Science Quiz / Atoms and Bonding

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Can you name the Atoms and Bonding?

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Definition of termVocabulary term
The seven horizontal rows in the periodic table
The distance from the center of the nucleus of an element to the outer edge of its electron cloud. This characteristic follows a trend on the periodic table
Two atoms of the same element with different atomic masses.
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0- the atoms share electrons equally.
The neutral particle in an atom’s nucleus.
Groupings of elements in the periodic table with similar properties - not necessarily the same period
Symbols used to show how many valence electrons an atom has. Also called Lewis Structures
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0.- the atoms share electrons either equally or somewhat unequally.
Elements that are good conductors, are malleable and ductile.
Four numbers that describe the “address” of an electron in an atom according to a mathematical model
Negatively charged particle outside an atom’s nucleus.
A positively-charged ion.
A molecule comprised of two atoms.
The smallest particles of an element which still displays the properties of that element. Also known as building blocks of matter.
The 18 vertical columns in the Periodic Table of Elements. Each element in a ____ has the same number of electrons in its outer shell.
positively charged particle in an atom’s nucleus.
Without a crystalline structure
Definition of termVocabulary term
Substance composed of only one type of atom
The minimum amount of energy required to completely remove an electron from a gaseous atom or ion
The center of every atom,containing positively-charged protons and neutrally-charged neutrons.
A physical combination of two or more substances where each substance maintains its own chemical properties.
Another term for energy levels. Rings around the nucleus of an atom in which specific electrons are most probably located.
The smallest particle of a substance which still displays the properties of that substance that may or may not contain just one kind of atom chemically bonded.
Negatively-charged particles in the outer-most electron shell of an atom
A negatively charged ion
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0- the atoms do not share electrons equally.
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is 2.0 or greater- one atom takes the other’s electrons.
Two or more elements that have been chemically combined.
An atom or covalently-bonded molecule with an overall charge. These can form ionic bonds with others of opposite charge
An element that has some characteristics of metals and some of nonmetals.
Forces that hold atoms together.
The elements on the right side of the periodic table, like sulfur, which tends to gain electrons.
The electrical energy present in an atomic particle. Usually categorized as positive or negative and, for an ion, is equal to the difference between the number of protons and the n

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