Science Quiz / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
The process of splitting glucose
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Cells with no Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Site of Protein Synthesis
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Makes and Transports Liquids
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
DefinitionTerm
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Where RNA is made
Modifies and packages proteins
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Cytoplasmic Division
Nuclear Division
Way to Increase a sample size
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Bond that holds amino acids
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
DefinitionTerm
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Type of reaction where energy is released
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
DNA wound around histones
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Subunit of Proteins
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Subunit of Lipids

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