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Can you name the Language Change Terms?
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This is mainly for anyone doing Language Change A level, though others are welcome to have a go...
Adding prefixes or suffixes
When two words have similar meaning and one has to adapt or disappear
Camelopard v Giraffe
Parts of usually two words joined together
The addition of new words to our vocabulary or old words falling out of use
When a words meaning changes into something more pleasant or positive
'Pretty' once meant sly or cunning, now means attractive
Words gaining stronger semantic potency
Kill from meaning 'to torment' to its current meaning
Obsolete words or phrases
Creation of a new word not derived from any other word
When we change language to make it more consistent
People who do not lable particular uses of language ‘correct’ or ‘incorrect’ but seek to describe as accuarately as possible how language is used
Change in word class
To Contest (verb) > A Contest (noun)
Changes in pronunciation of words
General term for a new word
Words losing some of their original force over time
'Soon' now means in the near future, but used to mean immediately
When the meaning of a word broadens
Dog was a particualr breed, but now includes all breeds
When the pronunciation of a phoneme is affected by the phoneme that is next to it
'Sandwich' pronounced 'Samwich' 'n' changes to 'm' as 'w' makes an 'm' sound easier to pronounce
When sounds disappear from words
No longer pronounce the b in 'Thumb' or 'Tomb'
Words taken from other languages
Soprano (Italian) Lager (German) Alcohol (Arabic)
New word formed by shortening an existing word
Advert from Advertisement
Words losing semantic potency
Astound from meaning 'strike with thunder' to meaning 'strongly suprised'
When a word becomes more specific in meaning
Meat originally denoted food in general not just animal flesh
Words such as chit-chat; clip-clop; criss-cross
Modern drive to replace words and expressions that are considered offensive or demeaning to disadvantaged or minority groups
'Mixed-race', replacing 'half-caste'
The movement towards a stable language culminating in Dr. Johnson’s dictionary in 1755
Words remaining in use but changing meaning
A word’s meaning changed based on an analogy or likeness between things
Crane becuase it looks like a bird
Mild or inoffensive way of describing something distasteful or unpleasant
'Friendly Fire' or 'Cashflow problem'
Shortening an existing word
Laboratory > Lab
Phrases formed from previously existing words
'In the doghouse', 'Over the moon'
Words formed from initial letters of existing words
When meaning of a word becomes less favourable
'Impertinent' once meant irrelevant, now means rude
People who disapprove of uses of language that break ‘correct’ language rules
A word (usually a noun) shortened to form a word of another type (usually a verb)
Edit from Editor
Words deriving from names of people/places
Not really a technical term, just say what you see
Dramatic and important example of sound change between 1400-1600
Particular brand associated with particular product
Hoover for all vacuum cleaners
Two words combined to form a new word
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