Science Quiz / Let's Talk About Sex (Animal Reproductive Pathology)

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Answer these questions related to reproductive pathology in veterinary species.

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HintAnswer
In MARES, ovarian epithelial cells are entrapped in the ovary, leading to ___________
Cystic corpus luteum in SOWS or COWS is caused by delayed or insufficient release of which hormone?
Ingestion of what type of plant in COWS and SHEEP can lead to endometrial hyperplasia?
An abnormality in which all or some of the uterine horn never developed is known as ___________
An animal has two testes with a well-developed uterus, cervix, and vagina and lack of ovarian tissue. This condition is known as _________.
Infectious pustular vulvovaginitis in COWS is caused by __________
This type of ovarian neoplasm have cells that represent all three germ lines (ectoderm, endoderm, myoderm).
Upon overiohysterectomy of a BITCH, you notice a well-circumscribed, firm mass in the left uterine horn. This mass is made of smooth muscle and connective tissue. What is your diag
Which layer(s) of the uterus does metritis affect?
What type of tumor is the most common ovarian neoplasm in large animals?
Lymphoma in COWS is often caused by ___________
Twins of opposite sexes in CATTLE often results in a condition called _________ in which the female develops abnormalities.
True or False: Fusobacterium sp. cause pyometra in COWS.
Hypocalcemia, retained placenta, and prolonged dystocia are all predisposing factors for development of ________ in CATTLE.
True or False: Uterus neoplasms are common in domestic animals.
What disease does Taylorella equigenitalis cause in HORSES?
After ovulation, blood fills the recently-ruptured follicle. This structure is known as the ___________
Ingestion of zearalenone (a mycotoxin found in moldy feed) by PIGS can cause which condition?
________ induces immunosuppression by inhibiting lymphocyte proliferation, leading to increased susceptibility for metritis.
Periovarian cysts are also known as ____________
_______ in DOGS is characterized by prolonged bloody vaginal discharge after whelping. Histopathology reveals large syncytial cells perforating the myometrium.
Cystic endometrial hyperplasia in a BITCH is due to influence of __________ after estrus
Cystic endometrial hyperplasia in a BITCH may provide a suitable environment for bacteria to grow, leading to __________
_______ is the condition in which half of the body is male and half is female.
In CATTLE pregnant with opposite-sex twins, do the gonads of the male or female develop first?
The vaginal discharge after birthing that contains blood, mucus, and uterine tissue is known as ________
What is the most common bacterial cause of pyometra in HORSES?
HintAnswer
Does clover disease in EWES cause increased or decreased myometrial tone?
True or False: Arcanobacterium pyogenes commonly causes pyometra in HORSES.
Is uterine torsion more common in pregnant or non-pregnant animals?
From which layer of the uterus do leiomyomas originate?
What type of cell does Bovine Herpes Virus 1 typically invade?
True or False: DOGS and CATS can get papillary adenocarcinomas.
Tricolor male CATS with testicular hypoplasia have what type of sex chromosome disorder?
Are papillary adenocarcinomas in DOGS more often benign or malignant?
The accumulation of suppurative fluid in the uterus is known as _________.
An old, intact BITCH that has never been bred developed PU/PD, began vomiting, and became anorexic a few weeks after estrus. What does she likely have?
What species is affected by subinvolution of placental sites (SIPS)?
True or False: Vulva hypertrophy commonly occurs during estrus in PIGS.
Which gene, located on the Y chromosome, leads to the development of the male phenotype?
True or False: COWS with cystic corpus lutea usually produce enough progesterone to maintain pregnancy.
You notice a mass protruding from the vagina of a CAT. This mass is pedunculated and molded to the uterine lumen. What type of mass is this?
During which phase of the estrus cycle is the uterus most susceptible to infection?
This organism is a protozoal parasite that can be transmitted through coitus and cause metritis in CATTLE.
What tumor is transmitted during coitus in DOGS, found in the Southern United States, and is located most commonly on external genitalia?
In which species does pyometra cause a small amount of pus to leak into the anterior vagina due to no mucous seal on the cervix?
In males, the ________ duct turns into the genital tract.
What is the most common cause of uterine prolapse in EWES?
Are granulosa cell tumors usually malignant or benign in QUEENS?
Which layer(s) of the uterus does endometritis affect?
Equine coital exanthema is caused by ____________ in HORSES
True or False: Ovarian cysts are incidental findings in DOGS with little consequences.
What is the most common bacterial cause of pyometra in the BITCH?
Vaginal prolapse due to zearalenone toxicity is due to which fungus?
HintAnswer
Periovarian cysts are cystic remnants of which structure?
Upon ovariohysterectomy of a bitch, you notice the ovary has hair, cartilage and bone in it. What is your top differential?
True or False: Aspergillus is a cause of metritis in CATTLE.
A functional sex cord stromal neoplasm with release of __________ can cause male traits or stallion-like behavior in MARES.
Inflammation of the uterus is known as _______
Will an animal with a XX genotype with the SRY gene translocated to the X chromosome be phenotypically male or female?
Persistence of the medial walls of the uterus resulting in duplication of the cervix is known as _______
Will a genotypically XY animal with lack of functional androgen receptors have male or female external genitalia?
A _____ is characterized by a persistent membrane in the zone of fusion of paramesonephric duct with the urogenital sinus
Hyperestrogenism secondary to mycotoxicosis, hyperestrogenism due to ovarian tumors, and physiologic swelling during estrus are all causes of ___________ in SOWS
This G- coccobacillus bacteria causes temporary infertility and mucopurulent discharge in MARES and is a reportable disease.
The sex chromosome disorder with a genotype of XX/XY is known as _________
You find bilateral, cauliflower-like masses on both ovaries of a DOG. You also notice it has metastesized throughout the abdominal cavity. What is your top differential?
A female COW has ovotestes, vesicular glands, a short non-patent vagina, and an enlarged clitoris with a prominent tuft of hair. What condition does she likely have?
Infectious pustular vulvovaginitis in CATTLE is transmitted via ________
In which species does pyometra cause copious amounts of purulent discharge since the cervix is often not closed?
In what species are uterine prolapses fairly common?
An animal with ambiguous genitalia with BOTH gonadal tissues is known as a _____________
Uterine cysts are believed to arise from ________ cells trapped within serosal connective tissue.
In females, the ________duct turns into the genital tract.
Are granulosa cell tumors usually malignant or benign in LARGE ANIMALS?
Endometrial hyperplasia in COWS, EWES and SOWS results from chronic ________ stimulation.
When the myometrium is infiltrated by endometrial stroma and glands is known as _________
The sex chromosome disorder with a genotype of X_ is known as ______ syndrome.
Large, full-thickness ulcers around the perineum and on the vulvar skin that heal with depigmented regions in HORSES is typical of what disease?
Presence of cystic Graafian follicles in COWS in which ovulation does not occur is known as __________
A functional sex cord stromal neoplasm with release of __________ can cause cystic endometrial hyperplasia in a BITCH.

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