Just For Fun Quiz / First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Painless jaundice
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Blue sclera
Single palm crease
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Athlete with polycythemia
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Severe jaundice in neonate
'Worst headache of my life'
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
WBC casts in urine
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Strawberry tongue
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Skin hyperpigmentation
Chest pain on exertion
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Bluish line on gingiva
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Cold intolerance
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Positive anterior drawer sign
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Rash on Palms and Soles
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign

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