Science Quiz / Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Collects hearing data
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Nerve Impulse
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Failure of cerebrum to form
'Rest and Digest'
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Gap between adjacent neurons
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Ridges in brain
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Junction between two neurons
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Collects sight data
Inflammation of meninges
'Fight or Flight'
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Protects neuron cell bodies
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Breathing Control
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Naming visual imput and understanding language
The emotional brain
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Grooves in brain
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Integrates and evalutates hearing data

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