Miscellaneous Quiz / Speech Terms

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Can you name the Speech Terms?

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Functions of Speech
Providing information 
Expressing feelings 
Exchanges made to get something done 
Social exchanges 
'Small Talk' 
Types of Speech
The unique combination of words, expressions and constructions that an individual habitually uses 
The kind of language we draw on to display our membership of a specific social group 
The accent, lexis and grammar of a specific geographical area 
Accommodation Theory
Developed by? 
We adjust our speech to....the person we're addressing 
When style of speech moves closerto the person you are speaking to 
When style of speech moves further away 
Register
Whether spmething is written or spoken 
Whether speech is formal/informal, familiar/unfamiliar 
subject matter, region, educational background of participants 
Accent
Distinctive manner of pronunciation that marks regional or social identity 
An accent which differs dramatically from RP 
Speaker overcompensating when trying to emulate RP 
Exchange Structure Theory
Teacher 
Pupil 
Teacher 
Features of Spontaneous Speech
Someone else starts talking while the speaker has yet to finish 
An attemot to gain the floor 
When one speaker speaks at the same time as another 
The speaker starts out saying one thing, then stops to rephrase 
A period of silence or a filler 
'er','um' etc... 
When a speaker softens what they're saying with words such as perhaps or 'do you mind?' 
Steering away from a topic 
Leaving out a word 
Repeating words or phrases 
When a word or phrase is not finished by the speaker 
When a speaker substitutes something for another word such as 'thingy' 
e.g. Sir/Madam 
'Please', 'Thank You' 
'Cause, from Because 
'don't' 'can't' 
Very informal language 
When referring to an object or place, e.g it's over there 
Turn Taking
to keep our turn 
to give up our turn 
to ask for a turn to speak 
Grice's Maxims
Do not say what you believe to be false 
Make your contribution to the conversation as informative as necessary 
Say things related to the current topic of conversation 
Avoid obscurity and ambiguity 
Politeness Principle
Produced by? 
Maxim 1 
Maxim 2 
Maxim 3 
Keith and Shuttleworth
Women 
Women 
Women 
Women 
Women 
Women 
Women 
Men 
Men 
Men 
Men 
Men 
Men 
Men 
Men 
Men 
Men 
Lakoff's 10 features of women's language use
sort of, kind of 
would you please? 
isn't it? don't you? 
emphatic so and very, intonational emphasis 
charming, divine, sweet, adorable 
between you and I [ standard syntax = between you and me] 
 
 
 
 
Other findings (Women)
Gilligan 1982 
Tannen 1990 
Tannen 1990 
Coates 1989 
Holmes 1995 
Troemel-PLoetz 1991 
Fishman 1977 
Cameron 1998 
Other findings (Men)
Tannen 1990 
Aries and Johnson 1983 
Tannen 1990 
Fishman 1977 
Holmes 1995 
Holmes 1995 
Zimmerman and West 1975 
Fishman 1977 

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