Science Quiz / Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
'Fight or Flight'
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Grooves in brain
Gap between adjacent neurons
'Rest and Digest'
Nerve Impulse
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Collects hearing data
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Failure of cerebrum to form
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Collects sight data
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Breathing Control
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Inflammation of meninges
Junction between two neurons
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
The emotional brain
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Ridges in brain
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Protects neuron cell bodies
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped

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