Science Quiz / Animal Disease 2, exam 3

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 3?

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questionanswerhint
CHD:
When a bone breaks through the skin it is called a(n) _____ fracture
OFA:
Osteosarcoma is more common in what species?
This disease is caused by malformation of cartilage resulting in articular cartilage fractures in the shoulder, elbow, stifle, or hock; typically occurs in large breeds under 1 yr
PennHIP scores closer to __ are tighter (less chance of dysplasia)
20-25% of all patellar luxations are _____
what can be measured, passive or functional hip laxity?
This dz is caused by avascular/aspetic necrosis of the femoral head and neck when blood supply to them dies
Post op treatment for a cruciate ligament injury includes activity restriction for _ weeks
loss of ability to move in part or most of body, also can include loss of feeling
TPLO:
name the common front leg locations for osteosarcomas
When a bone does not break through the skin it is called a(n) _____ fracture
name the OFA grade: congruent joint space, most of acetabulum covers femoral head
With the TTA repair of a CCL injury, what happens with the gaps
An open surgical approach to remove the cartilage flap as a tx for OCD has a recovery time of how long?
in intervertebral disc disease when fibrous rings bulge/weaken it is called
DJD:
Fractures are usually caused by _____
PennHIP:
Grades 1 and 2 patellar luxations are the ____ type
to keep the leg dry you may cover it with a plastic bag and rubberband if the animal has a ____ but NOT if it has a _____
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella nearly always luxated. can be reduced manually. reluxates when manual pressure is removed.
medial patellar luxations occur more in ____ breeds
a bony spur or osteophyte that is loose is a ____ ____
FHO:
OCD:
the most common inherited oprthopedic dz:
questionanswerhint
this is a possible treatment for severe cases of legg-calve perthes
in intervertebral disc disease when the jelly-like nucleus escapes it is called
transposing the tibial crest is a tx for:
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella luxates manually, remains until returned manually. 1/2 time spent in groove
When the break in a bone occurs in the epiphyseal plate, it is a _______ fracture
how many times daily should a post-op broken bone repair incision be checked?
name the OFA grade: subluxation, partial coverage, shallow socket, arthritic changes
With this treatment for hip dysplasia activity is restricted for at least 8 weeks to just one floor or room, no stairs or slick floors allowed, and bathroom breaks are the most act
this treatment for hip dysplasia is good in puppies and young dogs that have laxity and are at high risk for developing dysplasia
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella always luxated, cannot be manually reduced.
75--80% of all patellar luxations are ____
Treatment for osteosarcoma is _________ if possible
name the OFA grade: subluxation, partial coverage of femoral head, shallow socket
common stifle injury of dogs causing acute hindlimb lameness, can occur in old or young
PennHIP uses how many views to determine a score for the hip?
tendons connect _____-_____
When a bone breaks into 2 pieces it is called a(n) _____ fracture
can hip dysplasia be affected by environmental factors?
name the seven OFA grades in order from best to worst
lateral patellar luxations occur more in ____ breeds
muscular weakness caused by nerve damage/dz, sometimes has partial paralysis
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella luxates manually but returns to normal. spends almost all of time in groove.
DI indicates the _____ out of joint
With this treatment for hip dysplasia physical therapy starts soon after the incision heals, animals have good ambulation in 6-8 weeks with max function in 6-10 monthsnote: larger dogs have less chance to be 100% sound
DI:
Name the common rear leg locations for osteosarcomas
Short leash means _ feet max
delayed healing may be seen in ______ fractures or older patients.
in the equation for DI the r = ____ of the _______ _____
questionanswerhint
The treatment for OCD with the shorter recovery time is what?
TPO:
legg-calve perthes is diagnosed by:
healthy bone heals in _-_ weeks
OFA uses how many views to determine a score for the hip?
a DI of 0.58 means the femoral head comes out of the join by __%
name the OFA grade: incongruent, no arthritic changes, repeat test in 6 months, 50% do not progress
This type of fracture has an increased risk of infection and longer healing time
diagnosis of cruciate ligament injury is ____ _____ sign
this treatment for hip dysplasia is good in animals under 30-45 lbs and is excellent for use in cats
Treatment for hip dysplasia includes medical management with ____ and ______
Arthroscopic surgery as a treatment for OCD has a recovery time of _____
TTA:
intervertebral disc disease is a common spinal cord disorder in __________ breeds
The most common location for osteochondrosis dissecans is the ____
CCL:
OFA has _ grades
Grades 3 and 4 patellar luxations are the ____ type
name the OFA grade: tight joint, no luxation, almost complete coverage of femoral head
in the equation for DI the d = ____ between the ____
patellar luxations are gaded on a scale of _-_
name the OFA grade: slightly incongruent, good coverage of femoral head
PennHIP measures the ______ ____
name the OFA grade: subluxation to luxation, partial to no coverage, marked arthritic changes
When a bone breaks into more than 2 pieces it is called a(n) _____ fracture
ligament connects ____-_____
distraction index = __/__
Legg-Calve Perthes occurs most often in ___ breeds and develops in _-_ months of age
PennHip is graded on a scale of _ to _

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