Science Quiz / Organelles

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Can you name the organelles?

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DescriptionOrganelle
coordinate protein synthesis, or translation; assemble amino acids into protein chains; consist of RNA and protein molecules
only found in plants and certain protists; contains green pigment chlorophyll; site of photosynthesis; contain grana; double-membrane-bound organelle
found mainly in plants and protists; liquid-filled cavities enclosed by a single membrane; serve as storage bins for food and waste products
stack of flattened, folded membranes; ribosomes are stored, chemically modified, and 'addressed'
'command central'; contains DNA; encodes information needed to make proteins; in eukaryotes, it is surrounded by a selectively-permeable envelope
important to organelles of motility; allow the cell to move; long whiplike structures; powered by molecular motors of kinesin and dynein molecules
important to organelles of motility; allow the cell to move; short hair-like projections; powered by molecular motors of kinesin and dynein molecules
membrane-bound organelles; contain digestive enzymes that break down proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids
network of tube-like membranes continuous with the nuclear envelope; rough and smooth varieties
not found in plants; paired organelles with 9 sets of microtubule triplets in cross section; organize spindle which moves chromosomes during mitosis
powerhouse of the cell; produce energy; inner membrane forms cristae which is suspended in matrix where DNA and ribosomes reside

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