Base SI unit of mass defined using a standardized object made of a platinum-iridium alloy

String theorist and science outreach advocate whose popular publications explain physics of the future and of the 'impossible'

A temperature-dependent change in the resistivity of a metal due to electrons scattering off of magnetic impurities

Astronomical body with a Schwartzchild radius that has the property of being uncharged while also rotating

The orbit of a planet around a star is elliptical with the star located at one of the foci

Approximation in quantum mechanics in which electrons are treated as non-interacting but move according to an analogous effective potential

Any number of formulas which relate the position, velocity and/or acceleration of an object without regard to forces involved

Nuclear decay mechanism in which a proton absorbs an inner shell electron and thus becomes a neutron

Scientist who with Heisenberg devised a formula for light scattering off atomic electrons

The potential difference across a closed network in a circuit is equal to the potential supplied by a battery in that network

Exotic particle formed in cosmic ray scattering that consists of bound pairs of strange quarks and up or down quarks

Fundamental unit of temperature which when zero defines absolute zero

Phenomenon in which the index of refraction of a material changes in proportional to the square of an applied electric field

Quantity describing the amount of work needed to accelerate an object to a specified velocity

Useful regime in material physics in which crystalline materials are studied in the reciprocal lattice rather than the physical one

Early extension of general relativity into a five-dimensional spacetime in order to unify the gravitational and electromagnetic fores

Mathematical formula which gives the imaginary part of a complex function given the real part or vice-versa

Scientist who devises spectroscopic laws of absorption and emission as well as a law equating the current flowing in and out of a circuit junction

Mathematician who lends his name to the smallest scales of turbulent fluid flow as well as a theory showing the effect of small perturbations on classical systems

The square of the period of an object orbiting a celestial body is directly proportional to the cube of the orbit's semi-major axis

Simplistic treatment of a one-dimensional lattice in which atoms in the chain are treated as periodic rectangular wells

Dimensionless ration of the mean free path of a gas molecule to some characteristic length scale of a system

Turbulent flow generated by shear drag occurring at the interface of two fluids; seen beautifully in cloud patterns on giant gas planets

Hawaiian facility boasting a massive 10-meter wide reflecting telescope composed of 36 hexagonal segments

Extension of the Schrodinger equation for relativistic, spinless particles

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