History Quiz / U.S. I Final-- Term 2

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Can you name the U.S. I Final-- Term 2?

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philosophical movement of the 1800s. Included beliefs of: living close to nature, not dwelling on past mistakes, being a unique individual, following your heart, working hard, etc.
Civil War battle: Grant leaves troops unattended, Confederates/Union surprise attack each other, Union gains control of Mississippi River Valley
Confederate general at the First Battle of Bull Run
founder of Mormonism: received a vision from an angel telling him all other religions were false, received golden plates & translated them into the Book of Mormon
event where 5 men were killed by John Brown and other men --> was in revenge for Lawrence-Sumner beat down
Original Union Civil War strategy to protect D.C., put pressure on Richmond, place a naval blockade on Southern coase, and invade the south along Mississippi, Cumberland, and Tenne
escaped slave & famous Conductor of the Underground Railroad who freed 300 slaves (nicknamed Moses)
Election with four candidates: Stephen Douglas (N. Democrats), John C. Breckinridge (S. Dems), John Bell (Whigs), & Abraham Lincoln (Republicans)
President of the Confederacy
Lincoln's famous 2-minute speech to dedicate the ceremony on Cemetery Hill
Convention where women's rights advocators men
Document written at the convention above
belief that God intended for Americans to expand westward
president who split the Oregon Territory with Britain in the Oregon Territory Acquisition and asked Congress to declare war on Mexice
novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that accurately depicted the life of a slave (harsh treatment, splitting up of families at auctions) --> banned in much of the south
hesitant Union war general in the East, placed large emphasis on discipline/training, fired twice by Lincoln
compromise to preserve the Union proposing guarantee of slavery where it already existed and old Missouri Compromise line to be drawn all the way to California (rejected by Lincoln
General Lee's big mistake at Gettysburg: sent 12,000 Confederate soldiers across a 1-mile open field led by ______ on Cemetery Ridge
first engagement of the Civil War that resulted in 4 more states (Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia) seceding
woman who plans convention for women's rights
Democrat known as the 'Little Giant,' helped write the Compromise of 1850
raided arsenal at Harper's Ferry and intended for slaves to join him (convicted of murder, treason, and trying to incite a slave insurrection)
QuestionAnswer
territory given to the United States at the end of the Mexican-American War (included California, Utah, Nevada, and part of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Wyoming
proposal to outlaw slavery in the territory of the Mexican Cession - passed in the House of Representatives but was defeated in the Senate
withdrawal from a country
Idea that states should vote on whether to be free or slave
McClellan's plan to attack and seize Richmond that involved moving 100,00 men, 300 cannons, and 25,000 horses by water to the peninsula between the York and James Rivers
president/dictator of Mexico during the Mexican-American War, forced to sign a treaty granting independence to Texas
party formed by anti-slavery Whigs, Democrats, and Free-Soilers - opposed to the expansion of slavery but wanted to keep it where it was already present
against the Compromise of 1850 - believed there was an even balance of power between the north and the south, and that the south should secede if it cannot safely exist in the Unio
determined Union war general who never admitted defeat (also a drunkard)
bloodiest single day battle in American history that involved 3 stages: cornfield, sunken road, and Burnside Bridge
Civil War battle where the Union gained control of the Mississippi River, dividing the Confederacy
war strategy focused on tiring the enemy out until it is too worn out to fight
war strategy of confiscating and destroying civilian property that could be used by the military
Spanish mission fort near San Antonio that was held by Americans in the Texas Revolution
strategical Confederate general first put in charge during McClellan's Peninsular Campaign
regiment of African American soldiers led by Colonel Shaw that helped capture Fort Wagner
court decision regarding a slave's freedom, had three parts: African American citizenship, the Missouri Compromise, and property rights
compromise: (1) Texas gives up some territory, (2) Mexican Cession organized into territories, (3) slavery=still legal in D.C., but slave trade=illegal, (4) California joins Union
movement to limit alcohol consumption
Talylor's presidential successor who passes the Compromise of 1850
northern democrats who did not support the civil war
drafting people into the war
QuestionAnswer
Extreme abolitionist who wanted slavery to end immediately and believed women should be involved in abolition
network of people who helped slaves escape to the north and Canada
treatment that would help restore a person to his/her useful place in society
3 day battle, major turning point in the Civil War, bloodiest battle of the war, Lee's last attempt at invading the north
expectations for women: piety, purity, submissiveness, and domesticity
education reformer: helped get tax supported public education, minimum 6 month school year, teacher training programs, etc
Lincoln's presidential predecessor who supported the Lecompton Constitution
organized territories of Kansas and Nebraska on basis of popular sovereignty in order to build transcontinental railroad
escaped slave and famous abolitionish who wrote an abolitionist newspaper called 'The North Star'
result of Lincoln-Douglas Debates: Douglas supports popular sovereignty
issued after Antietam: freed the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union
Boston teacher, advocator for the rights of the insane, helped create asylums
group of people that wanted to abolish slavery immediately and give full equality to African Americans
treaty ending the M-A War: Mexico gives up all claims to Texas, U.S. pays Mexico $15 million, U.S. takes over payment of debts Mexico owed U.S. citizens, Mexicans living in Mexican
religious movement that began in New York and spread throughout the U.S.
the right to not be unlawfully improsoned
having more than one spouse
first major Civil War battle where Lincoln sends the Union army towards Richmond; run into Confederate troops
Civil War battle: ______ marched across GA in a line 20-60 miles wide to break the rebels; destroyed livestock, crops, supplies, etc.
helped write the Compromise of 1850, known as the 'Great Compromiser'
location of the Confederacy surrender

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