Science Quiz / Breathe, Just Breathe! (Animal Respiratory Pathology)

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Answer these questions related to respiratory pathology in veterinary species.

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HintAnswer
Dilation of the walls of bronchioles due to them being weakened by free radical damage is known as _________.
True or False: Emphysema is a primary destruction of alveolar walls in animals.
________ provide collateral air passage between alveoli, which help move air through the lungs if some alveoli become plugged.
Inflammation of the nasal cavity is known as _______
CATS with grass awns that get into the thoracic cavity can lead to _______
A frosted appearance of the thoracic pleura is due to __________
When bronchioles heal improperly and form a fibrous polyp after damage, occluding the airway, this condition is known as ______________.
True or False: HORSES normally have thickened pleura in the caudodorsal area of the lungs.
Areas of emphysema can coalesce to form ______. If these rupture, they can cause pneumothorax.
What two species lack pores of Kohn in their lungs?
Uremia and Vitamin D toxicity can lead to __________ of the thoracic pleura.
On necropsy, you find multifocal flat, black areas throughout the lungs of a SHEEP. You determine it has no clinical significance. What is this condition called?
True or False: Obstructive atelectasis rarely occurs in PIGS.
Foam in the trachea is a sign of _________.
Surfactant reduces _______ in the alveoli
Does hydrothorax cause compressive or obstructive acquired atelectasis?
Chronic passive congestion in the lungs leads to a ________ coloration.
Gangrene, pulmonary sequestra, fibrosis, pulmonary abscesses, and chronic pleuritis with adhesions are sequelae of ____________
Rib impressions are often seen with which type of pneumonia?
Does an exudate have a high or low protein concentration?
These lymph nodes are located near the bifurcation of the trachea.
HintAnswer
True or False: Mycobacterium bovis can cause a multifocal pattern of granulomatous nodules in the lungs of a COW.
COWS close their glottis and grunt when they are dying. This leads to air being unable to escape and causes alveolar septae to break, causing ________
Inflammation of the lung is known as ______
_____ cells detoxify and secrete anti-inflammatory mediators in the bronchi and bronchioles.
The _________ is a mechanical defense mechanism that produces mucous and moves it up the respiratory tract to be coughed out.
Chylothorax prevents the lungs from expanding, leading to _________
Club cell secretory protein loss in horses leads to _________
Cilia have _________ that are normally arranged with 9 pairs on the periphery and 2 pairs in the center of the cilia.
True or False: Septic emboli to the lungs cannot form abscesses.
What cell type is responsible for gas exchange between alveoli and blood?
What cell type produces surfactant in the lungs?
Interstitial pneumonia is a more specific type of which other pattern of pneumonia?
A bright red coloration in the lung is indicative of ______.
What color should healthy lungs be?
Buildup of carbon pigment in the lungs is known as __________.
Secondary right-sided heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension is known as __________.
A cranioventral pattern is indicative of which type of pneumonia?
What type of lung pattern does neoplasia manifest as in the lungs?
The lungs may be brown in chronic passive congestion due to the build up of _______ in alveolar macrophages.
Aspiration pneumonia will have which type of pattern of pneumonia?
Inflammation of the gutteral pouch is known as ________
HintAnswer
Are Type I or Type II pneumocytes more cuboidal in morphology?
Fungal diseases typically cause which pattern of pneumonia?
Blood pooling to one lung after euthanasia (no clinical significance) is known as __________.
During aspiration pneumonia, what color does gastric acid turn the lungs?
Alveolar collapse is known as ________
Toxins typically cause which pattern of pneumonia?
True or False: A multifocal pattern of pneumonia can be caused by aerogenous AND hematogenous routes.
What color does pneumonia manifest as in the lungs?
Fluid in the thoracic cavity is known as _________
What two associated lesions should you look for with aspiration pneumonia?
Foam is made when ________ from the lungs interacts with air in the trachea.
Chyle in the thoracic cavity is known as ________
A hypersensitivity reaction in the lungs will lead to which pattern of pneumonia?
True or False: Liver cirrhosis can lead to hydrothorax due to increased hydrostatic pressure.
Blood in the thoracic cavity is known as ________.
Fibrosis in the lung shows up as a ______ color.
Air in the thoracic cavity is known as _________
True or False: Surfactant possesses antimicrobial substances.
__________ is when microtubules are incorrectly arranged in cilia.
These cells hang out in the alveolar capillaries for any bloodborne pathogens from getting into the lungs.
Is atelectasis due to amniotic fluid plugging the airways congenital or acquired?

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