History Quiz / NAQT Russian Tsars

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Can you name these Russian Tsars?

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infoTsar
he has usually been seen as a nonentity dominated by Filaret and other relatives
dispatched several claimants to the throne and crushed a peasant uprising led by Emilian Pugachev.
the last of the Romanovs
increased censorship, tightened controls on Russia's universities, created a position of 'land captain' to exert state control in the countryside
increase the rule of law in the court system, eased censorship
Some even say that he didn't really die in 1825: instead, they argue, he faked his own death, became a hermit, and died in a monastery in 1864
He also led his country in the Great Northern War (in which Charles XII of Sweden was defeated at Poltava)
His government pursued a policy of Official Nationality, defending a holy trinity of 'Autocracy, Orthodoxy, and Nationality,'
an incapable monarch who helped bring about the end of the tsarist state
is famous both for his push for Westernization and for his boisterous personality
wasn't really a Russian at all and was chosen as the bride of the future Peter III
known for his loving marriage to Alexandra
became more reactionary after an attempted 1866 assassination and was assassinated in 1881.

In 1613, near the end of the Time of Troubles, a zemskii sobor elected the 16-year-old
pushed through a series of well-received reforms and called a zemskii sobor (or 'assembly of the land')
began his career as a boyar in Ivan the Terrible's oprichnina
took the throne in 1801 when his repressive father Paul was assassinated
embarked on a program of Great Reforms soon after taking the throne near the end of the Crimean War
oversaw the partition of Poland
participated in the torture of his enemies
had his own son executed
first cemented his influence by marrying a daughter of one of Ivan's court favorites and arranging his sister Irina's marriage to Ivan's son Fyodor
could also be violent and cruel: he personally participated in the torture of the streltsy, or musketeers, who rebelled against him,
encouraged or ignored the first anti-Jewish pogroms.

His Grand Embassy to Europe enabled him to learn about Western life (and even to work in a Dutch shipyard)
was a grandnephew of Ivan the Terrible's 'good' wife Anastasia and the son of a powerful churchman named Filaret (who soon became patriarch)
established a repressive secret police force known as the Third Section
infoTsar
introduced a system of local governing bodies called zemstvos
created a state-within-the-state called the oprichnina to wage war on the boyars
allowing the crazed monk Grigorii Rasputin to influence court politics
led his country through two disastrous wars, the Russo-Japanese War (which helped spark the Revolution of 1905), and World War I (which helped cause the 1917 revolutions.)
ruled Russia from the failure of the Decembrist Uprising to the middle of the Crimean War
was elected tsar when Fyodor (Ivan’s son) died in 1598
corresponded with Enlightenment philosophes
abdicated in 1917 and was shot in 1918.

launched his program of 'counter-reforms.'
his Russian nickname ('Groznyi') could be more accurately translated as 'awe-inspiring' or 'menacing.'
plunge the country into the subsequent period of civil strife known as the 'Time of Troubles.'
died in the midst of growing unrest and is now best known as the subject of a Pushkin play and a Mussorgsky opera.

election marked the return of relative stability and the succession of the Romanov dynasty
invited Western artisans to come to Russia, required the boyars to shave their beards and wear Western clothing, and even founded a new capital, St. Petersburg--his 'window on the
Contemporaries referred to him as the 'Gendarme of Europe' after he helped the Habsburgs squelch the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.

created a Table of Ranks for the nobility
eventually became unstable: he temporarily abdicated in 1564, killed his favorite son
, ruled until his overthrow in the February Revolution of 1917.
was proclaimed Grand Prince of Muscovy 1533 and tsar in 1547
granted charters of rights and obligations to the nobility and the towns
best known for his wars with Napoleon (first as an ally and then as an enemy)
Scholars differ on whether he was literate and on how auspiciously his reign began
was rumored to have arranged the murder of Fyodor's brother Dmitrii
lovers included Grigorii Potemkin
Under him, the state enacted a series of Temporary Regulations (giving it the power to crack down on terrorism)
She had thoroughly Russianized herself by the time Peter became tsar, and soon had him deposed

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