ATN
How long can oliguria last after ATN
In acute tubular necrosis, what happens to urine osmolarity (increase, decrease, no change?)
What is the most common cause of Acute renal failure
Ischemic ATN is often preceded by what
Azotemia is commonly characterized as an increase in what two specific blood values
HintAnswer
This antobiotic class can cause Nephrotoxic ATN
What is a cause of death in ATN
What is the treatment for Acute interstitial nephritis
Low production of urine
In prerenal azotemia, FENa is less than what?
Acute renal failure often (but not alway) presents with what
In late postrenal azotemia, what happens to urine osmolarity (increase, decrease, no change?)
What happens to BUN:Cr ratio in prerenal azotemia (increase, decrease, no change?)
An increase in nitrogenous waste products in the blood
In this syndrome, increased levels of urate can cause nephrotoxic ATN
Acute Severe decrease in renal function
In this disease there is decreased blood supply to the tubules that results in cell death
Diabetes and sickle cell disease are risk factors for what disease
Cells that are not currently out of cell cycle but can re enter it
Radiocontrast dye can cause what
This disease can progress to renal papillary necrosis
Type of azotemia caused by problems within the kidney
What happens to BUN:Cr ratio in late postrenal azotemia (increase, decrease, no change?)
What are the two major etiologies of acute tubular necrosis
In what type of azotemia is tubular function intact
In prerenal azotemia, what happens to urine osmolarity (increase, decrease, no change?)
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Created May 29, 2018ReportNominate
Tags:Acute, failure

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