Just For Fun Quiz / AS Computing revision

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Can you name the AS Computing related terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Someone who processes data on behalf of a data controller.
Data that takes the form of discrete values.
A high-level programming language designed to teach students structured programming.
Allows the CPU to communicate with peripherals.
A software process that provides a service requested by a client.
Universally known port numbers used by servers; they lie in the range 0 to 1023.
Pulse Code Modulation; a process for coding sampled analogue signals by recording the height of each sample in a binary electrical equivalent.
A group of 8 bits.
Breaks a problem into smaller problems that are easier to work on.
An operation that assigns a value to a variable.
A desired outcome.
Uniform Resource Identifier; specifies how to access a resource on the internet.
A value that does not change throughout the program.
Comma-Separated Values files; a text file with one record per line and the fields of each record separated by commas.
The output is the inverse of the input.
When a program does not compile because of a syntax error or textual errors.
A location in memory that contains one or more data values.
The main highway connecting the processor, main memory and I/O controllers; it is made up of a data bus, an address bus and a control bus.
A combination of a host IP address and a port number.
A routine that does not return a value; a procedure call is a statement in it’s own right, not part of an expression.
A very fast memory location inside the processor or I/O controller.
A document on the World Wide Web written in HTML and displayed in a web browser.
Used to select any HTNL element that has a class attribute.
A unique name given to a variable, a procedure, a function, etc.
A sequence of printable characters, organised line by line; it can be opened and read in a text editor.
The study of a complex process in order to improve its efficiency.
An electrical signal with voltage changes that are abrupt or in discrete steps.
The part of a machine code instruction that denotes the basic machine operation, e.g. ADD.
The number of signal wires or lines allocated to the bus.
The process of breaking a problem down through successive steps into smaller problems.
Musical Information Digital Interface; a way of representing the sounds made by an instrument.
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory; its contents may be altered but writing is about 100 times slower than reading.
A way of describing an FSM graphically. Each state is represented by a circle and each transition by an arrow labelled with the input that causes the transition plus any output res
A data structure that groups a number of variables.
A step or sequence of steps that are repeated until some condition is satisfied or while some condition is satisfied.
Software that displays a web page by rendering the HTML elements.
Software designed to support one specific task.
An indented, numbered list of steps produced by stepwise refinement.
A number with a decimal point and a fractional part.
Translate assembly language program into machine code.
A network of computer networks and computers using unique IP addresses and TCP/IP.
A selector that is an HTML tag; it targets every instance of an element.
A system that does not involve computers.
An initial situation.
A description, independent of any programming language, of a process that achieves some task. It is a step-by-step procedure for solving a problem.
A number system that uses two digits, 0 and 1.
The difference between the original amplitude and it’s sampled value.
Written for a customer’s specific need.
Data that takes the form of discrete values.
Sample at a frequency at least twice the rate of the highest frequency in the sampled signal.
Random Access Memory; volatile main memory in which the locations can be accessed directly in any order with the same access time for all writing and reading operations.
A set of system objectives.
A named field that appears inside an HTML tag.
The part of the routine that lists the parameters used to pass data into and out of the routine.
Use digital means to generate audio signals resembling instrument sounds of the human voice.
A quantity expressed as the number of pixels per row by the number of pixels per column.
The output is true if either or both inputs are true.
A subdivision of a track.
An ordered set of values.
A hardware unit that sends or receives data or stores data by communicating with the processor and main memory through an I/O controller.
A visual effect such as text colour, font size or background colour.
A table that shows the outcome for a given logical condition.
A+B=(A'.B')' and A.B=(A'+B')'
Placeholders for variables supplied at call time.
An electrical signal that varies in a continuous manner.
A careful step-by-step simulation on paper of how an algorithm would be executed by a computer.
Analyses and executes a high-level program a line at a time.
DefinitionTerm
A name that identifies one or more IP addresses, e.g. the domain name Microsoft.com represents several IP addresses.
The time from the start of one storage device access to the time when the next access can be started.
Connects networks that use the same link layer protocol.
