Science Quiz / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Subunit of Lipids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Nuclear Division
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Modifies and packages proteins
DefinitionTerm
Cytoplasmic Division
Where RNA is made
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Bond that holds amino acids
Type of reaction where energy is released
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Site of Protein Synthesis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Makes and Transports Liquids
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
DefinitionTerm
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Cells with no Nucleus
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Subunit of Proteins
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Way to Increase a sample size
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
DNA wound around histones
The process of splitting glucose
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Variable that is measured in an experiment

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