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Can you name the Bio 1a Terms?

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HintAnswer
Which law of thermodynamics states that every energy transformation results in greater disorder in the universe?
After glycolysis, where is the end product (with carbon) transported into?
In fermentation, what is the beginning molecule?
Name of enzyme envolved in H2O2 (peroxide) synthesis
Due to the design of the electron transport chain in photosynthesis, protons are pumped from the ____ into the _____
For each glucose molecule, how many ATP are produced from FADH2 in respiration?
What functional group on pyruvate must change before the Krebs Cycle?
The gradient of protons in the ETC of photosynthesis is coupled to what complex?
What is the term for ATP synthesis via coupling to an H+ gradient?
In a balanced equation of the oxidation of water, _____ electrons and ____ H+ are produced.
Glycolysis is the (full/partial) oxidation of _____ to ______.
What metal is a common cofactor for oxidases
What molecules are regenerated in the Calvin cycle?
If NADH from glycolysis takes the glycerophosphate shuttle, what is the cost of transport?
By the end of the Krebs cycle, how many ATP are produced?
Pepsin has a pH optimum of ____, while trypsin has an optimum of ____
True or False: in animals, the inner mitochondrial membrane is permeable to NADH
In the electron transport chain of cellular respiration, what molecule are electrons passed to?
How many steps are there in glycolysis?
At the end of glycolysis, what is the net gain in ATP? What is the net gain in NADH?
Mechanism combining glycolysis and a few extra steps to regenerate NAD+
For each molecule of glucose, how many NADH are produced before the ETC? How many FADH2?
Cytochrome oxidase is located in which protein complex of the ETC?
How many H+ are required by the enzyme in the ETC to produce 1 ATP?
When animals take in complex high energy molecules to maintain order and complex structure, what do they release?
By the end of the Krebs cycle, how many NADH are produced?
For each glucose molecule, how many ATP are produced from NADH in respiration (including NADH from glycolysis)?
At what three points can amino acids enter cellular respiration?(list in the order that they normally happen during resp.)
By the end of the Krebs cycle, how many FADH2 are produced?
The actual yield of cell respiration ~28-30 ATP per molecule of glucose. What might the proton gradient be doing instead of respiration?
Which law of thermodynamics states that energy can change form but is not destroyed (energy in the universe is constant)
What B-vitamin is the coenzyme for carboxylases?
How many H+ are transferred per pair of e- from FADH2 in the ETC?
How many total energy carriers are produced in the beta oxidation of a fatty acid with 10 carbons?
In one round of beta oxidation on a fatty acid with 10 carbons, what two products are formed?
In the energy yielding phase of glycolysis, what is the final product and how many of it are made?
True or False: The production of ATP in the Krebs cycle is due to substrate level phosphorylation
The production of CO2 from a hydroxyl group is catalyzed by what enzyme?
HintAnswer
There is a transfer of energy in the reaction between food and NAD+. Fill in the functional groups that change: ____ + NAD+ -> ____ + NADH + H+
FADH2 enters the ETC at which protein complex?
Where does the light dependent phase of photosynthesis take place?
What enzyme catalyzes the last step of the electron transport chain in the mitochondria?
Name of enzyme that cataluzes the hydrogen transfer in NAD+ -> NADH + H+
In the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis, what photosystem ultimately leads to the donation of e- to an electron acceptor?
Term for the binding of a substrate to one active site leading to a conformational change at other active sites--enhancing binding at the other sites
What metal is a common cofactor for carbonic anhydrase?
In photosystem two, a chlorophyll loses electrons, but regains them later. What process gives this molecule new electrons?
Where does glycolysis occur?
What B-vitamin is the precursor for FAD?
In the Calvin Cycle, ______ is reduced to _____
Which part of the fat tends to enter cellular respiration at Acetyl CoA?
Name the products of the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis
How many carbons does Acetyl CoA contain?
How many Acetyl CoA are produced in the beta oxidation of a fatty acid with 10 carbons?
What is the name of the mechanism by which ATP is generated in glycolysis?
In what process of the Krebs cycle is water used? How many molecules are used?
What is the site of the light independent reactions of photosynthesis?
