History Quiz / Great Historians throughout Time

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Can you name the Famous Historians (of both ancient and modern times, in all of history and in all world countries)?

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Reason for FameNameInteresting Info
American historian, academic, author, playwright, and social activist who wrote extensively about Civil Rights and anti-war movements, as well as of the labour history of the USIn his best selling book, 'A People's History of the United States,' he seeks to present American history through the eyes of the common people rather than political and economic elites
The foremost Roman historian, he wrote an extremely influential account on Rome in the first century, the 'Annals'Due to his literary style and the thoroughness of his research, he was by far the most read and admired historian during the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the early Modern Era
A Renaissance man of many disciplines and one of the founders of political scienceHis historical works include 'Discourses on Livy,' 'Life of Castruccio Castracani' but he is probably best known for 'the Prince'
1st-century Romano-Jewish historian who recorded Jewish history, with special emphasis on the 1st century AD and the First Jewish–Roman WarHe has been credited by many as recording some of the earliest history of Jesus Christ outside of the gospels
Historiographer and historian sometimes viewed as one of the forerunners of modern historiography, sociology and economicsBest known for his 'Muqaddimah' (known as Prolegomenon in English), which was discovered, evaluated and fully appreciated first by 19th century European scholarship
Monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth, most famous for 'The Ecclesiastical History of the English People'Dubbed 'The Father of English History,' he was much later pronounced a doctor of the Catholic church
Considered as the Father of Modern History, due to his use of government documents to verify his 'History of Italy.'A friend and critic of Niccolò Machiavelli, he is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance
He is regarded as the father of Chinese historiography because of his highly praised work, 'Records of the Grand Historian'Records of the Grand Historian recounted Chinese history from the time of the Yellow Emperor (2600BC) to Qian's time (100BC)
American historian of the American South and American slavery. He has been noted for bringing a Marxist perspective to the study of power, class and planter-slave relationshipsHis work 'Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made' won the Bancroft Prize
His most famous work, The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, covers the 17 year period from 1685 to 1702, fuses a picturesque, dramatic style with the learnPlayed a major role in introducing English and western concepts to education in India.
A British cleric, he is one of the best-documented figures of the Christian church in the British Isles in the 6th centuryHis work De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, which contains narratives of the post-Roman history of Britain, is the only substantial source for history of this period written by a near-contemporary
Arab historian and geographer, known as the 'Herodotus of the Arabs.' Wrote 'The Meadows of Gold and Mines of GemsOne of the first to combine history and scientific geography in a large-scale work
One of the most important chroniclers of medieval France. His history is also one of the most important sources for the first half of the Hundred Years' WarHis 'Chronicles' have been recognized as the chief expression of the chivalric revival of the 14th century Kingdom of England and France
This English historian and Member of Parliament is best known for the work 'The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire' 'The Decline and Fall' is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its open denigration of organized religion
Dubbed the 'Father of History,' this Greek historian collected his materials systematically, tested their accuracy to a certain extent and arranged them in a vivid narrativeHas sometimes been labeled 'The Father of Lies' because of his tendency to report fanciful information
Led the creation of the New History of the Tang Dynasty.Regarded as one of the great masters of prose of the Tang and Song era. He was also a noted writer of both shi and ci poetry.
Greek historian, soldier and mercenary, known for his writings on the 4th century BC, preserving the sayings of Socrates, and descriptions of life in Ancient Greece and PersiaSometimes known as the 'Attic Muse' for the sweetness of his diction
Reason for FameNameInteresting Info
Wrote Church History, a pioneer work giving a chronological account of the development of Early Christianity from the 1st century to the 4th centuryHe became the Bishop of Early centers of Caesarea about the year 314 A.D.
American historian who made biographies of Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard NixonReputation was blemished by plagiarism controversies
A biographer, essayist, philosopher and historian, this Greek is best known today for his 'Parallell Lives' and 'Moralia'His two great works give very important insight into both Greek and Roman lifestyle in the 1st century
known for the monumental universal history Bibliotheca historica, a work of universal history. His account of gold mining in Nubia in eastern Egypt is one of the earliest extant texts on the topic, and describes in vivid detail the use of slave labour in terrible working conditions.
His work chronicled in Latin the history of Rome from 96 to 378, although only the sections covering the period 353–378 are extantHe wrote the penultimate major historical account surviving from Antiquity
Wrote the Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). His work is of great interest to Egyptologists, and is often used as evidence for the chronology of the reigns of pharaohs. Some have suggested that Aegyptiaca was written as a competing account to Herodotus' Histories, to provide a national history for Egypt that did not exist before.
Egyptian chronicler who wrote the 'History of the Conquest of Egypt and North Africa and Spain'His work is invaluable as the earliest Arab account of the Islamic conquests of those countries
Roman historian who wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people. It was called 'Ab Urbe Condita Libri', or 'Chapters from the Foundation of the City' in English'Ab urbe condita' is a monumental history of ancient Rome. The work covers the time from the stories of Aeneas, the earliest legendary period from before the city's founding in c. 753 BC, to Livy's own times in the reign of the emperor Augustus
Two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize and biographer of Harry S. Truman and John AdamsNarrated the movie Seabiscuit
His History of England spanned from the invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution of 1688. Many considered it the standard history of England in its day.One of the most important figures in the history of Western philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment. Beginning with his A Treatise of Human Nature (1739), Hume strove to create a total naturalistic 'science of man' that examined the psychological basis of human nature, propounding that desire rather than reason governed human behaviour.
