History Quiz / Breakdown of Roman Republic Key Dates

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Can you name the Breakdown of Roman Republic Key Dates?

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After the Battle of Pharsalus, Pompey flees to Egypt and is killed
With Hirtius dead and Panda dying, Antony escapes into Transalpine Gaul
Crassus uses C.Cato and Clodius to create unrest, thus postponing the consular elections and ensuring Caesar was in Rome to get Pompey and Crassus elected
Caesar wants the consulship of this year, thus conforming to the gap set by Sulla
Antony sets out on his Parthian expedition, ends badly with 32,000 deaths
Clodius persecutes Milo for violence. Clodius himself was equally guilty of this. The court case descended into a shouting match, and Clodius was flung from the Rostra
Gaius Marius is elected to his sixth consulship
Caesar deals with a revolt of his troops when he returns home from Egypt as the soldiers believed they would be discharged after Pharsallus and had been campaigning for ages
Antony successfully attacks the Parthians in Armenia,
Battle of Pharsalus- Caesar defeats Pompey
Aemilius Lepidus challenges the reforms of Sulla, proposing the recall of those exiled in the proscriptions, a new corn dole, and restoration of tribune powers
Antony first meets Cleopatra in Cilicia
Julia, daughter of Caesar and wife of Pompey, dies after miscarrying due to being splattered with blood in the violence of the aedile elections
Formation of the First Triumvirate
Antony finds himself trapped in the bay of Actium
Catiline is prevented for standing as replacement consul due to his pending court case for provincial extortion
Caesar eliminates many Pompeians in Africa, including Cato
Tiberius Gracchus proposes his bill to redistribute the ager publicus
Octavian declares war on Cleopatra- thus forcing Antony to choose between Rome and Egypt
Antony marries Octavia under the Treaty of Brundisium
Lucius Antonius and Fulvia try to rebel, culminating in a winter siege at Perusia, where Octavian is successful
The consul Cotta removes the ban on tribunes holding further office
Catiline fails to gain the consulship once again and tries to start a revolution
Pompey passes a law enforcing a five year interval between magistracies in Rome and foreign commands, meaning that magistrates who abused their power could be tried
Octavian has the whole of Italy swear an oath of allegiance to him
Caesar holds games in honour of Julia, funded a new corn dole and gave away slaves- all forms of largesse
After defeating Pompey's lieutenants Afranius and Petreius, Caesar crosses to Greece
Caesar reforms the calendar
Caesar celebrates a quadruple triumph for victories in Gaul, Pontus, Africa and Egypt
Gaius Gracchus becomes tribune
Caesar marries Calpurnia, the daughter of future consul Calpurnius Piso, to try and ensure that his actions in office were not reversed
Antony clears Syria of Parthians, killing their king Pacorus
Caesar wanted to stand for the consulship in absentia in this year
HintAnswer
Catiline dies with his revolutionary army in battle
Cicero recalled from exile
The Publicani, supported by Crassus, complained to the Senate that they had overbid by a third for eastern contracts. They wanted to be reimbursed this money.
Octavian, along with Hirtius and Pansa, campaign against Antony in Mutina
Campaign against Carthage in which Tiberius Gracchus won the Golden Crown
Octavian leads a disastrous campaign against Sextus Pompey
Treaty of Misenum/Puteoli- Sextus given imperium over corn producing islands, Sextus gets consulship of 33 and father in law Libo gets consulship of 34
Caesar is assassinated by a group of senators led by Cassius and Brutus
Sulla gains his first consulship
Pompey threatens to take his army back to Rome if they do not send further support to help the war against Sertorius in Spain
Catiline fails to gain the consulship after he is allowed to run
Tiberius Gracchus is murdered by a group of senators who believed he was going to proclaim himself the king
Pompey returns from Asia after reorganising the eastern provinces, thus increasing tax revenue by 70%. He wants land for his veterans
