Science Quiz / Surgical Nursing Exam 3

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Can you name the Surgical Nursing Exam 3?

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high solubility = ____ induction/recovery
The most common liquid used for sterilization
type of wound closure: 'first intention healing', sutured or grafted soon after injury, fresh clean wound
burying beneath skin
filler separates particles from liquids/gases- physical method of sterilization
What is the calculation for medium depth anesthesia? ____ X ____
tissues should be kept _____ to prevent dessication
sensory nerve endings continuously fire pain signals, these travel to spinal cord and increase firing of SC neurons
steps taken to prevent contamination of the surgical site by infectious agents
low solubility = _____ induction/recovery
if patient is extremely light or deep the vaporizer should be changed in max increments of ___-___%
part 2 of repair phase: _________ occurs
A lower MAC number means a gas is ____ potent than another with a higher number
nerve impulses travel along sensory neurons from peripheral tissue to spinal cord and then to brain, this is what?
third phase of wound healing
this type of suture is broken down and resorbed, loses tensile strength by 60 days, used in quick healing tissues
type of antiseptic with residual time of 4-6 hours
type of wound closure: wound sutured 1-3 days post injury, require cleaning and debridement, wounds 6-8 hrs old
All anesthetic gases are eliminated by ______
this nonadherent primary bandage layer is used for moderately to copiously exudative wounds, must be changed often
pain felt despite adequate analgesic therapy
using two or more analgesic drug classes is known as ______ analgesia
type of antiseptic with long residual time of ~2 days
during which wound healing phase is there a LARGE increase in wound strength
this nonadherent primary bandage layer is used for minimally exudative wounds, promotes epithelialization, and requires fewer changes
lavage fluids should be ___tonic
which has faster recovery, inhalent or injectable?
all anesthetic gases cause decreased ___ ____ and ____ ___
if patient is slightly light or deep the vaporizer should be changed in increments of ___-___%
This is a measure of anesthetic potency used as a guide to determine adequate concentrations for Sx
absence of pain sensation without loss of consciousness
This type of disinfectant has no residual effect
method of debridement: used for small wounds in areas with loose skin
_ _____ _____ are large, myelinated, conduct sensation of pain rapidly, source of pain is easily localized, and cause sharp discrete pain
Type of surgical drain that is thick-walled, one end is in body cavity while other is attached to suction device
the source of microorganisms that surgical team can control is ___genous
does mono or multi filament usually have no memory
hypotonic lavage fluids can cause tissue _____
_______ release factors that initiate wound healing
conversion of chemical, thermal, or mechanical energy into nerve impulses
this type of suture (braided/monofilament) has a lower risk of infection
The two types of autoclave are ____ ________ and _____
solubility determines the _____ if induction and recovery
what is smaller, 3-0 or 0
To prevent diffusion hypoxia with nitrous oxide we can run a ____ Oxygen flow rate
____ solubility means most of the gas remains as a gas in the alveoli
do not use _____ preparations for lavage as they are very irritating to tissues
method of debridement: used for minimally contaminated wounds and as an adjunct to surgical debridement
The one major disadvantage of sevo and iso is that there is no what?
lavage fluids should be what temp?
liquid anesthetics that evaporate easily are considered volatile, do these have a high or low vapor pressure?
pain that results from a non-injurious stimulus
skin coming open is called _________
_ ____ are small, unmyelinated, conduct pain sensation slowly, source of pain is hard to localize, and cause dull and aching or throbbing pain
tendency of a gas to dissolve in the blood and tissues
part 1 of repair phase: ________ tissue forms
antiseptic solutions added to lavage must be ______
what is it that contracts and pulls skin inward during the wound contraction part of the repair phase
death by protein destruction, susceptibility of microbes varies physical method of sterilization
Agents with ____ vapor pressures can use a nonprecision vaporizer
To prevent inhaling waste gas you should stay _ feet from the patients nose
The most common gas used for sterilization
type of wound closure: third intention healing, wound sutured closed 3-5 days post injury after granulation bed formed
amount of force suture can withstand before breaking
perception of pain
a higher blood:gas solubility coefficient means (more/less) soluble in blood and tissues
naturally occurring chemicals in the brain are released by neurons in response to pain and provide analgesia, this is what?
fourth phase of wound healing
destroys organisms on living tissue
unpleasant sensory or emotional experience due to injury, illness, etc.
Somatic pain sensation is in tissues with ____ numbers of nociceptors and is transmitted by A delta, C, or both fibers?
Liquid anesthetics with _____ to _____ vapor pressures require precision vaporizers
method of debridement: used for large wounds with substantial trauma and heavy contamination
____ ______ is the amount of liquid anesthetic that will evaporate at 20°C/68°F
______ within the blood clot provides minimal wound strength
Multimodal anesthesia (reduces or increases) the dose of general anesthetic needed
The prupose of lavage is to ____ and _____ bacteria, blood, and irritating fluids or solids
can we add antibiotics to lavage solutions?
type of wound closure: contraction and epithelialization, granulation tissue fills defect, needs loose skin
type of heat sterilization with lower temp for shorter time
_______ enter the wound during granulation
The biggest route of exposure to waste gas is ______, either from the patient, filling/emptying vaporizer, or spills
destruction of organisms but not spores on an object
prevacuum autoclaving uses __psi, ____°F, and ___ min of sterilization, which takes __ total min
this type of suture is not broken down with time or takes >60 days, used in slow healing areas
complete abscence of organisms
second phase of wound healing
part 3 of repair phase: wound __________
first phase of wound healing
maintaining anesthesia using a combination of inhalent and injectable is common in what species?
Place in correct order: A. transmission, B.modulation, C.perception, D.transduction
type of heat sterilization with high temp, long duration
microbe that causes disease
pathogens/toxins in blood/tissues
destroys microbes without heat- physical method of sterilization
Type of surgical drain that is thin-walled, fluids drain around outside of tube
destruction of organisms and spored on an object
MAC= lowest % producing no response to painful stimulus in __% of patients tested
nerve cells that detect noxious stimuli (pain)
hypertonic lavage fluids can cause _______
____ solubility means much of the gas dissolves into the blood and tissues
exaggerated pain sensation
lavage fluid pH should be _____
gravity displacement autoclaving uses __-__psi, ____°F, and ___ min of sterilization, which takes __ total min
Visceral pain sensation is in tissues with ____ numbers of nociceptors and is transmitted by A delta, C, or both fibers?
which autoclave type is better?
chemical methods of sterilization can use ____ or ___
which has faster recovery, IV or IM?

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Created Dec 5, 2011ReportFavoriteNominate

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