Science Quiz / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Cytoplasmic Division
Bond that holds amino acids
Site of Protein Synthesis
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Subunit of Proteins
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
DefinitionTerm
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Modifies and packages proteins
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nuclear Division
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Makes and Transports Liquids
Way to Increase a sample size
Type of reaction where energy is released
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Cells with no Nucleus
Variable that is measured in an experiment
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
DefinitionTerm
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
DNA wound around histones
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Lipids
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
The process of splitting glucose
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Unraveling of an Enzyme
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Where RNA is made
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Type of reaction where energy is inputed

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