Science Quiz / How Can You Mend an Animal's Broken Heart?

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Answer these questions related to cardiac pathology in veterinary species.

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What color will the lungs appear in a DOG with chronic left-sided heart failure?
Concentric hypertrophy is due to increased __________ in the heart chamber.
During chronic right-sided heart failure, blood backs up in the _________ regions of the liver.
True or False: Decreased oncotic pressure causes fluid to leak from vessels.
On necropsy of a DOG, you find a very dark red and heavy liver. What sided heart failure is likely the cause?
Numerous COWS on a farm died suddenly due to vasculitis and secondary papillary muscle necrosis. The likely agent of this condition is _________.
True or False: Blood clots and thrombi are not common sequelae of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Most common manifestation of chronic right-sided heart failure in a CAT
Aortic tears in HORSES and ruptures of right atrial hemangiosarcomas in DOGS can cause ____________.
The epicardium of birds and reptiles can feel gritty due to deposition of urates. This condition is known as _______
True or False: Neoplasia, inflammation, and necrosis in the myocardium can all look the same grossly.
True or False: Chylothorax is a common sequelae of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in CATS
True or False: Chemodectomas often metastesize.
Vitamin E/Selenium deficiency causes ___________ in PIG hearts.
Decreased cardiac output is sensed by the __________ in the kidney.
These insects commonly cause myocardial necrosis in HORSES when ingested.
Most common manifestation of chronic right-sided heart failure in a HORSE
True or False: Decreased hydrostatic pressure causes fluid to leak from vessels.
When an animal has been starving for a long time, the last fat store to be used up is the cardiac fat. When this fat is used up, the condition is known as ___________.
Centrilobular congestion and fibrosis with hemosiderin-laden macrophages in the liver is known as ___________.
Chemodectomas arise from the _________.
A thrombus located at the bifurcation of the aorta is known as a ___________.
'Heart base tumors' are also known as ___________.
Acute left-sided heart failure causes ________ congestion.
Chronic fibrinous pericarditis can lead to ________ if left untreated for a long time. Fibroblasts will be present and produce collagen.
HintAnswer
True or False: Cardiomyopathies are primary processes.
A very young PUPPY presents with myocardial necrosis. Name the MOST LIKELY cause of this condition.
True or False: Hyperthyroidism in CATS can cause myocardial hypertrophy.
Fungal myocarditis and myocarditis caused by Mycoplasma sp. tend to incite a __________ response in the heart.
True or False: Acute left-sided heart failure causes pulmonary edema.
When a cow ingests a nail, it gets lodged in the _________ and can puncture through the diaphragm and pericardium to cause hardware disease.
True or False: Brachycephalic DOGS are less likely to develop chemodectomas.
On necropsy of a DOG, you find a very dark red and heavy liver. Is it likely due to chronic or acute heart failure?
_______ is the lesion of acute heart failure.
Myofiber disarray and fibrosis are histologic signs of __________ in CATS.
True or False: A common cause of fibrinous pericarditis in HORSES is Streptococcus equi.
Dilated cardiomyopathy can be seen in cats with ________ deficiency.
Bacterial infections usually cause fibrinous pericarditis in animals. However, this virus of veterinary importance can also cause fibrinous pericarditis.
True or False: Lymphatic blockage can cause fluid to leak from vessels.
Does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy cause HIGH or LOW ventricular filling?
Acute right-sided heart failure causes ________ congestion.
True or False: Inflammation can cause fluid to leak from vessels.
True or False: Cutaneous hemangiomas in DOGS are often malignant.
Most common manifestation of chronic right-sided heart failure in a DOG
The aortic body senses ________ of the blood
True or False: Chronic left-sided heart failure causes pulmonary edema.
Clostridium chauveoi produces this toxin, which causes myocardial necrosis and hemorrhage in the condition known as blackleg.
Most common manifestation of chronic right-sided heart failure in a COW
Eccentric hypertrophy is due to increased __________ in the heart chamber.
On histopath, you notice that the patient suffered from an eosinophilic myocarditis, and you find protozoans throughout the myocardium. Give the genus of the likely protozoal agent

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