Science Quiz / Pharmocology Ex2- Nervous System Drugs

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Can you name the Pharmocology Ex2- Nervous System Drugs?

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questionanswerhint
caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine are ____
major side effects in CNS stimulants are usually seen in ______
ruminants are extremely sensitive to what class of tranquilizer
this is metabolized in the liver to phenobarbital
atropine and glycopyrrolate are what?
anticholinergic drugs inhibit the actions of _____
lidocaine, proparacaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are all what type of drug?
tranquilizers and sedatives are used for _____ effect on patients
this narcotic agonist is used in transdermal patches
what is fentanyl
this drug has to be used very carefully, it has a very narrow therapeutic index, long half-life, and can only be used alone in dogs, in other animals it is used with phenobarbital
naloxone, nalorphine, and naltrexone are _______
what class of tranquilizer is Zolazepam?
what is the ingredient in chocolate that is toxic in large amounts in dogs?
can propofol be reused throughout the week?
what class of tranquilizer is Atipamezole?
what class of tranquilizer is Yohimbine?
this is a preanesthetic, prevents bradycardia, and decreases salivation
This class of tranquilizer has the following major side effects: bradycardia, vomiting, aerophagia, decreased GI tone
Major effects of this class of tranquilizers include muscle relaxation, calming, decreased seizure activity, appetite stimulation in anorexic cats
what class of tranquilizer is Acepromazine?
This drug is a skeletal muscle relaxant, doesn't cause unconsciousness, is used as an induction agent, and is primarily used in horses
this drug is given for seizures in emergency situations
Name the most common CNS stimulant that is given IV to stimulate respiration in anesthetized dogs, cats, and horses
barbiturates that last 1-2 hours are ______ acting
another name for the parasympathetic nervous system
questionanswerhint
what class of tranquilizer is Detomidine?
this is found primarily in pain regulating areas of the brain and is responsible for analgesia, euphoria, resp. depression, and hypothermic action
these animals are overly sensitive to alpha 2 agonists
this drug is shipped as a powder and reconstituted shortly before being used
what are the major classes of tranquilizers and sedatives? (leave spaces between, no commas, and list in alphabetical order)
what class of anesthetic is ketamine?
This class of tranquilizer has the following major effects: profound calming, ataxia in lg animals, recumbency in small animals, profound analgesia, and muscle relaxation
what class of tranquilizer is Xylazine?
what class of anesthetic is methohexital?
what class of tranquilizer is Tolazoline?
diazepam, phenobarbital, primidone, and potassium bromide are ______
this type of anesthetic has these major side effects: seizures during induction and recovery, exaggerated reflexes, muscle rigidity (esp. in cats), and delirious recovery (head bob
what class of tranquilizer is Dexmedetomidine?
barbiturates that last 10-30 minutes are ____ acting
The most common benzodiazepine tranquilizer is ______
does reducing the seizure threshold mean that the animal will have less of a chance of seizing?
hepatotoxicity, PU/PD, and CNS depression or anxiety are side effects of long term ______
which type of barbiturate is used in thin or fat animals?
the following are what: meperidine, morphine, oxymorphone, buprenorphine
respiratory and cardiac depression, perivascular necrosis, and temporary excitement prior to unconciousness are major side effects of what?
what class of anesthetic is thiopental?
what class of anesthetic is propofol?
This class of drug is biotransformed in the liver, highly protein bound, and varies in duration of action
calming, reducing anxiety, mental relaxation, and antiemetic effects are major effects of what class?
this is a naturally occurring narcotic used to treat severe pain
what class of anesthetic is guaifenesin?
questionanswerhint
barbiturates that last 4-8 hours are _______ acting
this is a narcotic agonist/antagonist used in small animals and horses with colic
what class of tranquilizer is Diazepam?
two main types of ultra short acting barbiturates are what?
what class of tranquilizer is Midazolam?
narcotic or opioid analgesics attach to ____ receptors in the brain
drugs that reduce the perception of pain without loss of conciousness are ______
major side effects of these include: resp depression, hypersensitivity to sounds, physical dependence, potent pain relief, sedation, restraint, vomiting, hypotension, decreased hea
this is the drug of choice for long term seizure control
tramadol is a ____
This class of tranquilizer has almost no side effects and is very safe to use, even in old, ill, or traume patients
This tranquilizer drug burns when given IM, and is the drug of choice in emergency seizuresthis drug also reacts with plastic so cannot be left in a plastic syringe for prolonged amounts of time
which barbiturate is milky white color and expensive?
this class of tranquilizers has several major side effects including reducing the seizure threshold, hypotension, and penile prolapse in stallionsminor side effects include protrusion of the third eyelid
what class of tranquilizer is Chlorpromazine?
do not use phenothiazine if an animal is in ____
a drug used to transition the patient from conciousness to unconsciousness is called an _____ ____
what class of anesthetic is teletamine/zolazepam?
this is the main drug used for euthanasia
codeine is a____
what class of anesthetic is thiamylal?
this is the single most common side effect of alpha 2 agonists (it ALWAYS happens)
how many major classes of tranquilizers and sedatives are there?
this is an anesthetic that burns when given IM

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