Science Quiz / Bio 1a Quiz 1

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Can you name the Bio 1a terms?

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Coenzymes are derivatives of what monomer?
What happens to the boiling point of a fat if its chain gets longer?
Name of the branched polymer of starch. What number linkage creates this branching?
Classify the linkages between monomers of linear starch molecules
Steroids have how many hydrocarbon rings?
Hormones tend to be what macromolecule?
True or False: containing DNA is an emergent property
What do we divide the nymber of possible diastereomers in a group of sugars by to attain the nymber of enantiomers?
Quaternary structure is due to interactions between what part of the polypeptides?
What type of interaction is responsible for primary structure? What about secondary structure?
Which form of glucose polymer (alpha or beta linked residues) can form hydrogen bonds between residues?
Name of monomer in chitin, number of linkage
Signaling molecules tend to be derivatives of what monomer?
Proteins that aid the folding of other proteins
At carbon 2, deoxyribose contains a _____ and ribose contains a _____.
Name of sugar with terminal carbonyl group
Prefix for 'on the same side'
In the fisher projection of galactose, the 4th carbon has a _____ group pointing to the _____
Name of linkage in lipid polymers
Gluose and galactose are what type of isomer?
Name of reaction for breaking polymers into monomers
The number of hydroxyl groups is one less than the number of _____ in a monosaccharide
What kind of interactions make _____ fatty acids solid?
To determine L vs D, we look at the _____ carbon _____ from the carbonyl group
To make N-acetylglucosamine, we replace the -OH with a ___ on carbon # ___ in glucose, which forms a ____ sugar. What atom do we then acetylate?
Classification of sugar in a nucleotide
In the formula X:Y omega Z, the Z represents the position of the ______ counting from the _____ end.
Water transport in trees is due to what property of water?
Reactions occur in what medium?
Name of bond between proteins that always removes the OH from the ____ group and the H from the ___ group
Sucrose is formed by what two monosaccharides. Classify the linkage between them
Random change in organism structure over geological time
True or False: glycogen has more branching than amylopectin
All proteins have what form(s) of structure?
The nitrogen base in a nucleotide is bonded to what carbon on the sugar?
What two groups react in the linear form of glucose to form a ring? What atom changes location?
The acidic group on amino acids is the
Another name for glucose is ____, another name for fructose is ____
In an L sugar, the ____ group is pointing to the _____
In the fisher projection of glucose, the 4th carbon has a _____ group pointing to the _____
Life evolved in what medium?
Which form of glucose (linear or ring) is more prevelant under physiological conditionss
Nitrogen base with double ring
Phospholipids have ____ fatty acid chains, as well as a ____ group and a ____ entity
6 carbon sugars have how many possible stereoisomers?
Do hydrolysis energies consume energy?
The ability of small animals to walk on water is due to what property of water
Maltose is formed by what two monosacharrides? Classify the linkage between them
Carbonyl in the middle of a chain
ATP is a derivative of what monomer?
Alpha/beta linkages make cellulose indigestable
Attraction between unlike molecules
Attraction between like molecules
Tertiary structure is formed by interactions between R groups. Name the 4 possible interactions that lead to this (type 'give up' to see order)
The bonding in secondary structure occurs between the ____ group of one AA and the ____ of another
DNA strands are held together by what type of interaction
Name of sugar with internal carbonyl group
Carbonyl at the end of a chain
Glucose and fructose are ____isomers
True or False: The fatty acids on the same glycerol must have identical degrees of saturation and linkages
Chemical formula of carboxyl group
The ____ carbon is the carbon with the carbonyl in the ____ form of glucose
Name of reaction that forms polymers out of monomers
Biological membranes are made of a ______ ______
True or False: Tertiary structure refers to the localized folding pattern in a protein
True or False: the linkages between monomers in starch can be classified as beta?
Enzymes tend to be derivatives of what monomer?
True or False: the native conformation of a protein is the lowest energy conformation (most of the time)
Name of phospholipid structure with NO water on the inside
Change in form or function over time that is systematic
Chemical formula of acetyl group
Name of the linear starch polymer. Made up of repeating units of ____
Do dehydration reactions require energy?
What is the heat of vaporization of water in calories/gram at room temperature
If we have N number of monomers and we ultimately want to make a polymer out of all of them, how many dehydration reactions must occur? (i.e. how many H2O are removed)
Direction associated with beta glucose.
Prefix for 'on opposite sides'
Steroids and other fats are predominantly ____
The sequence of amino acids in a protein leads to what structure?
True or False: the fats in plants tend to be unsaturated
Specific heat of water in calories/grams/degrees celcius
The basic group on amino acids is the _____
The number of carbons in simple sugars can range from
Alpha and Beta gluccose differ in the arrangement of what group on the ____ carbon in space?
Another name for triglyceride
The phosphate in a nucleotide is bonded to what carbon on the sugar?
Letters of the two nitrogen bases with two rings
In a D sugar, the ____ group is pointing to the ____
Name of phospholipid structure with water on the inside
In the formula X:Y omega Z, what do X, and Y represent?
Lowering the pH of a protein's environment can break what kind of bonds?
When asked to give a chemical formula for a polymer, DO NOT FORGET to remove a ______!!!!
Letters of the three nitrogen bases with one ring
True or False: Cellulose contains 1-4 glycosidic linkages
For every double bond in a ____ fatty acid, there are ____ less hydrogens than there would be in a single bond.
The conformational folding of proteins happens in what kind of solutions?
Give two reasons for fats being dense in energy
Chemial formula for a saturated fatty acid chain with x TOTAL carbons (including end of chain): C____, H____, O____
Evaporative cooling is due to what property of water
The number of carbonyl groups in monosaccarides
Chemical formulaa for glycerol _____. This molecule is considered a ____.
Water is a hella good solvent due to what property?
The ____ carbon in the ring form of glucose has how many oxygens bonded to it?
Direction associated with alpha glucose.
Nitrogen base with one ring.
The number of stereoisomers in a group is equal to 2^n where n is the number of ____
Name of linkage in polynucleotide
What kind of bond forms polymers

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