Science Quiz / Breathe, Just Breathe! (Animal Respiratory Pathology)

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QUIZ: Answer these questions related to respiratory pathology in veterinary species.

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HintAnswer
CATS with grass awns that get into the thoracic cavity can lead to _______
The _________ is a mechanical defense mechanism that produces mucous and moves it up the respiratory tract to be coughed out.
Chylothorax prevents the lungs from expanding, leading to _________
Inflammation of the gutteral pouch is known as ________
During aspiration pneumonia, what color does gastric acid turn the lungs?
Does hydrothorax cause compressive or obstructive acquired atelectasis?
________ provide collateral air passage between alveoli, which help move air through the lungs if some alveoli become plugged.
On necropsy, you find multifocal flat, black areas throughout the lungs of a SHEEP. You determine it has no clinical significance. What is this condition called?
What cell type produces surfactant in the lungs?
What color should healthy lungs be?
Uremia and Vitamin D toxicity can lead to __________ of the thoracic pleura.
Alveolar collapse is known as ________
Aspiration pneumonia will have which type of pattern of pneumonia?
These cells hang out in the alveolar capillaries for any bloodborne pathogens from getting into the lungs.
Foam is made when ________ from the lungs interacts with air in the trachea.
Cilia have _________ that are normally arranged with 9 pairs on the periphery and 2 pairs in the center of the cilia.
Chronic passive congestion in the lungs leads to a ________ coloration.
Gangrene, pulmonary sequestra, fibrosis, pulmonary abscesses, and chronic pleuritis with adhesions are sequelae of ____________
Interstitial pneumonia is a more specific type of which other pattern of pneumonia?
Blood pooling to one lung after euthanasia (no clinical significance) is known as __________.
Chyle in the thoracic cavity is known as ________
HintAnswer
_____ cells detoxify and secrete anti-inflammatory mediators in the bronchi and bronchioles.
Fungal diseases typically cause which pattern of pneumonia?
What color does pneumonia manifest as in the lungs?
A frosted appearance of the thoracic pleura is due to __________
Club cell secretory protein loss in horses leads to _________
Secondary right-sided heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension is known as __________.
Surfactant reduces _______ in the alveoli
Air in the thoracic cavity is known as _________
What two associated lesions should you look for with aspiration pneumonia?
Foam in the trachea is a sign of _________.
COWS close their glottis and grunt when they are dying. This leads to air being unable to escape and causes alveolar septae to break, causing ________
When bronchioles heal improperly and form a fibrous polyp after damage, occluding the airway, this condition is known as ______________.
Inflammation of the nasal cavity is known as _______
True or False: Liver cirrhosis can lead to hydrothorax due to increased hydrostatic pressure.
Are Type I or Type II pneumocytes more cuboidal in morphology?
Blood in the thoracic cavity is known as ________.
Does an exudate have a high or low protein concentration?
A bright red coloration in the lung is indicative of ______.
True or False: Surfactant possesses antimicrobial substances.
Fibrosis in the lung shows up as a ______ color.
What two species lack pores of Kohn in their lungs?
HintAnswer
What type of lung pattern does neoplasia manifest as in the lungs?
True or False: Mycobacterium bovis can cause a multifocal pattern of granulomatous nodules in the lungs of a COW.
True or False: Obstructive atelectasis rarely occurs in PIGS.
A hypersensitivity reaction in the lungs will lead to which pattern of pneumonia?
Buildup of carbon pigment in the lungs is known as __________.
Fluid in the thoracic cavity is known as _________
The lungs may be brown in chronic passive congestion due to the build up of _______ in alveolar macrophages.
Toxins typically cause which pattern of pneumonia?
Inflammation of the lung is known as ______
Is atelectasis due to amniotic fluid plugging the airways congenital or acquired?
What cell type is responsible for gas exchange between alveoli and blood?
True or False: HORSES normally have thickened pleura in the caudodorsal area of the lungs.
True or False: Emphysema is a primary destruction of alveolar walls in animals.
True or False: Septic emboli to the lungs cannot form abscesses.
Areas of emphysema can coalesce to form ______. If these rupture, they can cause pneumothorax.
__________ is when microtubules are incorrectly arranged in cilia.
A cranioventral pattern is indicative of which type of pneumonia?
These lymph nodes are located near the bifurcation of the trachea.
Rib impressions are often seen with which type of pneumonia?
Dilation of the walls of bronchioles due to them being weakened by free radical damage is known as _________.
True or False: A multifocal pattern of pneumonia can be caused by aerogenous AND hematogenous routes.

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