History Quiz / NAQT French Kings Separate Clues

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Can you name these French kings?

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He died before he could surpass or absolve his disastrous first campaign with another.

negotiated a peace with England that saw Henry III become his vassal
was motivated by a desire to govern Naples, which he had theoretically inherited
only canonized king of France.

Fighting and negotiating against Henry II, Richard I, and John of England
continuous Wars of Religion that pitted Catholics against Huguenots
short reign is remarkable for the enormous cost in men and money of his Italian campaign
He also took part in the famous Third Crusade (with Richard I and Frederick Barbarossa)
was assassinated by a crazed friar in 1589.

reigned for only three years, still had huge impact
He championed classical art, religious orthodoxy, and instituted a great program of building throughout France.
He led France against most of the rest of Europe to win the throne of Spain for his grandson (the War of the Spanish Succession).
established the systems of appanages (land grants) which replaced the older, local nobles with barons who owed their fiefs to the crown
Founder of the house of Bourbon
The Three Musketeers is set in the early years of his reign.

won back Normandy, Brittany, Anjou, and other territories
renounced Protestantism and accepted Catholicism in order to enter Paris and become king
early military victories (like the Battle of Marignano)
Known as the 'Sun King,' his 72-year-reign is the second longest in recorded history.
Sometimes working with his chief minister, Cardinal Richelieu, and sometimes against
led the Seventh Crusade that ended in military disaster
annexed Languedoc and captured Poitou from England
had an inauspicious start (before his reign even began) with having to ransom his father, John II, from England for three million crowns and most of southwestern France
His rivalry with Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire spelled his doom
help of Maximilien Sully he erased the national debt and removed much of the religious strife with the Edict of Nantes (1598).

Albigensian crusade to pave the way for the annexation of Languedoc by his successor.

was captured in battle in 1525 and held for a humiliating ransom.
short reign is remarkable for the number of his successors that to followed his catastrophic lead
turned France into the pre-eminent European power during his reign. This was largely achieved via French victories in the Thirty Years' War.
leading France's recovery from the devastation of the early period of the Hundred Years' War.

stabilized the French currency and is generally held to have reduced corruption in the kingdom
was the first of the great Capetian kings of France.
Wars continued after his release, but bankruptcy and religious strife laid France low
ighting Catholic opposition in the War of the Three Henries,
lavish court, and his support of luminaries like Leonardo da Vinci
with military advisor Bertrand du Guesclin, he recaptured lost territories from ransom
allowed for the subsequent rise in French royal (and national) power
struggles that arose when it became clear that he was going to be the last of the Valois line
The War of the Three Henries broke out after his brother died and the then-Protestant Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV) became heir
concluded alliances with Portugal, Spain, and Flanders,
after his ransoming remained in the Holy Land to successfully negotiate for what he couldn't win
became the heir to the throne when Henry III's brother died in 1584.
He died leading a crusade against Tunisia

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