Best known today for his historical work on the British radical movements in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, in particular The Making of the English Working Class (1963)He also published influential biographies of William Morris and William Blake and was a prolific journalist and essayist
British Marxist historian of the rise of industrial capitalism, socialism, and nationalism. His best-known works include his trilogy about the long 19th century (The Age of RevolutRecipient of the Balzan Prize for European History since 1900, 'For his brilliant analysis of the troubled history of twentieth-century Europe and for his ability to combine in-depth historical research with great literary talent.'
Highly influential figure both for the dissemination of information – his History Against the Pagans was one of the main sources of information regarding Antiquity that was used As theological and longtime companion of St. Augustine, he helped write City of God.
Greatly influenced historiography through his demonstration of fresh new ways to look at the past. Best-known histories are 'The Age of Louis XIV', and 'Essay on the Customs...'Famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and free trade
American writer, historian, and philosopher. He is best known for 'The Story of Civilization'He sought to unify and humanize the great body of historical knowledge and to vitalize it for contemporary application
This Athenian general is best known for his documentation of the 'History of the Peloponnesian War'Has been dubbed the father of 'scientific history', because of his strict standards of evidence-gathering and analysis in terms of cause and effect without reference to intervention by the gods
His wide-ranging 'Spirit of the Laws' spanned many disciplines and was greatly influential in forging the fundamentally interdisciplinary historianHe is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world
Reason for FameNameInteresting Info
He is best known for his book The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes), published in 1918 and 1922, covering all of world history.He proposed a new theory, according to which the lifespan of civilizations is limited and ultimately they decay. According to his theory, the meaningful units for history are not epochs but whole cultures which evolve as organisms.
British historian of the 20th century and renowned academic who became well known to millions through his popular television lecturesBooks include 'The Italian Problem in European Diplomacy,''The Course of German History,'' and 'The Origins of the Second World War'
He is best known for his 12-volume 'A Study of History,' through which he ...examined the rise and fall of 26 civilizations in the course of human history, and he concluded that thLost favor among both the general public and scholars by the 1960s, due to the religious and spiritual outlook that permeates the largest part of his work
Generally regarded as the greatest classicist of the 19th century. His work regarding Roman history is still of fundamental importance for contemporary researchHe received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1902,[2] and was also a prominent German politician, as a member of the Prussian and German parliaments
His writings on communication explore the role of media in shaping the culture and development of civilizations. His study of the effects of interconnected lakes and rivers on CanaHe helped develop the staples thesis, which holds that Canada's culture, political history and economy have been decisively influenced by the exploitation and export of a series of 'staples' such as fur, fish, wood, wheat, mined metals and fossil fuels.
His better-known historical works include: Marlborough: His Life and Times, The World Crisis (a history of World War I), The Second World War, which earned him the Nobel Prize in LHe was an exponent of the view that the British and American people had a unique greatness and destiny and that all British history should be seen as progress towards fulfilling that destiny. This belief inspired his political career as well as his historical writing.
He is the main contemporary source for Merovingian history. His most notable work was his 'Ten Books of Histories', better known as the 'Historia Francorum' (History of the Franks)Also known for his credulous accounts of the miracles of saints, especially four books of the miracles of Martin of Tours
The principal historian of the 6th century, writing the 'Wars of Justinian', the 'Buildings of Justinian' and the celebrated 'Secret History'He is commonly held to be the last major historian of the ancient world
One of the major figures in the development of British historiography and the popularity of tales of King Arthur. Much of his history now considered unreliable.He is best known for his chronicle 'Historia Regum Britanniae' ('History of the Kings of Britain'), which was widely popular in its day and was credited uncritically well into the 16th century, being translated into various other languages from its original Latin
German historian, considered one of the founders of modern source-based historySet the standards for much of later historical writing, introducing such ideas as reliance on primary sources (Empiricism), an emphasis on narrative history and especially international politics (Aussenpolitik)
Greek historian noted for his book called 'The Histories,' covering in detail the period of 220–146 BC, credited for being the first historian to write a History of the WorldHe is also renowned for his ideas of separation of powers in government, which were later used in Montesquieu's The Spirit of the Laws and in the drafting of the United States Constitution
British historian who specialises in financial and economic history, particularly hyperinflation and the bond markets, as well as the history of colonialismBooks include 'Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World' and 'The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World', which he also presented as a Channel 4 television series
He collected oral traditions that formed the basis of an important biography of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. These traditions, which he orally dictated to his pupils, are now knowHe had been captured in one of Khalid ibn al-Walid's campaigns and taken to Medina and treated as a slave.
In his 1855 work, Histoire de France (History of France), he was the first historian to use and define the word Renaissance ('Re-birth' in French), as a period in Europe's culturalHe was perhaps the first historian to devote himself to anything like a picturesque history of the Middle Ages, and his account is still the most vivid that exists.
Most important surviving work is a set of biographies of twelve successive Roman rulers, from Julius Caesar to Domitian, known as The Twelve Caesars.He recorded the earliest accounts of Julius Caesar's epileptic seizures.
Roman (ethnic Greek) historian, public servant, a military commander and a philosopher of the 2nd-century Roman period'Anabasis of Alexander' is perhaps his best known work and is generally considered one of the best sources on the campaigns of Alexander the Great

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