Geography Quiz / Ultimate Country Quiz

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Can you name the country that....?

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...has the southernmost capital?
...has the largest number of Roman Catholics?
...was formerly known as Kampuchea?
...has the most distant point from the center of the Earth? the only one not bordering Russia where Russian is an official language statewide? the only English-speaking nation in South America?
...shares a name with a region of Greece, causing a naming dispute between the countries?
...that is home to the world's deepest known cave?
...regained autonomy as a result of the Russo-Turkish War, after more than 450 years of Ottoman rule?
...has about 70% of its land area covered by the Karakum Desert? home to the world's fastest diesel ferry?
...that contains the location of the ancient city of Troy?
...has the northernmost metropolitan area of more than one million people?
...contains the first New World land visited by Christopher Columbus?
...contains the headwaters of both the Senegal and Niger Rivers?
...has the greatest life expectancy at birth? home to the launchpad for the world's first human spaceflight?
...has a flag whose design represents the Pacific Ocean and the country's four island groups? the most recent to gain independence from the UK? the northernmost nation through which the Prime Meridian passes? the world's leading producer of renewable energy?
...has Bambara as its most widely understood language?
...does not maintain foreign relations with any permanent members of the UN Security Council? the least populated OPEC member? where LEGO pieces were created?
...that contains the land at the southern end of the world's longest overland animal migration?
...has a main island that was known by 'Hairouna' to the indigenous population? home to the only volcano on mainland Europe to have erupted within the last 100 years?
...uses the somoni as its unit of currency?
...was the first to have its voters reject European Union membership?
...that was formerly known as Dahomey? the oldest independent state in Africa? the westernmost in the Arab League?
...has a 2.5-mile wide, 160-mile long demilitarized zone as its northern border?
...was the first to be admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations without ever having been a part of the British Empire? named after a man who led multiple Latin American countries to independence?
...has the most official languages?
...has the only absolute monarchy in Europe?
...had coups d'etat in both 1999 and 2001?
...was formely known as Upper Volta?
...that contains the location of the ancient city of Carthage?
...has its national bird, the grey crowned crane, on its flag?
...has .cf as its Internet country code top-level domain?
...was formerly known as Nyasaland?
...contains the region of Transylvania? planning to move its capital to Ramciel by 2015? home to the headquarters of both the European Union and NATO?
...has a name derived from a word in its official language meaning 'fortresses built near water?'
...was founded and colonized by freed American slaves? home to Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall?
...was where the first season of 'Survivor' was filmed?
...has a name meaning 'Land of the Pure' in its national language?
...was where the first pterodactyl fossil was discovered?
...was the first to be invaded by Nazi Germany?
...has the highest mountain outside of Asia?
...had its best known site under joint U.S. control until 1999?
...has the highest percentage of Christian residents of any Arab League member?
...received its current name after independence to decrease confusion with a neighboring country?
...has the most total area of any country on the Mediterranean Sea?
...has the Vysshaya Liga as its top division of professional soccer?
...served as the test site for 67 U.S. nuclear weapons tests between 1946 and 1958?
...has the most populated metropolitan area in Africa?
...has the world's tallest building?
...has residents who are known as Malagasy?
...has Avianca as its flag carrier airline?
...has Krio as the most widespread language?
...uses the Nikkei 225 as an index for its main stock exchange?
...has won the most Summer Olympics medals without ever having won gold? the only one to have red and black as the only two colors on its flag?
...was formed in 1990 when its formerly separated northern and southern halves united? the larger of the only two to be surrounded by landlocked countries? named after the desert that is believed to be the world's oldest?
...produces Madeira wine?
...has hosted the most Olympic Games?
...was known as Zaire until 1997?
...has the most total area of any landlocked country in Africa? the least populated country that has officially acknowledged its possession of nuclear weapons? the only OPEC member located wholly within the southern hemisphere? the only former Yugoslav state to border only one other former Yugoslav state? home to the driest location on Earth? the only one in South America to have only two colors in its flag?
...that has about 20% of its land area located below sea level? home to the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world?
...has the smallest area and borders at least two other countries?
...was invaded by U.S. troops in 1983?
...has the most FIFA World Cup appearances without a championship? believed to be home to the most Palestinian refugees?
...had the deadliest tornado on record? the most recent and southernmost member of the Arab League?
...has the shortest coastline?
...produces Pilsner Urquell beer?
...Kosovo has declared independence from?
...contains the Aïr Mountains?
...had a constitutional monarchy after gaining independence from France in 1954 until being overthrown by communists in 1975?
...has the greatest population of Albanians outside of Albania?
...has its capital located on the island of Guadalcanal? the southernmost of the Lesser Antilles? the place of origin of Dalmatians?
...had the longest civil war in Latin American history, spanning from 1960-1996?
...has the lowest high point above sea level, at 7 ft. 7 inches?
