Science Quiz / Animal Disease 2, exam 1

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 1?

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What is one infectious causes of disease?
term for fever
term for not eating
term for not enough body fluid
term for lack of energy or being tired
What is the acronym for the non-infectious causes of disease?
term for increased urination
term for increased thirst
term for hair loss
term for cause of disease
term for outlook
heat, pain, swelling, redness, and loss of function are cardinal signs of what?
term for increase of blood in a part
dilation of blood vessels, excess blood to a body part, red color, warmth, higher pulse is what kind of hyperemia?ex:inflammation
diminished outflow, dark red or blue color, low temperature is what kind of hyperemia? ex:torsions, constrictions, CHF
accumulation of fluid in intercellular space is what?
escape of cellular debris, cells, and fluid is what?
what kind of exudate is associated with burns?
what kind of exudate is associated with infection?
hypertrophy is increase in the ____ of cells while the number stays the same
hyperplasia is increase in the ____ of normal cells in normal arrangement
term for decrease in size as a result in the decrease of number or size of cells
term for death of tissue
these are essential for the survival and reproduction an organism, can be animate or inanimate
offer an environment for maintenance of an organism, can be several different species of this for one organism
transmission from contact with infected skin, mucus membranes, droplets or transplacental, transmammary, or through ovum or sperm
transmission that utilizes agents or intermediates that carry the agent from one source to another, can be vectorborne or vehiclborne
which is a form of indirect transmission, airborne or droplet?
what is the state of not being susceptible known as?
intact skin, gravity, normal flora, mucus, pH are all inborn or _____ immunity
name one innate immunity response that is a non-specific defense
Name, in order, the steps of phagocytosis
This is immunity specific to a particular agent, requires time to develop, and occurs faster and more vigorously with second exposure
immune components develop in another animal and are transferred, recipient immune w/o exposure, lasts 6-8 wks (type of immunity)ex: transplacental
individual's immune system responds to antigen that enters unintentionally, takes days to weeks to develop, lasts long (type of immunity)
injections of preformed antibodies, gut absorption of immunoglobulins occurs in 12-24hrs (type of immunity)ex: antitoxin, antiserum
injection of antigens, can be killed, live, attenuated, etc (type of immunity)ex: vaccines
antibodies are produced by ____ cells
most abundant antibody, produced with 2nd exposure, crosses placenta
primarily important for mucosal immunity, found in mucous secretions, passed via nursing
macro, 2nd most common, produced in primary response, does not cross placenta
antibody, associated with hypersensitivity or allergic reactions and parasitic infections
Does humoral immunity involve antibody production?
Does cell-mediated immunity involve antibody production?
secondary immune response is also known as ______ response
antigenic structure intact, safe, stable, need repeated doses, adjuvant required, safest for pregnant animalstype of vaccine
lost it's virulence, microorganisms replicate within patient to provide immunity, lasts longer, may cause mild dz, may shed in environmenttype of vaccine
made from live microorganisms, few doses needed, long lasting, cheaper, no adjuvant needed, virulent, needs careful handlingtype of vaccine
part of gene removed from pathogenic organism and inserted into another microorganism, few side effects, varied admin routes, more costlytype of vaccine
inactivated toxins, active immunity, short duration of effectiveness, may contain adjuvantstype of vaccine
contain antibodies to toxin, provide passive immunity, short duration, may contain adjuvantstype of vaccine
serum with antibodies, passive immunity, short duration, may contain preservatives that cause rxntype of vaccine
contains more than one antigen, convenient, fewer injections, cheaper, more adverse reactionstype of vaccine, ex:DHLLP
single antigen, can give different vaccines on different days, more injections, higher adjuvant amountstype of vaccine
these prevent vaccines from working properly, so we do not vaccinate newborn animals
can we mix vaccines together if we are giving them in the same route?
BVD, IBR, BRSV, Leptospira pomona and hardjo, Brucellosis (heifers only), are core vaccines of what species
signs in young: red urine, fever, anorexia, dyspnea, anemia; signs in adults: abortion, stillbirth, low milk production, fever, icterus name the dz
term for jaundice
EWE, EEE, West Nile, Tetanus, and Rabies are core vaccines for what species?
causes inflammation of spinal cord, reservoirs are wild birds and rodents, vector is mosquitos, name the dz (several possible)
Disease that causes sawhorse stancename dz
raccoon, bat, skunk, and fox are reservoirs, always fatal, salivary transmission, virusname dz
Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper virus, and Adenovirus-2 are core vaccines of what species?
common cause of infectious enteritis, survives years in environment, shed in environment 1-2 weeks post infection, tx is supportive carename dz
highly contagious respiratory, gi, and nervous system dz, airborne, high mortality rate, signs include fever, oculo-nasal discharge, coughing, seizuresname dz
upper respiratory infection, can be cause of kennel cough, aerosol transmission, tracheobronchitisname dz
panleukopenia, rabies, herpesvirus, and calicivirus are core vaccines of what species?
feline viral rhinotracheitis, most common cause of bilateral conjunctivitis in kittens, usually respiratory disease present, aerosol and contact transmissionname dz
may cause mild conjunctivitis in kittens, highly contagious upper resp dz, kittens may develop arthritisname dz
highly contagious gastroenteritis, feline parvovirus, feline distemper, fever, dehydration, death, tx includes iv fluidsname dz
Clostridium perfringens C & D and tetanus are vaccines for what species?
Marek's dz, newcastle dz, and infectious bronchitis are vaccines of what species?
highly contagious tumor causing virus, paralysis of wings and legs, causes blindness, no tx, prevent by vaccinatingname dz
highly contagious virus, clinical signs vary, respiratory, neurologic, sudden death, humans exposed have flu-like dzname dz
highly contagious virus, resp and urogenital tract, coughing, nasal discharge, soft shell eggs, vaccinate to preventname dz
This species has no routine vaccinesname dz

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Created Sep 13, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:Animal Quiz, disease, exam

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