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An organizational structure in which the parts treat distinct subsets of a topic.Example: a film about the United States is organized into 50 parts, each devoted to a state.
The shortening of plot duration achieved by omitting some story duration.
Simultaneous sound from a source assumed to be outside of what is visible onscreen (though it occurs within the space of the scene).
Lighting in which there is little contrast between light and dark areas.Shadows are brightened by fill light.
Shifting the focus from one plane to another during a shot.
A shot that continues for an unusually long period of time before the transition to the next shot.
In a narrative, the clear motivation of a series of cause and effect that progress without digressions or irrelevant actions.
Cutting between two or more lines of action that are occurring in different places simultaneously.
In the three-point lighting system, the brightest illumination coming into the scene.
A common arrangement using three directions of light on a scene.Back light, key light, and fill light.
Lighting coming from one side of the subject.
Maintaining continuous and clear narrative action, through matching screen direction, position, and temporal relations from shot to shot.
A shot in which the camera physically moves forward, back, or to the side.
The measurement of everything that is in focus in front of the lens.
A type of filmic organization in which the parts create and support an argument.
The sense of a sound's position in space, as represented through volume, timbre, and pitch.
An editing technique that emphasizes relationships between shots and images to create ideas not present in either shot by itself.Developed by the Soviet filmmakers of the 1920s.
When strips of film are scanned digitally, adjusted, and then scanned back to film.
The pole that suspends a microphone above a scene.
The world of the film's story. Everything that is presumed to have occurred, even when not shown onscreen.
In continuity editing, an imaginary line that passes through the main actors, which the camera cannot cross, in order to define and retain spacial relations.Also called the 180 degree line
Shot one shows a character staring off in a certain direction. Shot 2 shows what the character sees.
All events that have occurred, and that we infer to or assume to have occurred.
Diegetic sound that is represented as occurring at the same time in the story as the image it accompanies.
When close and distant planes are all in focus.Originally developed in 'Citizen Kane,' using lighting and lens techniques.
Any sound that is not represented as coming from the space and time of images on the screen.
Animation through a series of drawings, each on pieces of celluloid.
Adding sound to images after they have been shot and assembled.e.g. dubbing, diegetic music and sound effects.
A type of organization in which different images are juxtaposed to suggest similarities, contrasts, concepts, emotions, and expressive qualities.Common in experimental film, Reggio's 'Koyannisqatsi' or Conner's 'A Movie.'
The juxtaposition of a series of images to create an abstract idea not present in any one image.Lev Kuleshov, or Eisenstein
An extremely fast movement of the camera from side to side, causing the image to blur.Often an imperceptible cut will join two of these into a transition.
All the events that are directly presented to the viewer.
Resolving all lines of action within a narrative film.
Splicing two different views of the same action together, so it seems completely uninterrupted.
A form of single-frame animation in which three-dimensional objects are made to move in staccato bursts through the use of stop-action cinematography. Usually people.
Lighting in which there is strong contrast between light and dark areas.With deep shadows and little fill light.
The standardized shape of the film frame established by the AMPAS.1:85:1 (width is 1:85 times the height)
A machine that projects live-action frames one by one onto a drawing pad, as an animator traces the figures in each frame.
The right-left relationships in a scene, set up in an establishing shot and determined by the position of characters and objects in the frame, by the directions of movement, and ey
The six areas blocked from being visible on the screen.To each side and above and below the frame, behind the set, and behind the camera.
The sound from the end of the previous scene carries over into the beginning of the next scene.
Music, noise, and speech recorded while filming a scene.
Lighting that avoids harsh bright and dark areas, creating a gradual transition from highlights to shadows.
Sound that is not matched temporally with the movements occurring in the image, as when dialog and lip movements are out of synch.
Two shots joined as to create a strong similarity of compositional elements. e.g. color, shape
Depth cues, by showing objects that are in both the foreground and background.
Combining two or more images into one to create a special effect.Also called a composite shot.
Two or more shots edited together that alternate characters, often in a conversationOver-the-shoulder framings are common
In order to achieve clarity and consistent left-right spatial relations, the camera stays on one side of the action.
A shot that is far from the character - their entire length is shown.Typically an establishing shot.

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Created Apr 28, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:description, term, terminology

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