A set of parallel wires connecting independent components of a computer system.
The starting page for a web site; it often has links to other parts of the site.
Someone who determines why and how personal data is processed.
A software process that requests and uses the service provided by a server.
A machine that consists of a fixed set of possible states with a set of allowable inputs that change the state and a set of possible outputs.
Data that relates to a living individual who can be identified from it.
A unique numeric code corresponding to a location in memory.
Analogue-to-Digital Converter; converts an analogue signal into an equivalent digital signal.
Permanent storage memory not directly connected to the processor; also called backing storage.
When the program crashes or gets stuck in a loop.
A number system that uses the digits 0 to 9 and the letters A to F.
A language that has English-like keywords and commands to express the basic constructs of sequence, selection (decision) and repetition (iteration).
Can be one of two possible values, True or False.
Handles the details of a particular networking application, e.g. a web browser using HTTP.
Consists of sequences of instructions called programs that can be understood and executed by hardware.
A program must be resident in main memory to be executed; it is processed by fetching machine code instructions in sequence from main memory and executing them, one at a time, in t
The number of digits in a binary word.
Of a processor, the frequency in megahertz or gigahertz at which the processor executes instructions.
Data passes both ways at the same time.
Illegally breaking into a computer system.
A decision-making step.
Protects how something looks.
Consecutive steps or groups of steps processed one after another in the order that they arise.
A number system that uses the digits 0 to 9.
A variable declared at the beginning of a program and accessible from anywhere in the program.
A binary digit; it can be 0 or 1.
Any letter, numeral or symbol in the given character set, such as the ASCII character set.
Memory that is directly addressable by the processor.
Measures what can and cannot be computed.
The act or process of calculating or determining something by mathematical, logical or interactive methods.
Code that resembles a programming language but that uses less strict syntax to express an algorithm and s independent of any real programming language.
Contains mostly unprintable characters.
The part of machine code instruction that represents a single item of binary data or the address of a single item of binary data.
A separate addressable area of main memory.
Returns True or False.
A unique address that identifies a computer or other electronic device on a network.
The output is true if any input is false.
Connects networks that use different link layer protocols.
A system that is unlikely to malfunction.
Defines an ordered set of values such as integer, character, Boolean and enumerated types; real numbers are not of ordinal type.
Translates high level language code into object code. Or. A program that translates source code into executable object code.
A group of bytes.
A server that translates fully qualified domain names into IP addresses.
An address for a software process.
A protocol stack for TCP/IP; it has an application layer, a transport layer, a network layer and a link layer.
NOT, AND, OR.
A list of planned tests with their data or referring to a set of test data.
The study of natural and artificial information processes.
Protects how an invention works or what it does.
Updating a program to correct faults or improve features.
Software where the owner places restrictions on its use, copying and modification.
May have two discrete possible values, e.g. true or false.
An electronic circuit that connects to a systems bus and an I/O device; it provides the correct voltages and currents for the system bus and the I/O device.
Fully Qualified Domain Name; it consists of a host ID and domain name.
Things that can be used to reach a goal and impose constraints.
A high-level programming language that took the language Basic and redefined it to work with Microsoft’s .Net framework.
Handles all the physical details of interfacing with the cable including the network interface card and a device driver.
Adds source and destination IP addresses to packets on their way from the transport layer to the link layer, and removes source and destination IP addresses from packets on their w
One of the concentric rings on a platter of a hard disk.
Record geometric and other information about the objects that make up an image.
The set of a bit patterns or binary codes for the machine operations that a processor has been designed to perform.
A description in a programming language of a process that achieves some useful result.
A computer device that is not part of the CPU. It can be external (e.g. mouse, keyboard, printer, monitor, memory stick or scanner) or internal, such as a CD-ROM drive.
When the programmer has made a mistake and the program output is incorrect.
DefinitionTerm
A sequence of zero or more characters.
The output is true if either input is true but not if both inputs are true.
An equation that expresses a Boolean output Q in terms of Boolean inputs X,Y,Z, etc., to which one or more Boolean functions, such as OR, AND and NOT, are applied.
