Music Quiz / Musical Terminology (Quiz 1)

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Can you name the Musical Terminology (Quiz 1)?

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The constant, regular beat in music. Can be represented visually by line of quarter notes, half notes, eighth notes, etc. It is felt as the beat to which you tap your foot.
Organizes musical sounds into patterns of time duration. Means the various arrangements of irregular durations within a metrical pattern.
Division of musical pulse into a recurring pattern of strong and weak pulses. Most common patterns are dupe, triple, quadruple.
Duple, triple, and quadruple:
Two numbers, one above the other, that appear at the beginning of a piece of music. The top number indicates the meter of the music, the bottom tells which note value represents on
The speed at which a piece of music moves; the speed of the pulse.
Whole, half, quarter, eighth, sixteenth.
The organizing principle, or structure, of a piece of music. Controls how music unfolds in time. Some types include binary, ternary, strophic, sonata, fugue, theme-and-variation, a
A three-part form that explores the principle of contrast and repetition. (ABA)
A two-part form that explores the principle of contrast. (AB)
Vertical lines, placed immediately before the accented pulse that divide written music into measures. The meter is more easily read when music is divided into measures.
Two vertical lines used in written music, most commonly to indicate the beginning of a new section in a large work or to mark the end of a work.
II: :II A sign consisting of double bar lines plus two large dots either before or after the bar. This sign occurs in written music at the beginning and the end of measures that ar
Return to the beginning and play to the indicated end.
Return to the sign and play to the indicated end.
End of a piece.
Perform the indicated measures twice - the first time using only the first ending, the second time using only the second ending.
Held or sustained.
The strongest beat of any meter, always written as the first beat of the measure.
The beat before the downbeat; the final beat of a measure.
Measure at the beginning of the piece that includes one or more pickup beats. Formally called anacrusis.
Symbol meaning hold the note beneath it.
A consecutive horizontal line of pitches that contains a contour (or shape), rhythmic motion, and cadences (or arrival points of rest). The interaction of these elements can produc
Part of a melody; a short arrangement of pitches that is identifiable as a melodic unit. Usually lends itself well to further transformation or development.
The basic building block of a melody. Tends to be symmetrical in length (2, 4, and 8 measures long). Usually 2 of these form a melody.
The melodic material used for classical works such as sonatas, symphonies, theme-and-variations, and other homophonic compositions.
A characteristic of musical sound involving degrees of loudness and softness.
The unique sound or tone color of an instrument or voice. Determined by the size and design of an instrument and by the way in which its sound is produced.
An indication of how musical phrases are to be played. Controlled by a set of words and symbols that indicate various types of attack and whether the line is to be played short and
Refers to the horizontal progression of chords that takes place throughout a piece of music. Generated directly from the scale on which a piece is based.
Indicates the density (thickness or thinness) of a musical line. Three primary types: monophonic, polyphonic, and homophonic.
Melodic line without accompaniment.
Two or more equally important melodic lines occurring simultaneously. Also called contrapuntal.
One predominant melody with accompaniment.
A curved line, extended over two or more notes of different pitch, used to indicate a smooth, connected style of playing or singing.
A curved line connecting two notes of the same pitch; used for creating notes of long duration.
A line played short and separated.
A line played smooth and connected.
The note receives more stress than the surrounding notes.
Occurs when an accent is placed on what would otherwise be a weak beat.
A borrowed division in simple meter, in which a note normally divided into two equal parts is divided into three equal parts.
A borrowed division in compound meter, in which a note normally subdivided into three equal parts is subdivided into two equal parts.
The use of two different letter names for the same pitch. Ex: C-sharp and D-flat, F-sharp and G-flat, or E-sharp and F.
An accidental that, when placed in front of a note, lowers the pitch of that note by a half step.
An accidental that, when placed in front of a note, cancels (for that note) any existing sharp, flat, double sharp, or double flat.
An accidental that, when placed in front of a note, raises the pitch of that note by a half step.
Given in music by the symbol M.M., giving the number of clicks per minute.
Short lines above or below the staff that function to extend the pitch range of the staff.
A set of five parallel lines on which music is notated. The lines are used to indicate pitch.
A treble clef staff and a bass clef staff joined together by a vertical line and a brace.
A half step that involves two pitches of the same letter name and staff location, such as G to G-sharp, A to A-flat, or E to E-sharp.
A half step that involves two pitches with adjacent letter names and staff locations, such as A to B-flat, G-sharp to F, or B to C.
Sign indicating that the notes below it are to be performed one octave higher than written or that the notes above it are to be performed one octave lower than written.

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