Science Quiz / OB/Gyn Vocab

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Can you name the OB/Gyn Vocab

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Termination of a pregnancy by medical or surgical intervention.
Spontaneous termination of a pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation.
Complete expulsion of the entire products of conception
Incomplete expulsion of the products of conception. (Retained tissue in the uterus)
Dilation of the internal cervical os but without yet passage of the products of conception
Intrauterine retention of the non-viable products of conception.
Three or more consecutive first-trimester abortions.
: A threatened, inevitable, incomplete, missed or complete abortion complicated by infection.
Vaginal bleeding in the presence of a closed cervix and a viable fetus.
Separation of the normally implated placenta from its uterine attachment after the 20th week of pregnancy and before the birth of the infant. It occurs mainly in the third trimest
Overgrowth of the terminal parts of the skeletal system after epiphyseal fusion as a result of overproduction of growth hormone.
Presence of endometrial tissue within the myometrium.
The uterine appendages, including the fallopian tubes, ovaries and associated ligaments
A congenital or acquired increase in the number of cells of the adrenal cortex, occurring bilaterally and resulting in excessive secretion of 17-ketosteroid with virilization signs
Absence or cessation of menstruation.
Failure of menarche to occur by the 16th year of life.
Absence of menses for three or more months after menarche.
Aspiration of amniotic fluid, usually transabdominally, for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
The fluid confined by the amnion
A syndrome of characterized by primary amenorrhea, a female phenotype, testes (abdominal or inguinal) instead of ovaries,absence of a uterus with a male genotype
: Anemia with an excessive number of megaloblasts in circulation caused primarily by deficiency of folic acid, vitamin B12, or both
Advanced stage of iron deficiency whereby there is inefficient stored iron to meet the demands of the body. Also called microcytic anemia
Eating disorder characterized by altered body image and marked reduction in the intake of food, caused by psychogenic factors and leading to malnutrition and amenorrhea.
Irregular uterine bleeding that occurs in the absence of ovulation.
before labor or delivery
A physical assessment of the newborn usually performed at 1 and 5 minutes after birth, used to determine the need for resuscitation.
: An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Loss of uterine muscular tonicity, which may result in failure of labor to progress or in postpartum hemorrhage.
In medicine, a patient's right to determine what health care they will accept
Sex chromatin masses on the nuclear membrane. The number of these is one fewer than the number of X chromosomes in that cell.
Cystic swelling of a Bartholin gland caused by obstruction of its duct.
A pair of glands located at the 4 o=clock and 8 o=clock positions on the vulvo- vaginal rim
The oral temperature at rest, used for detection of ovulation.
The most common germ cell tumor, consisting of mature elements of all three germ layers (often called dermoid cyst).
A physical assessment of the fetus, including ultrasound evaluation of fetal movement, breathing movements, fetal tone, amniotic fluid volume, and electronic fetal heart monitoring
: A graph showing a basal body temperature in the luteal phase that is 0.3-1F higher than that of a follicular phase, which indicates that ovulation has occurred.
The circulation by which the fetus exchanges nutrients and waste products with the mother.
: Endometrial bleeding that occurs at inappropriate times during the use of hormonal contraceptives.
The buttocks (often refers to a fetal presentation).
The clinical (information obtained before surgery or tissue sampling) and pathological (examination of the tumor microscopically) evaluation of the extent and severity of cancer.
A neoplasm in which the tumor cells are confined by the basement membrane of the epithelium of origin
Birth of the fetus through incisions made in the abdomen and uterine wall
Irregular brownish patches of various sizes that may appear on the face during pregnancy or during the use of oral contraceptives. (aka mask of pregnancy)
Inflammation of the fetal membranes
A malignant tumor composed of sheets of cellular and syncytial trophoblast.
The transcervical or transabdominal sampling of the chorionic villi for cytogenic evaluation of the fetus
The period of life or the syndrome of endocrine, somatic and psychic changes that occur in a woman during the transition from the reproductive to the nonreproductive state
A ligand in a group of compounds known as selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM). It stimulates maturation of follicles and thereby ovulation thru anti-Estrgn on hypoThalmus
Withdrawal of the penis during coitus before ejaculation.
