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Can you name the Bio 1a Terms?

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HintAnswer
For each molecule of glucose, how many ATP are produced before the ETC?
When animals take in complex high energy molecules to maintain order and complex structure, what do they release?
For each molecule of glucose, how many NADH are produced before the ETC? How many FADH2?
What B-Vitamin is the precursor for Coenzyme A?
In the energy yielding phase of glycolysis, what is the final product and how many of it are made?
NADH enters the ETC at which protein complex?
For each glucose molecule, how many ATP are produced from FADH2 in respiration?
How many ATP are produced per FADH2 in cellular respiration?
After glycolysis, where is the end product (with carbon) transported into?
True or False: The Krebs cycle requires the production of NAD+ in the ETC
Pepsin has a pH optimum of ____, while trypsin has an optimum of ____
Who proposed the mechanism for the production of ATP using energy released by redox reactions of the ETC?
What metal is a common cofactor for carbonic anhydrase?
Which law of thermodynamics states that every energy transformation results in greater disorder in the universe?
In the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis, what is the name of the molecule in the reaction center that gets excited? Does this molecule become oxidizied or reduced?
There is a transfer of energy in the reaction between food and NAD+. Fill in the functional groups that change: ____ + NAD+ -> ____ + NADH + H+
Beta oxidation of fatty acids shorter than 24 carbons occurs in what organelle?
What is the name of the shuttle that is responsible for converting the 2 NADH made in glyolysis to 2 ATP?
In one round of beta oxidation on a fatty acid with 10 carbons, what two products are formed?
The number of carbons at the beginning of glycolysis is _____, while at the end it is ___. (in the substrate/product)
Starting from the electrons produced in the oxidation of water, there is a chain of movement described as A->proton gradient->B->reduction of C->D. What are A,B,C&D?
In fermentation, what is the beginning molecule?
By the end of the Krebs cycle, how many FADH2 are produced?
What is the name of the strong reducing compound in the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis? (deprotonated)
In the electron transport chain of cellular respiration, what molecule are electrons passed to?
Due to the design of the electron transport chain in photosynthesis, protons are pumped from the ____ into the _____
How many carbons does Citrate contain?
Chlorophyll a & b are identical except for one R group. Chl a has a ____ group whereas Chl b has a _____ group.
Cyanide is a poisin that irreversibly inhibits what enzyme?
Which part of the fat tends to enter cellular respiration at G3P?
By the end of the Krebs cycle, how many ATP are produced?
How many H+ are required by the enzyme in the ETC to produce 1 ATP?
The beta oxidation of fatty acids involves 2 sequential _____, followed by ____.
How many H+ are transferred per pair of e- from FADH2 in the ETC?
Name of enzyme that rearranges atoms
The transfer of e- from food in the ETC that is coupled to ATP synthesis is (exergonic/endergonic)?
What B-vitamin is the coenzyme for carboxylases?
Fill in the blanks: In the ETC, as protons move from a ____ concentration to a ____ concentration, _____ is synthesized from ____ and ______.
HintAnswer
Before the Krebs cycle, what is pyruvate converted to? How many of these are produced?
True or False: The production of ATP in the Krebs cycle is due to substrate level phosphorylation
Where does the Krebs cycle occur?
Is glycolysis aerobic or anaerobic?
In the glycerophosphate shuttle, electrons are passed from NADH->B->C->D->Complex #E. What do these letters stand for?
Which law of thermodynamics states that energy can change form but is not destroyed (energy in the universe is constant)
What B-vitamin is the precursor for NAD?
How many ATP are produced in the energy yielding phase of glycolysis?
In the intermediate step of cellular respiration how many NADH are gained? How many ATP?
What molecules are regenerated in the Calvin cycle?
How many total ATP are produced in cellular respiration for 1 molecule of glucose?
For each glucose molecule, how many ATP are produced from NADH in respiration (including NADH from glycolysis)?
What molecule allows the production of ATP in the Krebs cycle to use very little energy?
In cellular respiration, sugar is (oxidized/reduced) while O2 is (oxidized/reduced)
What B-vitamin is the precursor for FAD?
Where is the ETC located in the mitochondria?
In the ETC, ATP is produced by what process?
Cytochrome oxidase is located in which protein complex of the ETC?
