Dimensionless quanity differentiating the neutron and proton for strong force interactions

Technique in which charged conducting surfaces are replaced by an equivalent system of point charges for ease of calculation

Term describing a change in a system that occurs at constant pressure

Collection of dust, ions and molecular debris permeating the 'vacuum' of outer space

Analytical technique which exploits the superposition of waves to determine various quantities; often uses to measure small distances

The change in the critical temperature of a superconductor based on the mass of the elements in the material

Iconic elementary physics problem used to hammer home concepts in coordinate rotation and vector components

PV = NRT

Property of a light source in which it emits radiation equally in all directions

Property of a fluid such that the divergence of its velocity field is zero at all points

Analytical technique in which modes of molecular motion can be determined through the absorption of low frequency light

Term describing a change in a system under constant volume

Property of a system to remain the same under transformations such as to other points in time and/or space

Component of an electric circuit which can store energy in a magnetic field generated by the circuit's component -- represented as a coil in diagrams

Exponential expansion of the volume of space in the early universe

Method for studying magnetic systems by placing atomic spins on a lattice

Interaction between two or more objects in which momentum but not energy is conserved

Overgeneral astronomical term describing solid state forms of ammonia, ethane and water among other chemicals

Generalized version of electrical resistance; takes on imaginary values for capacitance and inductance based sources

Hypothetical region of the periodic table in which transuranium elements are expected to have relatively longer half-lives

The change in momentum of an object under the influence of a force; also defined as the integral of force with respect to time

Mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics in which both the wavefunctions and operators can evolve in time

The property of an object to resist changes in motion

Term describing a thermodynamic process which increases the total amount of entropy in the universe

The ratio of the speed of light in a vacuum to the speed of light within a medium; determines the degree at which light will 'bend' in a medium

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