...contains the land claimed by the breakaway country of Transnistria?
...was the first former Soviet Socialist Republic to declare independence from the USSR?
...was the setting for the book and movie 'Black Hawk Down?'
...sentenced an American teenager to caning for vandalism in 1994?
...was the first to elect a female head of government?
...has 70% of its population residing on the island of Viti Levu? the most populated country in Africa? connected to the continental mainland by the King Fahd Causeway? home to Victoria Falls National Park?
...has a quarter of Jerusalem's Old City named after it?
...that is believed to contain the location of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
...has its capital located on the island of Bioko? the world's most densely populated?
...has the greatest number of languages spoken?
...contains most of the Tatra Mountains?
...was the site of the Chernobyl disaster?
...provides the soldiers who serve as Vatican guards?
...has the least populated national capital?
...does not allow its citizens to visit Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, or Yemen without special permission?
...lost most of it's men's national soccer team in a 1993 plane crash? the only one whose flag is not a rectangle? the least populated in South America? where Nobel Prizes are awarded?
...has the least total area of any landlocked country outside of Europe? home to the two holiest Muslim sites? referred to as 'Hellas' in its native language? the only communist nation in the western hemisphere?
...was the first in Africa to reach the FIFA World Cup quarterfinals? the location of the titular 2006 'Casino Royale' in the 2006 film? the only non-European country to be completely surrounded by one other country?
...has both Arabic and English as official languages?
...was invaded during 'Operation Enduring Freedom?'
...was the first Eastern Bloc nation to begin to dismantle its border fence with western Europe?
...has the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas?
...had militants that received funding from the U.S. government as part of the Iran-contra affair?
...has the largest percentage of its land area protected in parks and reserves? the only one in Africa to be represented by a pavilion at Epcot?
...has the northernmost capital?
...hosted the first Winter Olympic Games?
...has won the most Olympic gold medals in men's ice hockey?
...has an exclave of Nakhchivan?
...has the largest desert that is located within only one country?
...has the largest number of Muslims?
...has the longest-serving current head of state?
...was the only one to have gained its independence from New Zealand? has a population of more than 500,000 but was uninhabited until being settled by Portugal in the 15th Century? closest to Antarctica without any Antarctic territorial claims?
...has a name meaning 'ancient and bearded?'
...was home to the dodo before its extinction?
...was the first that the United Nations graduated from 'least developed' to 'developing' status?
...lost its status as a UN Security Council permanent member in 1971? the world's least densely populated? the only nation in North America not to border the Atlantic Ocean or Caribbean Sea?
...that was known as New Hebrides until independence? the smallest in the Americas in both size and population? the smallest through which the Equator passes? the smallest original European Union member?
...was where the hottest temperature on the Earth's surface was recorded?
...produces Aldaris beer? located closest to the USA without actually bordering it?
...has its capital located on the shore of Lake Tanganyika? home to Boiling Lake, the world's second largest hot springs? the easternmost of the Lesser Antilles?
...has, since 1974, had part of its territory under control of a separate state that is only formally recognized by Turkey?
...has had a runner win either the men's or women's Boston Marathon every year since 1991? located closest to the intersection of the Equator and the Prime Meridian? the home country of Nobel laureates Arthur Lewis and Derek Walcott, making it the country with the most laureates per capita? the smallest current European Union member?
...has a flag with stars that are a geographically-accurate representation of the country's islands?
...takes its name and borders from the river that passes through its center?
...has a capital city whose construction began on previously undeveloped land in 2002? the only Pacific Ocean nation to consist of only one island? the only non-island nation in North America not to border the Pacific Ocean? closest to the Arctic Circle without having any territory inside it?
...has the longest written Constitution?
...has a church that has been under construction since 1882? the first to see dawn of each new day? the only one to have elected a female-majority legislature?
...has the most saline body of water outside of Antarctica?
...was the only Pacific island nation to avoid formal colonization? the only one besides Italy to have Italian as its sole official language?
...has a legislature called 'Oireachtas?'
...renamed its largest city in 1976 to honor its first president and leader of its independence movement?
...has a flag with five stars representing the Federal Republic of Central America?
...that defeated Bolivia in the Chaco War?
...has a tricolor flag whose colors represent forests, the Equator, and the sea? the most populated nation with no standing army? the smaller of the two that are the only two in the world to have their capital cities located across a river from one another?
...had the story of its bobsled team dramatized in the movie 'Cool Runnings?'
...gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993? named after France's King Louis XV's Minister of Finance?
...has the least total area of any country the Prime Meridian passes through? home to the $27 million and 160-foot tall African Renaissance Monument?
...was the first in the Eastern Bloc to elect a non-communist government? the most populated not to have diplomatic relations with the USA?
...has the highest proportion of Roman Catholic residents in Asia?

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