Science Quiz / DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
DefinitionTerm
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Path of information. Central dogma
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
The enzyme that makes mRNA
DefinitionTerm
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Non-coding nucleotides
Copying process that makes mRNA
Start codon
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
Site where the tRNA is released
DefinitionTerm
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
Change in the genetic message
Rules that govern genetic translation
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall

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