Science Quiz / Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve
Right ventricle contains what valve?
left AV valve is also called what?
left ventricle contains what valve?
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
scientific name of heartworms
biological vector of heartworms
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
injectable heartworm preventative
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
sequelae means '_____ _____'
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
rapid breathing
straight breathing, extended necks
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
most common oral tumor of cats
most common oral tumor of dogs
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
straining to defecate is known as what?
hematochezia is _____ in stool
having difficulty defecating is _______
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
Megacolon is more common in what species?
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?
the principal glucocorticoid is
the main mineralocorticoid is
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
treatment for cushings in dogs

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