Science Quiz / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Cytoplasmic Division
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Nuclear Division
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Site of Protein Synthesis
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Subunit of Lipids
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Type of reaction where energy is released
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Where RNA is made
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Subunit of Proteins
Bond that holds amino acids
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
DefinitionTerm
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
The process of splitting glucose
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Modifies and packages proteins
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Cells with no Nucleus
DefinitionTerm
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Makes and Transports Liquids
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
DNA wound around histones
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Way to Increase a sample size
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life

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