Energy difference between the second S and P orbitals of the hydrogen atom due to vacuum interactions with the electron

Phase of matter which displays long range ordering of fluid molecules; present in the displays of many calculators

Temperature of 2.17 Kelvin at standard pressure below which helium transitions to a superfluid phase

Unit of length equal to the distance a photon travels in roughly 365 days

Prolific scientist who formulated a theory of second-order phase transitions, a theory of superconductivity with Ginzburg and a namesake damping in plasmas

Term describing an interval between two events which have their spatial distances equal to their temporal distances

Second-order differential equation based on Newton's Second Law and employed to model Brownian motion

Interaction between neutral molecules or atoms which contains terms depending on the -6th and -12th powers of the distance between them

The rotational movement of the magnetic moment of a subatomic particle about some fixed axis

Several-kilometer-long interferometers used to detect gravitational waves

Class of spin-1/2 particles that includes the electron, muon and their corresponding neutrinos

Measure of a dynamical system equal to the system's kinetic energy minus its potential energy

An induced voltage gives rise to a current whose magnetic field opposes the direction of the induced magnetic flux

Equation relating the focal length of a refractive object with its radii of curvature and its index of refraction

Term describing fluid flow in which the fluid moves smoothly in layers with no disruption between them

Model describing the behavior of particles confined in a one-dimensional conducting wire

Thin molecular structure formed by the spreading of insoluble molecules on the surface of water

Term describing a wave that moves in the same direction as its oscillations; sound waves are an example

Upward-pointing force integral for pushing aircraft from the ground

Massive particle accelerator in Geneva, Switzerland which had a major role in finding evidence for the Higgs Boson

Manhattan Project scientist who earlier help develop the first cyclotron; element 103 bears his name

Amount of energy absorbed or released during phase changes

Device that produces a coherent beam via the amplification of light that has undergone stimulated emission

Theorist whose transformation equations allow the speed of light to remain constant in all reference frames

Measure of the amount of energy emitted by an astronomical body over time; it is directly related to the object's brightness

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