Science Quiz / Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Junction between two neurons
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Inflammation of meninges
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Failure of cerebrum to form
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Ridges in brain
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Integrates and evaluates sight data
The emotional brain
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Grooves in brain
Nerve Impulse
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Protects neuron cell bodies
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
I: Na+ ions into neuron
'Fight or Flight'
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Collects sight data
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Gap between adjacent neurons
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
'Rest and Digest'
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Breathing Control
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Collects hearing data
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves

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