What is the site of the light independent reactions of photosynthesis?
Beta oxidation of fatty acids longer than 24 carbons occurs in what organelle?
The production of CO2 from a hydroxyl group is catalyzed by what enzyme?
Mechanism combining glycolysis and a few extra steps to regenerate NAD+
Name of enzyme involved in ATP synthesis
How many steps are there in glycolysis?
Glycolysis is the (full/partial) oxidation of _____ to ______.
True or False: in animals, the inner mitochondrial membrane is permeable to NADH
How many Acetyl CoA are produced in the beta oxidation of a fatty acid with 10 carbons?
In what three types of animal cells does cellular respiration produce 2 extra ATP?
What enzyme catalyzes the last step of the electron transport chain in the mitochondria?
By the end of the Krebs cycle, how many NADH are produced?
In photosystem two, a chlorophyll loses electrons, but regains them later. What process gives this molecule new electrons?
The gradient of protons in the ETC of photosynthesis is coupled to what complex?
How many ATPs does the beta oxidation of fatty acids use?
What functional group on pyruvate must change before the Krebs Cycle?
Name of enzyme envolved in H2O2 (peroxide) synthesis
How many NADH are produced in one round of beta oxidation of fatty acids? Is this number the same as FADH2?
FADH2 enters the ETC at which protein complex?
What is the efficiency of cellular respiration? ____%
HintAnswer
In the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis, what kind of pigments absorb light energy in photosystems?
How many carbons does Acetyl CoA contain?
What is the term for ATP synthesis via coupling to an H+ gradient?
How many total energy carriers are produced in the beta oxidation of a fatty acid with 10 carbons?
Where does the light dependent phase of photosynthesis take place?
What terminal functional group in coenzyme A leads to the attachment of a fatty acid chain?
At the end of glycolysis, what is the net gain in ATP? What is the net gain in NADH?
In the Calvin Cycle, ______ is reduced to _____
Where does glycolysis occur?
To create oxaloacetate in the matrix of certain mitochondria, what type of membrane protein does malate enter through?
In the energy investment phase of glycolysis, how many ATP are used?
How many carbons are present in oxaloacetate? How many of these molecules are produced in the Krebs cycle?
What metal is at the center of the ring structure of Heme? What proteins in the ETC contain Heme?
Name of enzyme that catalyzes the decomposition of carbonic acid
What protein is the channel between complex one and two in the ETC of mitochondria?
In a balanced equation of the oxidation of water, _____ electrons and ____ H+ are produced.
In the energy investment phase of glycolysis, what is the name of the final product? How many of these are made?
Name of enzyme that cataluzes the hydrogen transfer in NAD+ -> NADH + H+
Name the products of the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis
What metal is a common cofactor for oxidases
What metal is a common cofactor for kinases?
The actual yield of cell respiration ~28-30 ATP per molecule of glucose. What might the proton gradient be doing instead of respiration?
Term for the binding of a substrate to one active site leading to a conformational change at other active sites--enhancing binding at the other sites
Which group is lower in free energy: hydroxyl or ketone?
Lactic acid fermentation and alcohol fermentation both produce what molecule?
How many NADH are produced in the energy yielding phase of glycolysis?
How many H+ are transferred per pair of e- from NADH in the ETC?
At what three points can amino acids enter cellular respiration?(list in the order that they normally happen during resp.)
In the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis, what photosystem ultimately leads to the donation of e- to an electron acceptor?
Fill in the blanks in the following statement: The ____ chlorophyll in the reaction center of PS _ is _____ by electrons that come from PS _.
The H+ gradient is coupled to ATP synthesis in the ETC by what enzyme?
What is the name of the mechanism by which ATP is generated in glycolysis?
If NADH from glycolysis takes the glycerophosphate shuttle, what is the cost of transport?
Where would the electron transport chain be located in prokaryotes?
In bacteria, a different kind of photosynthesis occurs. Fill in the blanks for the following bacterial photosynthetic equation: CO2 + 2 ____ -> CH2O + 2 ___ + H2O
Which part of the fat tends to enter cellular respiration at Acetyl CoA?
In what process of the Krebs cycle is water used? How many molecules are used?
How many ATP are produced per NADH in cellular respiration?

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