Miscellaneous Quiz / CNSL 511 Lifespan Final Practice 2

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Can you name the term associated with the definition?

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children who receive an average number of both positive and negative nominations from their peers
the belief that one can master a situation and produce favorable outcomes
giving priority to personal goals rather than to group goals; emphasizing values that serve the self, such as feeling good, personal distinction and achievement, and independence
the circumstance of moving from the top position in elementary school to the youngest, smallest, and least powerful position in middle or junior high school
the term used most often by the public and many professionals to refer to both abuse and neglect
an orientation in which one focuses on winning, rather than on achievement outcome; happiness is thought to result from winning
Kubler-Ross' second stage of dying in which the dying person's denial gives way to anger, resentment, rage, and envy
an orientation in which one seems trapped by the experience of difficulty and attributes one's difficulty to a lack of ability
combines sensorimotor/practice play with symbolic representation
grief that involves enduring despair and is still unresolved over an extended period of time
Kubler-Ross' fifth stage of dying, in which the dying person develops a sense of peace, an acceptance of her or his fate, and, in many cases, a desire to be left alone
a severe autism spectrum disorder that has its onset in the first three years of life and includes deficiencies in social relationships; abnormalities in communication; and restric
the behavior, patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a group of people that are passed on from generation to generation
a pleasurable activity that is engaged in for its own sake
grief involving a deceased person that is a socially ambiguous loss that can't be openly mourned or supported
also called pervasive development disorders, these range from the severe disorder labeled autistic disorder to the milder disorder called Asperger syndrome
a category of learning disabilities involving a severe impairment in the ability to read and spell
an orientation in which one is task-oriented-instead of focusing on one's ability, is concerned with learning strategies and the process of achievement rather than the outcome
the fact that far more women than men live in poverty
Kubler-Ross' first stage of dying, in which the dying person denies that she or he is really going to die
play that involves interaction with peers
small groups that range from 2 to 12 individuals and average about 5 to 6 individuals. members usually are of the same age and same sex and often engage in similar activities, such
the pleasant times when individuals are free to pursue activities and interests of their own choosing
education that focuses on the typical developmental patterns of children (age appropriateness) and the uniqueness of child (individual appropriateness)
Kubler-Ross' forth stage of dying, in which the dying person perceives the certainty of her or his death.
a grouping of people with similar occupational, educational, and economic characteristics
individuals of about the same age or maturity level
education of a child with special education needs full-time in the regular classroom
Holland's view that it is important to match an individual's personality with a specific career
a disability in which children consistently show one or more of the following characteristics: (1) inattention, (2) hyperactivity. and (3) impulsivity
a style that encourages children to be independent but still places limits and controls on child's actions; extensive verbal give-and-take is allowed, and parents are warm and nurt
a neurological definition of death- an individual experineces this when all electrical activity of the brain has ceased for a specified period of time
Kubler- Ross' third stage of dying, in which the dying person develops the hope that death can somehow be postponed
activities that are engaged in for pleasure and include rules
written statement that spells out a program tailored to a child with a disabilty
the emotional numbness, disbelief, separation anxiety, despair, sadness, and loneliness that accompany the loss of someone we love
the term increasingly used by developmentalists that refers to abuse and neglect, but also diverse conditions
behavior by infants to derive pleasure from exercising their sensorimotor schemes
play that involves repetition of behavior when new skills are being learned of when mastery and coordination of skills are required for games or sports
play that occurs when a child transforms the physical environment into a symbol
a style in which the parent is very uninvolved in their child's life
children who are infrequently nominated as best friend but are not disliked by their peers
kindergarten education that involves the whole child by considering both the child's physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development and the child's needs interests, and learni
socialization that is bidirectional in that children socialize parents just as parents socialize children
a model of coping with bereavement that emphasizes oscillation between two main dimensions: (1) loss-oriented stressors and (2) restoration-oriented stressors
a relatively mild autism spectrum disorder in which the child has relatively good verbal language, milder nonverbal language problems, and a restricted range of interests and relat
doing something for its own sake; involves factors such as self-determination and opportunites to make choices
an educational philosophy in which children are given considerable freedom and spontaneity in choosing activities and are allowed to move from one activity to another as they desir
the cognitive view individuals develop for themselves that either is fixed or involves growth
children who are frequently nominated both as someone's best friend and as being disliked
abuse characterized by infliction of physical injury as a result of punching, biting, burning, shaking, or otherwise harming a child
fondling the child's genitals, intercourse, incest, rape, sodomy, exhibitionism, and commercial exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials
failure to provide for the child's basic needs, including physical, educational, or emotional needs
prejudice against older people because of their age, especially prejudice against older adults
disabilities in which children experience difficulty in learning that involves understanding or using spoken or written language and also mathematics. can appear in many domains
doing something to obtain something else (the activity is a means to an end)
a setting that is as similar as possible to the one in which children who do not have a disability are educated
acts or omissions by parents or other caregivers that have caused, or could cause, serious behavioral, cognitive, or emotional problems
self-disclosure and sharing of private thoughts
the theory that, to cope effectively, older adults should gradually withdraw from society; this theory is no longer supported
a restrictive, punitive style in which parents exhort the child to follow their directions and to respect their work and effort. frim limits are placed on the child, and little ver
children who are frequently nominated as a best friend and are rarely disliked by their peers
therapy that lets children work off frustration while therapists analyze their conflicts and coping methods
a style in which parents are very involved with thier children but place few demands or controls on them
a learner-centered approach that emphasizes the individual's active, cognitive construction of knowledge and understanding with guidance from the teacher
concept that adults follow one trajectory and children another one; how these trajectories mesh is important for understanding the timing of entry into various family tasks
studies that compare aspects of two or more cultures. the comparison provides information about the degree to which development is similar, or universal, across the cultures, or is
emphasizing values that serve the group by subordinating personal goals to preserve group integrity, independence of members, and harmonious relationships
the tendency to consider one's own group superior to other groups
children who are infrequently nominated as a best friend and are actively disliked by their peers
compensatory education designed to provide children from low-income families the opportunity to acquire the skills and experiences important for school success
the support that parents provide one another in jointly raising a child
the theory that the more active and involved older adults are, the more likely they are to be satisfied with their lives
peer groups that are larger and less personal than cliques; members may or may not spend much time together. Many can be defined by their members' activities- for example, jocks, p
a teacher-centered approach characterized by teacher direction and control, high expectations for students' progress, and maximum time spent on academic tasks

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