Science Quiz / DNA and the Genetic Material

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QUIZ: Can you name the DNA related terms?

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DefinitionTerm
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Change in the genetic message
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
DefinitionTerm
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
Copying process that makes mRNA
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
DefinitionTerm
Non-coding nucleotides
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Start codon
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
DefinitionTerm
Rules that govern genetic translation
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
Path of information. Central dogma
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Site where the tRNA is released
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs

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