: A surgical procedure used to repair cystocele
A surgical procedure used to repair rectocele
Examination of the vagina and cervix by means of an instrument that provides low magnification.
: A benign, cauliflower-like growth on the genitalia, caused by human papillomavirus
: A cone of cervical tissue excised for histologic examination
Prevention of conception
(C-word) A fetal assessment and therapeutic technique in which a needle is passed into an umbilical vessel and blood sampled or treatment given (aka PUBS)
A temporary endocrine structure produced at the site of ovulation. It is involved in the production of progesterone
The pouch-like cavity between the rectum and the uterus, formed by a fold of peritoneum.
Needle aspiration of intraperitoneal fluid or blood through a puncture of the posterior vaginal fornix into the cul-de-sac.
Scraping of the interior of a cavity or other surface with a curette.
Separate curettage of the endometrium and the endocervix for diagnostic evaluation. Specimens are submitted separately for pathologic examination
Curettage using a suction catheter.
: A symptom complex caused by hypersecretion of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and sex hormones of the adrenal cortex.
: Protrusion of the urinary bladder that creates a downward bulging of the anterior vaginal wall as a result of weakening of the pubocervical fascia
: A radiogram of the urinary bladder after the injection of a contrast medium
: A radiogram of the urinary bladder after the injection of a contrast mediuMeasurement of the function and capacity of the urinary bladder by pressure-volume studies, often used m
Direct endoscopic inspection of the interior of the urinary bladder.
Identifiable changes in the endometrium and other tissues in response to the hormonal effects of progesterone
Name for a benign cystic teratoma
The physiologic or instrumental opening of the cervix.
An immunoprotein used for passive immunization to prevent D sensitization of the mother when exposed to fetal red blood cells that may have Rhesus D antigens.
): An intravascular coagulation abnormality originally described in the obstetric complications of abruptio placentae and intrauterine fetal demise
The simultaneous availability of two sterile set-ups for either a vaginal or an abdominal delivery.
A malignant solid germ cell tumor of the ovary
Intrauterine growth restriction leading to a small-for-dates baby, associated with placental insufficiency
Painful menstruation. May be primary (secondary to production of prostaglandins and other inflammatory mediators causing uterine contractions) or secondary (associated with an exi
Difficult or painful intercourse.
Abnormal or difficult labor
Painful urination
The convulsive form of preeclampsia-eclampsia syndrome.
A pregnancy located outside the uterine cavity.
The growth of the columnar epithelium of the endocervix onto the ectocervix
Thinning or shortening, of the cervix.
The conceptus from the blastocyst stage to the end of the 8th week.
The procedure of obtaining endometrial tissue for diagnostic purposes
The presence of endometrial implants outside the uterus.
Instrumental visualization of the interior of a hollow viscus
: A herniation of the small intestine into the cul-de-sac, usually accompanied by (and sometime confused with) rectocele
An incision made into the perineum at the time of vaginal delivery.
The exogenous administration of estrogen or estrogenic substances to overcome a deficiency or absence of the natural hormone.
The continuous and prolonged effect of estrogen on the endometrium, resulting from a lack of progesterone.
(same as 82) The growth of the columnar epithelium of the endocervix onto the ectocervix
: The removal of all pelvic viscera, including the urinary bladder, the rectum, or both, usually in the setting of advanced cervical malignancy.
The microscopic pattern of sodium chloride crystals as seen in estrogen stimulated cervical mucus or amniotic fluid.
The conceptus from 8 weeks until birth
Mammary changeS characterized by fibrosis and formation of cysts in the fibrous stroma
The preliminary stages of sexual relations, in which the partners usually stimulate each other by kissing, touching, and caressing
A physiologic cyst arising from the Graafian follicle or the corpus luteum.
A hormone-producing ovarian neoplasm
The spontaneous flow of breast milk in the absence of a recent pregnancy.
: An individual's understanding and feeling of the activity and behavior appropriate to the male or female sex.