True or False: The Krebs cycle requires the production of NAD+ in the ETC
Starting from the electrons produced in the oxidation of water, there is a chain of movement described as A->proton gradient->B->reduction of C->D. What are A,B,C&D?
In the energy investment phase of glycolysis, how many ATP are used?
In the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis, what is the name of the molecule in the reaction center that gets excited? Does this molecule become oxidizied or reduced?
Cyanide is a poisin that irreversibly inhibits what enzyme?
The transfer of e- from food in the ETC that is coupled to ATP synthesis is (exergonic/endergonic)?
What terminal functional group in coenzyme A leads to the attachment of a fatty acid chain?
How many ATP are produced per NADH in cellular respiration?
Name of enzyme involved in ATP synthesis
The beta oxidation of fatty acids involves 2 sequential _____, followed by ____.
How many ATP are produced per FADH2 in cellular respiration?
Name of enzyme that rearranges atoms
Which group is lower in free energy: hydroxyl or ketone?
Is glycolysis aerobic or anaerobic?
What metal is at the center of the ring structure of Heme? What proteins in the ETC contain Heme?
Lactic acid fermentation and alcohol fermentation both produce what molecule?
Chlorophyll a & b are identical except for one R group. Chl a has a ____ group whereas Chl b has a _____ group.
Where would the electron transport chain be located in prokaryotes?
Who proposed the mechanism for the production of ATP using energy released by redox reactions of the ETC?
HintAnswer
In bacteria, a different kind of photosynthesis occurs. Fill in the blanks for the following bacterial photosynthetic equation: CO2 + 2 ____ -> CH2O + 2 ___ + H2O
NADH enters the ETC at which protein complex?
The H+ gradient is coupled to ATP synthesis in the ETC by what enzyme?
What B-vitamin is the precursor for NAD?
To create oxaloacetate in the matrix of certain mitochondria, what type of membrane protein does malate enter through?
How many total ATP are produced in cellular respiration for 1 molecule of glucose?
What metal is a common cofactor for kinases?
How many ATPs does the beta oxidation of fatty acids use?
How many NADH are produced in one round of beta oxidation of fatty acids? Is this number the same as FADH2?
How many H+ are transferred per pair of e- from NADH in the ETC?
What molecule allows the production of ATP in the Krebs cycle to use very little energy?
How many ATP are produced in the energy yielding phase of glycolysis?
In the ETC, ATP is produced by what process?
Where does the Krebs cycle occur?
What B-Vitamin is the precursor for Coenzyme A?
What is the name of the shuttle that is responsible for converting the 2 NADH made in glyolysis to 2 ATP?
In what three types of animal cells does cellular respiration produce 2 extra ATP?
How many carbons does Citrate contain?
Fill in the blanks: In the ETC, as protons move from a ____ concentration to a ____ concentration, _____ is synthesized from ____ and ______.
Before the Krebs cycle, what is pyruvate converted to? How many of these are produced?
What is the efficiency of cellular respiration? ____%
Which part of the fat tends to enter cellular respiration at G3P?
In the energy investment phase of glycolysis, what is the name of the final product? How many of these are made?
Beta oxidation of fatty acids shorter than 24 carbons occurs in what organelle?
In the glycerophosphate shuttle, electrons are passed from NADH->B->C->D->Complex #E. What do these letters stand for?
In cellular respiration, sugar is (oxidized/reduced) while O2 is (oxidized/reduced)
Fill in the blanks in the following statement: The ____ chlorophyll in the reaction center of PS _ is _____ by electrons that come from PS _.
What protein is the channel between complex one and two in the ETC of mitochondria?
Name of enzyme that catalyzes the decomposition of carbonic acid
What is the name of the strong reducing compound in the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis? (deprotonated)
Beta oxidation of fatty acids longer than 24 carbons occurs in what organelle?
Where is the ETC located in the mitochondria?
How many carbons are present in oxaloacetate? How many of these molecules are produced in the Krebs cycle?
The number of carbons at the beginning of glycolysis is _____, while at the end it is ___. (in the substrate/product)
In the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis, what kind of pigments absorb light energy in photosystems?
In the intermediate step of cellular respiration how many NADH are gained? How many ATP?
For each molecule of glucose, how many ATP are produced before the ETC?
How many NADH are produced in the energy yielding phase of glycolysis?

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