Science Quiz / Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Nerve Impulse
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Collects sight data
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Inflammation of meninges
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Ridges in brain
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
'Rest and Digest'
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Junction between two neurons
Gap between adjacent neurons
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Collects hearing data
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
'Fight or Flight'
Failure of cerebrum to form
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Protects neuron cell bodies
The emotional brain
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Breathing Control
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Grooves in brain
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage

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