Science Quiz / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Proteins
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Cytoplasmic Division
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
DefinitionTerm
Site of Protein Synthesis
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Cells with no Nucleus
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
The process of splitting glucose
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Where RNA is made
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Makes and Transports Liquids
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Subunit of Lipids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
DefinitionTerm
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Type of reaction where energy is released
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
DNA wound around histones
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Modifies and packages proteins
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Bond that holds amino acids
Way to Increase a sample size
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nuclear Division

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