The congenital absence of ovarian tissue or its presence only as a rudimentary streak
The congenitally defective development of the gonads.
A glycoprotein hormone that is produced by the syncytiotrophoblast and is immunologically similar to luteinizing hormone (LH)
A gonadotropin isolated from the urine of postmenopausal women, consisting primarily of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) with variable amounts of LH, used for ovulation induction
An endocrine organ compound of the anterior gonadotropin-secreting compound and the posterior oxytocin-secreting compound.
: A feminizing, estrogen-producing ovarian tumor
A pregnant woman
The pregnant state, or the total number of pregnancies a woman has had, including the current pregnancy
Blood in the peritoneal cavity
A person who exhibits characteristics of both sexes. A true hermaphrodite is characterized by the presence of both ovarian and testicular tissue
The development of various degrees of hair growth of male type and distribution in a woman
Estrogen and progestin replacement therapy.
Vasomotor symptom characterized by transient hot sensations that involve the upper part of the thorax/neck/head, frequently followed by sweats, and associated with dec Estrogen
A pathologic condition of pregnancy characterized by the hydropic degeneration of the chorionic villi and variable degrees of trophoblastic proliferation
Excessive amounts (more than 2 liters) of amniotic fluid at term
The abnormal proliferation of the endometrium with a marked increase in the number of glands or cystic dilation of glands. These changes may be related to prolonged unopposed estr
A condition of subnormal estrogen production with resultant atrophy of failure of development of estrogen-dependent tissues
A deficiency (under 100mg) of circulating fibrinogen that may be seen in conditions such as abruptio placentae, amniotic fluid embolism and fetal death, in which the fibrinoge
The subnormal production of hormones by the gonads
The removal of the uterine corpus and cervix through an incision made in the abdominal wall.
The removal of the uterine corpus, cervix, and parametrium, with dissection of the ureters; usually combined with pelvic lymphadenectomy
The combination of laparoscopy with vaginal surgery techniques to remove the uterus and frequently the adnexae.
The removal of the uterine corpus, leaving the cervix in situ.
The removal of the uterine corpus and cervix (without regard to tubes or ovaries
The removal of the uterus through the vagina
Roentgenography of the uterus and tubes after injection of radiopaque contrast medium through the cervix. For ascertaining uterine irregularity and fallopian patency
The transcervical endoscopic visualization of the endometrial cavity
Surgical incision of the wall of the uterus
Failure of a lumen to develop at a point where the budding vagina arises from the urogenital sinus
The inability to achieve or sustain penile erection
The inability to achieve pregnancy with regular intercourse and no contraception within a stipulated period of time, often considered to be 1 year
The space in the placenta in which maternal blood bathes chorionic villi, allowing the exchange of materials between the fetal and maternal circulations
A benign mammary tumor, often multiple, occurring predominantly in parous women at or shortly before menopause. Typically located sub-areolar and associated w/ bloody discharge
A device inserted into the uterine cavity for contraception.
Intrauterine death of a fetus. For purposes of vital statistics a fetal death prior to 500 gramss is usually classified as an abortus
Intrauterine growth restriction leading to a small-for-dates baby, associated with placental insufficiency
Introduction of the penis into the vagina
Ensuring or maintaining what is considered to be just or fair according to predetermined criteria.
: A photographic reproduction of the chromosomes of a cell in metaphase, arranged according to a standard classification
The process of expulsion of the fetus from the uterus
Labor that is initiated artificially
Labor that is stimulated/augmented, usually with oxytocin
A polypeptide hormone that is produced by the syncytiotrophoblast, is similar to prolactin and somatotropin from the pituitary, and is involved in carb metabolism by mom and fetus
The transabdominal endoscopic examination of the peritoneal cavity and its contents after inducing pneumoperitoneum
A benign tumor derived from smooth muscle (fibroid)
An uncommon malignant tumor of smooth muscle
uses a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut out abnormal cervical tissue to treat cervical dysplasia.
An imprecise clinical term usually referring to white lesions of the vulva.