Illegally breaking into a computer system; programming in an unstructured way.
An individual who is the subject of personal data.
A whole number
The output is true if all inputs are true.
A branch of computing that studies the use f computers to perform computational processes normally associated with the human intellect.
A whole composed of parts in orderly arrangement.
Heading, paragraphs, line breaks, hypertext links, lists and embedded media.
Something that shows the data entered and the result from the program, e.g. a screenshot.
Of a vector graphic object, describes things such as the size, direction, thickness, shading, font size or typeface.
Hypertext Markup Language; the language used to write web pages. It consists of text that defines the content of the page and tags that define how the content should be structured.
A program that runs in a text-based window into which the user types and which displays text output from the computer.
A link from one web page to another; a hypertext link.
The list of drawing commands that recreate a vector graphic.
The output is true only when all inputs are false.
The variable inside the routine uses a reference to the source memory location. The reference is the variable passed as a parameter.
A given where it is not immediately obvious how to reach the goal.
A check made by a program to see that the data entered is reasonable.
Pulsed Amplitude Modulation; a process that samples analogue signals at regular time intervals and produces electrical pulses of height proportional to the original signal’s ampl
A variable that is part of a record.
A set of agreed signals, codes and rules for data exchange between systems.
A system for representing negative numbers.
A client software process initiates a request for a service from a server software process, and the server responds to that request.
Used to challenge assumptions, establish facts and rules and define the boundaries of problem solving.
The HTML code to create a web page.
Read-Only Memory; non-volatile main memory that cannot be written to once it is set up.
Uniform Resource Locator; a URI that identifies a resource by it’s network location.
A register not assigned a specific role by the processor designer. Programmers may use general-purpose registers.
A binary code that a machine can understand and execute.
Created when the pixels of an image are mapped to positions in memory that store binary codes representing the colour of each pixel.
A high-level programming language based on C++ and developed specifically for Microsoft’s .Net framework.
Electronic/electrical circuits that a computer is assembled from. The platform in which the software executes.
Returns only the whole number part of a division.
Universal Serial Bus; allows peripherals to be connected using a standard interface socket.
The smallest addressable area or smallest solid block of colour in an image.
A component of a vector graphic, such as a line, a rectangle or a circle.
A variable declared in a program block and accessible only within the program block.
A very restricted subset of the English Language.
A collection of protocol layers; each layer is responsible for part of the process governed by the stack.
The number of bits used to represent the colour of a single pixel in a bitmapped image.
Application of control technologies to limit the use of digital media.
A set of linked documents associated with a particular person, organisation or topic that is held on a computer system and can be accessed as part of the World Wide Web.
A private computer network used to share information or operations within an organisation.
Protects the name or logo used to identify a business or product.
An electronic circuit that performs a Boolean function.
A table that shows the result of applying the logical function to all possible combinations of inputs.
A routine that is called as part of an expression and returns a value.
Software that can be used for many different tasks.
A body of text, graphics, etc., stored in a machine-readable form and structured so that a reader can cross-refer between related items of information.
Protects material, such as literature, art, music, sound recordings, films and broadcasts.
Squeezes data into a smaller number of bytes than the data would occupy if uncompressed.
Digital-to-Analogue Converter; converts a digital signal into an equivalent analogue signal.
Establishing the limits or rules about what can and cannot be done when solving a problem. These limits are a type of constraint.
A register assigned a specific role by the processor designer. Programmers may use some but not all dedicated registers.
Temporary port numbers used by client processes; they lie in the range 49152 to 65535.
A collection of values of the same ordinal type with no associated order.
Without guessing a solution before confirming it.
A program translated into machine code before it is executed on a digital computer.
The smallest unit of transfer between a computer and a disk; a disk sector.
The value of the calling code’s variable is copied to the routine’s parameter.
A self-contained entity that results when a problem is divided into sub problems; each module corresponds to a sub problem.
Shows the effect on the current state of an FSM of particular inputs and any corresponding output.
A quantity expressed as the number of dots/pixels per inch or centimetre.

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