Science Quiz / Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Naming visual imput and understanding language
The emotional brain
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
'Fight or Flight'
Nerve Impulse
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Gap between adjacent neurons
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Junction between two neurons
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Collects hearing data
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Failure of cerebrum to form
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Protects neuron cell bodies
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Ridges in brain
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
'Rest and Digest'
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Collects sight data
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Breathing Control
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Grooves in brain
Inflammation of meninges
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite

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