Science Quiz / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Subunit of Proteins
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Modifies and packages proteins
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Type of reaction where energy is released
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Nuclear Division
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
DefinitionTerm
The process of splitting glucose
Way to Increase a sample size
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
False Belief that life can come from non-life
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Subunit of Lipids
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Bond that holds amino acids
Makes and Transports Liquids
DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Cytoplasmic Division
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Where RNA is made
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Site of Protein Synthesis
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
DNA wound around histones
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Cells with no Nucleus
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Variable that changes throughout an experiment

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