Science Quiz / Bio 1a Quiz 2

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Can you name the Bio 1a terms?

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HintAnswer
The rough E.R. is the site of synthesis for multiple proteins. One of these is proteins in endomembrane organelles. Name the other two types:
Name of the anchor of eukaryotic cilia and flagella
Name of molecules that regulate the interaction between the cytoplasm and the nucleus
The smallest of the three fibers in the cytoskeleton
Site of rRNA synthesis
The detoxification reactions of peroxisomes add _____ to gain a toxic product of _____.
The cytoskeleton contains motor proteins, name them.
Characterization of the proteosome protein structure
Name the two most common types of vacuoles
Sections of chromosomes where nucleolus forms
Endosymbiotic theory says that the energy converting organelles resemble bacteria. Therefore, these organelles are sensitive to what two antibiotics?
True or False: membrane and extracellular proteins are degraded in the proteosome
Embedded protein in cell walls responsible for material movement
Cilia and flagella are made of what type of fiber X. Name fiber X, then fill in these blanks for their structure; ____ outer X doublets + ____ central X singlets
Name of person who first observed the cell
Bacterial flagella are _____ rods
True or False: porins can be found in the outer membrane of mitochondria
True or False: Myosin is associated with microfilaments
Bacterial flagella are embedded in a _____ protein
True or False: Prokaryotes do not have ribosomes
Fiber like section of the nucleus that give it its shape. The proteins in this area are ______-linked.
Programmed cell destruction is a function of what organelle?
Chloroplasts are descendent from what type of organism?
Cell walls of bacteria are embedded with structural ______-polysaccharides
Area of the cell where intracellular digestion occurs
Shape of chromosomes in eukaryotic cells
Shape of coccus
Products are shipped from the Rough ER to the golgi via ______ _______s
The largest of the three fibers in the cytoskeleton
A molecule commonly found on the outside of gram negative bactera that is mostly polysaccharide
HintAnswer
Intermediate fibers in the cytoskeleton are more permanent. What kind of subunits are they composed of?
Name of the process for recycling used or faulty parts of the cell. This happens in what organelle?
Area of the nucleus that contains genes for rRNA
Organelles that often story pigments and starches
Name of people who came up with cell theory
True or False: 'Chemical reactions maintaining life occur in cells' is a principle of cell theory
What part of the eukaryotic cell evolved to partition organelles, isolate biosynthesis and decomposition, and localize environment for chemical reactions?
Area of cell that stores Ca++
There is barely any fluid inside the nucleus, due to ____ _____s embedded in the phospholipid bilayers.
Certain organisms have few to no membrane bound organelles; what cells do they likely have?
Name of protein that makes up flagella in bacteria
Name of section of bacteria that contains chromosome
Chloroplasts/mitochondria possess how many DNA molecules, and in what shape? These molceules would be censored because they are _____
Shape of chromosomes in prokaryotic cells
Movement of cilia and flagella is due to what protein?
Plants have a large _____ ______ (organelle)
In animals, this is a web of glycoproteins, extracelullar proteins, and polysaccharides that is associated with the outer face of the plasma membrane
Formula for strucutre of MT organizing center = ____ triplets of fiber X + ____ fibers of X. Name the fiber X
Area of the cell where old or misfolded nuclear and cytosolic proteins are degraded
True or False: 'Cells arise from macromolecules' is a priniple of cell theory
Alpha-proteobacteria gave rise to what organelle?
True or False: plants contain centrioles
Microtubules are (hollow or solid) rods
What part of the cell contains the following enzymes; lipases, carbohydrases, proteases, nucleases? How would you classify these enzymes? What is the pH of this organelle?
Subunits of a microtubule
Secondary structure found in the porins in the outer membrane of gram negative bacteria
Number of phospholipid bilayers in gram negative bacteria
Name the six components of the endomembrane system (singular nouns in alphabetical order)
Wich came first: eubacteria or archae?
Name of molecule responsible for bacterial cell wall structure
HintAnswer
If the ____ of a cell gets too large, then there is not enough _____ to remove materials
Products that are shipped from the Rough ER fuse with the ____ face of the golgi
True or False: the cytosol is mostly hydrogen peroxide with enzymes
The cell wall of plants is made of a ____ matrix, whereas the cell wall of fungi is made of _____
Area of cell where carbohydrates are metabolized
If I want to send protein A to the mitochondria, I will put a tag on this protein in what part of the cell
Shape of bacillus
Site where ribosomal subunits are assembled
Protein the marks old or misfolded proteins for degradation
Area of the cell where lipids are synthesized
True or False: The extracellular matrix is produced inside the cell
How many chromosomes do prokaryotic cells have? Do they have a lot of proteins for packing?
The nucleus is surrounded by _____# of phospholipid bilayers. What is this area called?
Where are peroxisomes assembled?
Area of the cell that alters phospholipids
Microfilaments are (hollow or solid) rods
True or False: The cytosol contains the cytoplasm
Fill in the missing parts of the sequence of ribosome production; ribosome->ribosomal proteins->_______ (through protein pores)->subunits transported to ______->assembled
The flagella anchor is made of fiber X. Name the fiber, then fill in the following structural formula = _____ X triplets + ____ X
Which of the following is NOT something that all cells have: plasma membrane, genetic material, enzymes, nucleus, cytoplasm
Shape of spirillium
Area of the cell that detoxifies by adding -OH
Area of cell that oxidizes lipids
Area of the cell where membranes are produces
Area of the cell that modifies, stores, and ships synthesized proteins
Endosymbiotic theory says that the energy converting organelles resemble bacteria. What organelle did the bacteria contain that is now present in organelleception?
Area of the cell that organizes microtubules
True or False: 'Cells contain hereditary material' is a principle of cell theory

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