Science Quiz / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Lipids
Bond that holds amino acids
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
DNA wound around histones
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Variable that is measured in an experiment
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Cells with no Nucleus
DefinitionTerm
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Type of reaction where energy is released
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Site of Protein Synthesis
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
DefinitionTerm
Cytoplasmic Division
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Makes and Transports Liquids
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Way to Increase a sample size
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Nuclear Division
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Subunit of Proteins
Modifies and packages proteins
Where RNA is made
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
The process of splitting glucose
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Subunit of Nucleic Acids

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