Science Quiz / Animal Disease 2, exam 3

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 3?

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questionanswerhint
The most common location for osteochondrosis dissecans is the ____
this treatment for hip dysplasia is good in puppies and young dogs that have laxity and are at high risk for developing dysplasia
tendons connect _____-_____
When a bone breaks through the skin it is called a(n) _____ fracture
With this treatment for hip dysplasia activity is restricted for at least 8 weeks to just one floor or room, no stairs or slick floors allowed, and bathroom breaks are the most act
intervertebral disc disease is a common spinal cord disorder in __________ breeds
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella nearly always luxated. can be reduced manually. reluxates when manual pressure is removed.
OFA:
name the OFA grade: subluxation to luxation, partial to no coverage, marked arthritic changes
distraction index = __/__
Legg-Calve Perthes occurs most often in ___ breeds and develops in _-_ months of age
This disease is caused by malformation of cartilage resulting in articular cartilage fractures in the shoulder, elbow, stifle, or hock; typically occurs in large breeds under 1 yr
PennHIP:
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella luxates manually, remains until returned manually. 1/2 time spent in groove
TPO:
in the equation for DI the d = ____ between the ____
DJD:
When the break in a bone occurs in the epiphyseal plate, it is a _______ fracture
what can be measured, passive or functional hip laxity?
muscular weakness caused by nerve damage/dz, sometimes has partial paralysis
PennHIP measures the ______ ____
75--80% of all patellar luxations are ____
When a bone breaks into 2 pieces it is called a(n) _____ fracture
in intervertebral disc disease when the jelly-like nucleus escapes it is called
Treatment for osteosarcoma is _________ if possible
An open surgical approach to remove the cartilage flap as a tx for OCD has a recovery time of how long?
name the common front leg locations for osteosarcomas
name the OFA grade: slightly incongruent, good coverage of femoral head
When a bone breaks into more than 2 pieces it is called a(n) _____ fracture
questionanswerhint
Fractures are usually caused by _____
With this treatment for hip dysplasia physical therapy starts soon after the incision heals, animals have good ambulation in 6-8 weeks with max function in 6-10 monthsnote: larger dogs have less chance to be 100% sound
name the OFA grade: subluxation, partial coverage, shallow socket, arthritic changes
name the OFA grade: tight joint, no luxation, almost complete coverage of femoral head
Grades 3 and 4 patellar luxations are the ____ type
to keep the leg dry you may cover it with a plastic bag and rubberband if the animal has a ____ but NOT if it has a _____
Short leash means _ feet max
With the TTA repair of a CCL injury, what happens with the gaps
lateral patellar luxations occur more in ____ breeds
loss of ability to move in part or most of body, also can include loss of feeling
Grades 1 and 2 patellar luxations are the ____ type
CHD:
medial patellar luxations occur more in ____ breeds
FHO:
this treatment for hip dysplasia is good in animals under 30-45 lbs and is excellent for use in cats
legg-calve perthes is diagnosed by:
in the equation for DI the r = ____ of the _______ _____
This type of fracture has an increased risk of infection and longer healing time
healthy bone heals in _-_ weeks
the most common inherited oprthopedic dz:
PennHIP scores closer to __ are tighter (less chance of dysplasia)
PennHIP uses how many views to determine a score for the hip?
When a bone does not break through the skin it is called a(n) _____ fracture
in intervertebral disc disease when fibrous rings bulge/weaken it is called
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella always luxated, cannot be manually reduced.
name the OFA grade: incongruent, no arthritic changes, repeat test in 6 months, 50% do not progress
CCL:
20-25% of all patellar luxations are _____
a bony spur or osteophyte that is loose is a ____ ____
questionanswerhint
how many times daily should a post-op broken bone repair incision be checked?
a DI of 0.58 means the femoral head comes out of the join by __%
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella luxates manually but returns to normal. spends almost all of time in groove.
DI:
OFA uses how many views to determine a score for the hip?
Post op treatment for a cruciate ligament injury includes activity restriction for _ weeks
The treatment for OCD with the shorter recovery time is what?
Arthroscopic surgery as a treatment for OCD has a recovery time of _____
This dz is caused by avascular/aspetic necrosis of the femoral head and neck when blood supply to them dies
name the OFA grade: congruent joint space, most of acetabulum covers femoral head
Osteosarcoma is more common in what species?
Name the common rear leg locations for osteosarcomas
patellar luxations are gaded on a scale of _-_
TPLO:
this is a possible treatment for severe cases of legg-calve perthes
OFA has _ grades
can hip dysplasia be affected by environmental factors?
transposing the tibial crest is a tx for:
common stifle injury of dogs causing acute hindlimb lameness, can occur in old or young
name the seven OFA grades in order from best to worst
DI indicates the _____ out of joint
PennHip is graded on a scale of _ to _
Treatment for hip dysplasia includes medical management with ____ and ______
OCD:
TTA:
name the OFA grade: subluxation, partial coverage of femoral head, shallow socket
ligament connects ____-_____
delayed healing may be seen in ______ fractures or older patients.
diagnosis of cruciate ligament injury is ____ _____ sign

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