Science Quiz / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Bond that holds amino acids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
DNA wound around histones
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Modifies and packages proteins
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
DefinitionTerm
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Makes and Transports Liquids
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nuclear Division
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Type of reaction where energy is released
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Cytoplasmic Division
Organelle used in process of mitosis
DefinitionTerm
Site of Protein Synthesis
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Way to Increase a sample size
Cells with no Nucleus
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Where RNA is made
Subunit of Proteins
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Subunit of Lipids
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
The process of splitting glucose
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Type of reaction where energy is inputed

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