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Another name for the Persian Dynasty
Poet issued by Augustus to write about the founding of Rome
Rich upper class families in Rome
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus, and Marcus Aurelius
Mystery religion influenced by Zoroastrianism, good vs. evil
An agreement or pact made with God
Born in Nazareth, thought to be the messiah and the son of God, followed by Christians
4th emperor of Rome, finished bringing Britain into empire, deified after death
Dominating polis in the Peloponnesian, war oriented
Darius' Son, fought against Greeks in the Persian War, accused of Hubris
Guerilla units that wanted to rebel against Herod
Enemy of Rome, lost all three Punic Wars
Path of Honor to consulship
Legendary lawgiver of Sparta
He put down rebellions in Masada, Finished building the Coliseum
Play about a woman who murdered her husband, Jason
Religions that explain mysteries, include Mithraism
Peace of Rome
Jesus' Last Passover, gave his blood and flesh
Tribune, limited land allowed per person, ran for reelection and murdered by Pontifex Maximus
King of Macedonia, defeated Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea
This emperor put down rebellions in the east, he was the emperor during a plague that killed a quarter of the Roman population
Fought against Jugurtha, rose to optimate, seven time consul
Mountain Range Between Northern Italy and Southern Gaul
Mythical King of Crete
Main entrance to Palace at Mycenae
Christian ritual started by John the Baptist
Federation of Greek states created by Philip II of Macedon after the Battle of Chaeronea, to facilitate the use of Military forces against Persia
Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
Octavian, Antony, Lepidus
Codified Laws Posted in Forum
An independent city-state in Greece
He led a slave rebellion against Rome
City founded by Remus and Romulus on Italian Peninsula
Controversial preacher of God, performed baptisms in the Jordan River
Second emperor of Rome, Became paranoid after murder of his son, held treason trials where guilty until proven innocent
Inaccurate accounts of the teaching of Jesus
Battle between King Leonidas of Sparta against Xerxes of Persia, a traitor told Xerxes of a secret mountain pass so the could fight the Spartans on two fronts, Leonidas sacrified h
Temple dedicated to all of the Roman Gods and Goddesses, built by Marcus Agrippa
Member of the First Triumvirate, Sent out by senate to fight Caesar after he took control of his army
Popular Tyrant in Athens, diversified the economy, supported public works projects and festivals
Island in the Mediterranean once inhabited by the Minoans
Nominated during crisis, held power for up to Six Months (or were supposed to)
War-oriented Civilization on Peloponnesus from 1400 - 1100 BCE
Accurate historian for the Peloponnesian War
Ancient Writing deciphered by Michael Ventris
Athenian General who was a traitor and became a Spartan
Region controlled by Carthage, and the by Rome
Time of resettling after the Dorian invasion, writing is lost
A spanish emperor, the Empire boundaries reached their greatest extent under his reign
Experienced advisors to consuls, served for life
Cultural crossroads on West coast of Turkey, region where many scholars were from
Mythical survivor at Troy, meets Dido the Queen of Carthage, then Leaves her and finds Rome
Great Administrator, built royal road and started Satrapies
Built Persian empire through conquest
Polis founded by Patron Goddess Athena, the goddess of War
Built by Darius I, 1700 miles long, made a quick route for troops and leads to Persepolis
King of Lydia, fought Cyrus, and lost
Refers to a future King of Israel who will rule the united tribes of Israel. Christians believe it to be Jesus Christ
League dominated by Athens, Athens offered protection from Persia in exchange for money, boats, or soldiers
Poems by Homer about Odysseus
Egyptian part of Alexander's Empire was run by this general after Alex's death
Last of Roman Kings
Scipio Africanus won this battle in North Africa to end the 2nd Punic War
20 provinces of Persia set up by Darius I
Belief in one God who guides humanity by ethical principles
Eastern part of Alexander's Empire (Includes Babylon) was run by this general after Alex's death
Family dynasty of Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian
Roman governor of Judea at the time of Jesus' crucifixion
Landmarks in Athens
Grain producing province
Battle between Augustus and Antony, and left Rome with sole and uncontested control of the Mediterranean
Caesar's Right hand man, member of second triumvirate, fought war against Octavian
Struggle between Patricians and Plebeians
Someone who seizes power illegally
Caesar crossed this river, symbolized him taking control of the army, started civil war, 'The die is cast'
List of all of Augustus' accomplishments
Athenian General, negotiated a treaty with Sparta
Interpreter of Apollo at Delphi
First five emperors of Rome, until no heir was left
Vergil wrote this poem about the story of Aeneas
Illyrian emperor, he stabilized the economy, put a limit on how much you could charge for certain things, and established a tetrarchy
Latin for 'Our Sea'
A spanish emperor, he ended Roman conquest and instead turned the Empire to defensive, built a wall in Britain, put down revolt in Judea
Indecipherable writing of the Minoans
Country north of Greece, eventually controlled Greece
Writer of the Epistles
Strait that separates Anatolia from Europe
Reformer in Athens, capped interest, started court of Appeals
Twins raised by wolves, then one of them Founds Rome and becomes the first king of Rome
Tribune, suggested that all Italians have citizenship, murdered by Pontifex Maximus
Absolute Power
Everybody in these cities died because of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, everything was preserved in ash
Philosopher that believed truth exists, the ideal government was one were the wise lead
3rd emperor of Rome, Julio-Claudian, 'Little Boots', made his horse a senator, crazy, assassinated by Praetorian Guard
'Et tu, ________?'
Built an empire through conquest, spanned from Macedonia to India to Egypt
Heir to Caesar, First emperor of Rome, member of second Triumvirate
Writer of Oedipus Rex
19th century Archaeologist, uncovers Minoan Palace
Labyrinth Palace of the Minoans
Series of Three Wars between Rome
Remus and Romulus were found by a she-wolf at the bank of this River
Date of Caesar's Assassination
19th century German Archaeologist, found site at Mycenae
Roman poet, wrote 'the founding of the city', glorifies Rome
Reformer in Athens, codified set of harsh, excessive laws
Ten plebeians elected to represent plebeians, were sacrosanct, could veto laws but couldn't propose legislation
Polytheistic following of Roman Gods
Battle where Athens fought Persians on Land, fought with reinforced wings, 26 miles from Athens
Guard assign to protect Rome
Large boulders that make up the walls of the palace at Mycenae
Minoan God represents strength, counter to Snake Goddess
Epic poem about events of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and Achillies, written by Homer
Myth about King Aegeus' son defeating a half-man half-bull
Julius established outposts here, and Claudius finished bringing it into the Empire
Greek Philosopher, started the Lyceum, tutored Alexander the Great
Assembly of Plebeians
Battle formation in Athens, rows of eight men, as many wide as they could, soldiers wore Hoplite Armour
Dictator, started proscription lists, doubled the size of the senate, made Cursus Honorum mandatory, set term limits
Region north of Italy, Caesar held military campaigns there
War fought mainly between Athens and Sparta, for Hegemony
Last of Julio-Claudians, Murdered mother and wife, persecuted Christians
Father of History, Father of Lies, documented Persian Wars
Annual event in Athens in which citizens vote for the 'most dangerous Athenian', if any one person receives more than 6000 votes, he is exiled for 10 years
War between Troy and Achaeans (Greece)
Egyptian Queen, involved with Caesar and Antony
Large Peninsula in Southern Greece, Includes Cities such as Sparta, Corith, Argos, and Megalopolis
A system where the Empire is split into East and West. Both East and West had a ruler, called the 'Augustus'. Both Augustuses picked someone to be in training to become the next ru
Carthaginian General during First and Second Punic Wars

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