The muscular sheet, consisting of the iliococcygeus, pubococcygeus, and puborectalis muscles, which forms most of the pelvic floor (pelvic diaphragm) and supports the pelvic viscer
Sexual desire or urge
The relationship of the long axis of the fetus to the long axis of the mother. Examples are longitudinal, transverse, and oblique
Ligament connecting the base of the broad ligament to the supravaginal portion of the cervix and laterally to the sides of the pelvis. Is considered the primary support of uterus
axial support of the uterus. peritoneal folds containing connective tissue, autonomic nerves, and involuntary muscle, arising on sides of the posterior wall, insert on sacral wall
The surgical or mechanical interruption of the continuity of the fallopian tubes for the purpose of permanent contraception.
last menstrual period (abbrv)
last normal menstrual periond (abbrv)
Inflammation of the breast
Sexual stimulation by manipulation of the genitals
The ratio of parabasal to intermediate to superficial vaginal epithelial cells (eg, 0/20/80) which is an indication of estrogen effect
the condition of the fetus weighing 2,500 g or more
Rupture of the amniotic membranes before the onset of labor
the onset of the menses
The permanent cessation of the menses, caused by ovarian failure or removal of the ovaries.
Excessive or prolonged uterine bleeding occurring at regular intervals
A reversible change in which one adult cell type is replaced by another cell type. The most common type of epithelial metaplasia is the replacement of columnar cells by stratified
Uterine bleeding occurring at times other than the expected menses; for example, intermenstrual bleeding
An imaginary plane that passes through the pelvis and is defined by three points; the inferior margin of the symphysis pubis and the tips of the ischial spines on either side.
a fatal outcome
Death of the conceptus between >500 grams and birth.
Death of a fetus before birth. For purposes of perinatal vital statistics the fetus must be over 20 weeks gestational age or over 500 grams in weight.
death of the mother
death of the infant in the first 28 days of life
Death of the fetus or neonate between 20 weeks of gestation and 28 days after birth. It is the sum of stillbirths and neonatal deaths
The presence in an individual of cells of different chromosomal constitutions
The secretion of the cervical mucous glands; its quality and quantity are influenced by progesterone(makes scant/opaque) and estrogen makes it abundant and clear (Spinnbarkeit)
refers to the first 28 days of life
Evaluation of the fetus by electronic fetal heart monitoring, not in labor
Infrequent menstruation
The climax of sexual excitement.
Atrophy of bone caused by demineralization.
Stimulation of ovulation by artificial means
An octapeptide formed in the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior lobe of the pituitary. It has stimulant effects on the smooth muscle of the uterus and the mammary glands.
A cytologic smear of exfoliated cells (ex. from the cervix, endometrial cavity, or vagina) used in the early detection of cancer or for evaluation of a patient's hormonal status
The number of pregnancies of a particular woman in which the fetus is over 20 weeks gestation prior to delivery.
The floor or sling for the pelvic structures, located at the level of the pelvic outlet. The most important structures are the levator ani muscle and fascial sheaths
An infection of the pelvic viscera, usually by ascending routes. The likely etiologic pathogens include: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and other anaerobic/aerobics
An imaginary plane passing through the pelvis that represents the upper boundary of the true pelvis. BOUNDS posterior= sacral promontory and alae , laterally=linea terminalis, ant
Laparoscopic surgery using multiple small incisions, specialized instruments and techniques
another name for cordocentesis (abbrv=PUBS)
Pertaining to the combination of fetal and neonatal periods, considered to begin after 20 weeks of gestation and to end 28 days after birth
Plastic repair of the perineum
The pelvic floor and associated structures occupying the pelvic outlet.
A device placed in the vagina or uterus to support the uterus
A condition in which the placenta is located in the lower portion of the uterus and covers part or all of the internal os
previous menstrual period (abbv)
The presence of air in the peritoneal cavity
): A syndrome of secondary oligomenorrhea and infertility associated with multiple follicle cysts of the ovary and failure to ovulate
Cyclical uterine bleeding that is normal in amount but occurs at
The relationship of a designated point on the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis (example: left occiput anterior [LOA]).
Bleeding from the uterus, cervix, or vagina that occurs after the menopause.
