History Quiz / NAQT French Kings Separate Clues

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Can you name these French kings?

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won back Normandy, Brittany, Anjou, and other territories
stabilized the French currency and is generally held to have reduced corruption in the kingdom
only canonized king of France.

Wars continued after his release, but bankruptcy and religious strife laid France low
with military advisor Bertrand du Guesclin, he recaptured lost territories from ransom
was assassinated by a crazed friar in 1589.

led the Seventh Crusade that ended in military disaster
The War of the Three Henries broke out after his brother died and the then-Protestant Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV) became heir
annexed Languedoc and captured Poitou from England
continuous Wars of Religion that pitted Catholics against Huguenots
became the heir to the throne when Henry III's brother died in 1584.
help of Maximilien Sully he erased the national debt and removed much of the religious strife with the Edict of Nantes (1598).

negotiated a peace with England that saw Henry III become his vassal
Albigensian crusade to pave the way for the annexation of Languedoc by his successor.

Founder of the house of Bourbon
ighting Catholic opposition in the War of the Three Henries,
Fighting and negotiating against Henry II, Richard I, and John of England
He championed classical art, religious orthodoxy, and instituted a great program of building throughout France.
Known as the 'Sun King,' his 72-year-reign is the second longest in recorded history.
struggles that arose when it became clear that he was going to be the last of the Valois line
lavish court, and his support of luminaries like Leonardo da Vinci
turned France into the pre-eminent European power during his reign. This was largely achieved via French victories in the Thirty Years' War.
was the first of the great Capetian kings of France.
His rivalry with Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire spelled his doom
The Three Musketeers is set in the early years of his reign.

renounced Protestantism and accepted Catholicism in order to enter Paris and become king
allowed for the subsequent rise in French royal (and national) power
He led France against most of the rest of Europe to win the throne of Spain for his grandson (the War of the Spanish Succession).
was motivated by a desire to govern Naples, which he had theoretically inherited
after his ransoming remained in the Holy Land to successfully negotiate for what he couldn't win
He also took part in the famous Third Crusade (with Richard I and Frederick Barbarossa)
short reign is remarkable for the enormous cost in men and money of his Italian campaign
Sometimes working with his chief minister, Cardinal Richelieu, and sometimes against
concluded alliances with Portugal, Spain, and Flanders,
established the systems of appanages (land grants) which replaced the older, local nobles with barons who owed their fiefs to the crown
He died before he could surpass or absolve his disastrous first campaign with another.

reigned for only three years, still had huge impact
was captured in battle in 1525 and held for a humiliating ransom.
early military victories (like the Battle of Marignano)
He died leading a crusade against Tunisia
had an inauspicious start (before his reign even began) with having to ransom his father, John II, from England for three million crowns and most of southwestern France
short reign is remarkable for the number of his successors that to followed his catastrophic lead
leading France's recovery from the devastation of the early period of the Hundred Years' War.

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