History Quiz / NAQT French Kings Separate Clues

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Can you name these French kings?

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led the Seventh Crusade that ended in military disaster
He died before he could surpass or absolve his disastrous first campaign with another.

had an inauspicious start (before his reign even began) with having to ransom his father, John II, from England for three million crowns and most of southwestern France
ighting Catholic opposition in the War of the Three Henries,
concluded alliances with Portugal, Spain, and Flanders,
leading France's recovery from the devastation of the early period of the Hundred Years' War.

short reign is remarkable for the number of his successors that to followed his catastrophic lead
The Three Musketeers is set in the early years of his reign.

allowed for the subsequent rise in French royal (and national) power
Fighting and negotiating against Henry II, Richard I, and John of England
The War of the Three Henries broke out after his brother died and the then-Protestant Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV) became heir
annexed Languedoc and captured Poitou from England
established the systems of appanages (land grants) which replaced the older, local nobles with barons who owed their fiefs to the crown
won back Normandy, Brittany, Anjou, and other territories
He died leading a crusade against Tunisia
with military advisor Bertrand du Guesclin, he recaptured lost territories from ransom
struggles that arose when it became clear that he was going to be the last of the Valois line
He championed classical art, religious orthodoxy, and instituted a great program of building throughout France.
became the heir to the throne when Henry III's brother died in 1584.
turned France into the pre-eminent European power during his reign. This was largely achieved via French victories in the Thirty Years' War.
only canonized king of France.

after his ransoming remained in the Holy Land to successfully negotiate for what he couldn't win
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renounced Protestantism and accepted Catholicism in order to enter Paris and become king
negotiated a peace with England that saw Henry III become his vassal
was captured in battle in 1525 and held for a humiliating ransom.
Wars continued after his release, but bankruptcy and religious strife laid France low
lavish court, and his support of luminaries like Leonardo da Vinci
reigned for only three years, still had huge impact
Founder of the house of Bourbon
continuous Wars of Religion that pitted Catholics against Huguenots
He led France against most of the rest of Europe to win the throne of Spain for his grandson (the War of the Spanish Succession).
was motivated by a desire to govern Naples, which he had theoretically inherited
early military victories (like the Battle of Marignano)
was assassinated by a crazed friar in 1589.

was the first of the great Capetian kings of France.
Known as the 'Sun King,' his 72-year-reign is the second longest in recorded history.
short reign is remarkable for the enormous cost in men and money of his Italian campaign
help of Maximilien Sully he erased the national debt and removed much of the religious strife with the Edict of Nantes (1598).

Sometimes working with his chief minister, Cardinal Richelieu, and sometimes against
He also took part in the famous Third Crusade (with Richard I and Frederick Barbarossa)
Albigensian crusade to pave the way for the annexation of Languedoc by his successor.

stabilized the French currency and is generally held to have reduced corruption in the kingdom
His rivalry with Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire spelled his doom

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