Science Quiz / How Can You Mend an Animal's Broken Heart? II

Random Science or Animal Quiz

Answer these questions related to cardiac pathology in veterinary species.

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Which valve is most commonly affected by endocarditis in DOGS?
Pieces of thrombi can break off and form ______.
True or False: Endocardiosis is one of the leading causes of congestive heart failure in DOGS.
True or False: COWS with ventricular septal defects can cause eccentric and concentric hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
Dilation of a blood vessel is known as an _______
True or False: Streptococcus spp. are common causes of endocarditis in COWS.
Is right ventricular concentric hypertrophy a primary or secondary defect in Tetralogy of Fallot?
Do ventricular septal defects in DOGS typically lead to more left- or right-sided changes in the heart?
In a normal animal, does the right or left aortic arch turn into the aorta?
DOGS with cardiac disease are often put on antibiotics prior to a dental cleaning due to the large amount of bacteria that is released. This is done to prevent development of _____
If plaques break off of the valve in ____-sided endocarditis, the septic emboli will lodge in the lungs and cause abscesses.
If plaques break off of the valve in ____-sided endocarditis, the bacterial emboli will cause infarcts in the kidney and spleen.
Are thrombi more granular or smooth?
True or False: Endocarditis can cause congestive heart failure due to leakage of valves.
The fetal ductus arteriosus should normally close and form the _________ in an adult animal.
In valvular stenosis, is the band of fibrous tissue typically above or underneath the valve?
What breed of DOG has a predisposition for developing endocardiosis?
True or False: Endocardiosis occurs more often in large breed dogs.
Lipid deposition with necrosis and fibrosis of the arterial wall is known as ________
True or False: An animal with left-to-right shunting will present as cyanotic.
True or False: Ventricular septal defects in COWS often causes increased volume and pressure on the right side of the heart, leading to right-sided heart failure.
Polyarteritis nodosa in DOGS is known as ___________
Reversal of blood flow from right to left through a ventricular septal defect due to increased right-sided pressure is known as ____________
For vertebral heart score, do you measure the heart on lateral or VD view for a CAT?
Does valvular stenosis lead to concentric or eccentric hypertrophy?
A DOG presents on necropsy with its aortic valve covered in rough, friable, yellow-white masses made of bacteria, fibrin and neutrophils. Name the condition.
True or False: Endocarditis is most often caused by a virus.
True or False: Patent ductus arteriosus causes left ventricular concentric hypertrophy.
A single, dark-red nodule on the valves of a calf's heart is an incidental finding known as a __________.
Fibrinous necrosis of arteries with inflammatory cells and fibrosis in the vessel walls that is caused by rogue immune cells is known as __________
True or False: Endocarditis only occurs in COWS and PIGS.
True or False: Arcanobacterium pyogenes is a common cause for endocarditis in COWS.
For vertebral heart score, do you measure the heart on lateral or VD view for a DOG?
Megaesophagus is a common sequelae of __________ because a stricture is formed around the esophagus.
Endothelial injury, alteration in blood flow, and hypercoagulability can all lead to ______ formation.
Are chicken fat clots postmortem or antemortem?
_____ are layers of fibrin, erythrocytes, and leukocytes that adhere to vessel walls.
Pulmonic stenosis, overriding aorta, high VSD, and right ventricular concentric hypertrophy are defects associated with __________.
True or False: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a common cause of endocarditis in PIGS.
True or False: Patent ductus arteriosus is the most common cardiac defect in COWS.
A DOG presents on necropsy with thickened valves with smooth, shiny, firm nodular lesions. This is known as _______.
Vasculitis often manifests as _______ grossly.
True or False: COWS with ventricular septal defects will often present with dilated left ventricles.
Hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, and endothelial damage are all predisposing factors for __________ in DOGS
True or False: Endocardiosis always leads to heart failure.
Secondary right-sided heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension is known as ________
Strongylus vulgaris causes vasculitis in the ________ artery in horses.
Age-related hardening of arteries is known as ____________
True or False: Dirofilaria immitis is a common cause of vasculitis in DOGS.
True or False: Cardiac defects and valvular anomalies are common in domestic animals.
True or False: Endocardiosis most commonly occurs in DOGS, but can also occur in other animals.
Endocardiosis can prevent the valves from fully shutting. This can cause regurgitation & turbulence, causing a rough patch in the endothelium. The lesion for this is known as a ___
True or False: E. coli is a common cause of endocarditis in COWS.

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