Antony celebrates his conquest of Armenia with a triumph in Alexandria
Clodius passes a law against those who ordered deaths without trial- aimed at Cicero, who did this to the Catiline Conspirators
Caesar appointed dictator for life
Caesar crosses the Rubicon and crosses into Italy
Pompey raises a private army to support Sulla in the Civil Wars
Sulla takes the unprecedented move of marching on Rome after the Mithridatic Campaign was transferred to Marius, resulting in the death of Suspicious Rufus
As a result of Pompey's new law, Cicero is sent to Cilicia
Cinna and Carbo ally with Marius whilst Sulla campaigns against Mithridates
Caesar is re-elected as consul and made dictator for ten years
Pompey bribes the electorate to have Afranius elected as consul. He would be supportive of Pompey's needs.
Clodius is murdered by Milo in election-related violence
Gaius Marius becomes plebian tribune, where he pursues a popular viewpoint and earns the disregard of the Metelli
After the defeat of Sextus, Lepidus attempts to take Sicily for himself and fails. He is stripped of most power but allowed to remain pontifex Maximus
First Catilinarian Conspiracy- Catiline, Paetus and Piso plot to murder the new consuls. After this failed, they planned to murder the entire senate- this also failed
Octavian arrives in Rome
Cicero leaves Rome in exile in the wake of Clodius' new law
Catiline fails to gain the consulship
Antony crosses into southern Greece. According to Plutarch, he enjoys the festivities at Samos beforehand
Caesar returns to Spain to defeat Gnaeus Pompey at Munda
Caesar buys off the tribune Curio, who vetoes any attempt to remove Caesar from his command in Gaul
HintAnswer
Cinna and Octavius clash for the consulship of this year. Cinna gains it.
In the aftermath of Clodius' death, Bibulus and Cato propose that Pompey be appointed sole consul
Clodius is caught profaning the rites of the exclusively female Bona Dea festival
Antony rejects financial support from Octavia, taking money from Cleopatra instead- clear allegiance shown
The First Triumvirate is renewed in a meeting at Luca. They decide that Pompey and Crassus would be joint consuls in the following year
After Caesar refuses to lay down his arms, the SCU is passed and Caesar is effectively declared an enemy of the state
Sulla returns to Rome and defeats the Marian Faction in a civil war
Mark Antony elected as tribune
Caesar was pro-praetorian governor of Spain in this year, to such success that he wanted a triumph when he returned
End of Social War
The Cimbri and Teutone tribes invade Italy
Marius dies during his seventh consulship
Bibulus is elected consul to try and curb the power of Caesar
Battle of Actium- Agrippa defeats Antony and Cleopatra, who retreat mid-battle and abandon their remaining troops
Battle of Naulochos- Agrippa defeats Sextus Pompey
Gaius Marius and the consul Catalus defeat the Cimbri at Vercellae
Cicero's first consulship. Also the year in which he thwarted the
Credit crisis in Italy caused by the extensive recalling of debts. Fueled Catiline's support, as he promised to remove all debt (Decade)
Caesar is elected as Pontifex Maximus. He defeats his opponent Catalus through bribes with Crassus' money
The Second Triumvirate is formed between Octavian, Mark Antony and Lepidus
Caesar plans to attack the Dacians and avenge the death of Crassus in Parthia
Caesar marries his daughter Julia to Pompey, securing the relations between the triumvirs for the decade
Gaius Marius enters into an amicitiae with Saturninus
Gaius Marius gains his first consulship
The Cimbri tribe arrive in Gaul and defeat the consul Marcus Julius Silanus
Treaty of Brundisium- Octavian gains the West, Antony the East.
Battle of Philippi- Antony and Octavian against Cassius and Brutus
Clodius seeks the aedileship to avoid persecution for his street violence
Treaty of Tarentum- Legal power of Triumvirate extended for 5 years, Antony gives 120 ships in return for 20,000 troops from Octavian for Sextus/Parthia respectively
Beginning of the Social Wars between Rome and their Italian allies for the right of Roman Citizenship
The proposed consuls for the following year are prosecuted for electoral bribery

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