ABOUT THIS QUIZ: This list is based on a combination of "celebrity" (how well-known Presidents are) and "gravitas", the total impact of the person's lifetime, for good or bad. To counterbalance the fame of more recent Presidents, these numbers are adjusted out to expected values by the time those Presidents are 170 years old. Unlike most Presidential polls, this ranking takes into account the person's entire lifetime, not just their time in office. --------
Rank = Among Presidents (among all historical figures in the book). Pres. poll avg. is an average of several polls by historian based only on job as president. -------------------------
Last names are accepted. Debate is encouraged.