After delivery or childbirth
Pregnancy prolonged beyond the end of the 42nd week of gestation
A specific hypertensive disorder of pregnancy with the diagnosis made on the basis of hypertension with proteinuria. It usually occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy.
An infant born before 37 completed weeks (260 days) of pregnancy.
A complex of symptoms occurring in the progestational phase of the menstrual cycle.
The portion of the body of the fetus that is coming first in the birth canal. Examples include vertex, breech, and shoulder presentation
The portion of the fetus that is felt through the cervix on vaginal examination. The presenting part determines the presentation
A woman who is pregnant for the first time
: A condition in which the umbilical cord precedes the presenting part of the fetus
Prolapse of the uterus, usually due to the loss of supporting structures. It is related to injuries of childbirth, advanced age, or congenital weakness
False pregnancy, in which some of the signs and symptoms of pregnancy are present, although no conception has taken place
The period between the beginning of the development of secondary sexual characteristics and the completion of somatic growth
The lack of appearance of secondary sexual characteristics by age 14.
The appearance of secondary sexual characteristics before 7.5 years of age
The period after delivery in which the reproductive tract returns to its normal, nonpregnant condition, generally 6-8 weeks
The first perception by the mother of fetal movement, usually between the 16th and 20th week of gestation
Protrusion of the rectum through the supporting structures of the posterior vaginal wall.
The retrograde flow of uterine or tubal contents into the abdominal cavity
A method of contraception/periodic-abstinence in which coitus is avoided when ovulation is likely.
An acute exanthematous viral disease that may cause fetal malformation if contracted during the first trimester of pregnancy
Surgical removal of fallopian tube
Surgical removal of a fallopian tube and ovary
The application of a solution of iodine to the cervix. The iodine is taken up by the glycogen in normal vaginal epithelium, giving it a brown appearance. Areas lacking in glycogen
The physical changes that have occurred in response to endocrine changes during puberty.
The evaluation of the components of semen, especially spermatozoa, as a means of evaluating male fertility
Sexual disinterest, unresponsiveness or aversion.
The physiologic and psychologic expression of sexual behavior. The periods of infancy, adolescence, adulthood, and the postclimacteric state each have characteristic manifestation
A test for infertility in which cervical mucus is aspirated after coitus and examined for quality and presence or absence of infection. The motility, normality, and # of sperm
The vestibular glands that open into and around the urethra
See Lactogen, human placental (aka another name)
In obstetrics and gynecology, a diagnostic aid in which high-frequency sound waves are used to image pelvic structures in pregnant and non-pregnant parties.
The ability of the cervical mucus to be drawn out into thread, characteristically greater in the preovulatory and ovulatory phases of the menstrual cycle
The location of the fetal presenting part (leading bony point) relative to the level of the ischial spines. Station + 2 means the presenting part is 2 cm below the ischial spines.
The absolute inability to procreate
The involuntary leakage of urine during an increase in intraabdominal pressure as a result of weakness of the supports of the internal vesical sphincter and bladder neck.
Streaks or lines seen on the abdominal skin of a pregnant woman
A hypotensive syndrome characterized by sweating, nausea, and tachycardia. It occurs in some pregnant women in the supine position when the pregnant uterus obstructs venous return
An agent or factor that produces physical defects in the developing embryo
A functioning ovarian tumor composed of theca cells
The onset of development of breast
A period of three months. The period of gestation is divided into three units of three calendar months each. Some important obstetric events may be conveniently categorized by tr
The epithelium of the chorion, including the covering of the placental villi. It comprises a cellular layer (cytotrophoblast) and syncytium (syncytiotrophoblast)
The enlarged sebaceous glands of the areolae of the mammary glands during late pregnancy and lactation
COMMON type of sonography
Protrusion of the urethra through the supporting structure of the anterior wall
The surgical interruption of the ductus (vas) deferens for permanent contraception
Vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (abbv)
The condition of a fetus weighing 500 g or more; the ability to live independently outside of the uterus
The development of masculine traits in a female
uterine bleeding after the interruption of hormonal support of the endometrium.

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