Science Quiz / Bio 1a Quiz 1

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Can you name the Bio 1a terms?

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HintAnswer
Name of the branched polymer of starch. What number linkage creates this branching?
Life evolved in what medium?
Tertiary structure is formed by interactions between R groups. Name the 4 possible interactions that lead to this (type 'give up' to see order)
Lowering the pH of a protein's environment can break what kind of bonds?
If we have N number of monomers and we ultimately want to make a polymer out of all of them, how many dehydration reactions must occur? (i.e. how many H2O are removed)
Do dehydration reactions require energy?
What do we divide the nymber of possible diastereomers in a group of sugars by to attain the nymber of enantiomers?
True or False: Cellulose contains 1-4 glycosidic linkages
The bonding in secondary structure occurs between the ____ group of one AA and the ____ of another
What is the heat of vaporization of water in calories/gram at room temperature
Name of reaction for breaking polymers into monomers
The ability of small animals to walk on water is due to what property of water
Another name for glucose is ____, another name for fructose is ____
Nitrogen base with one ring.
Evaporative cooling is due to what property of water
In the fisher projection of galactose, the 4th carbon has a _____ group pointing to the _____
Name of bond between proteins that always removes the OH from the ____ group and the H from the ___ group
Name of phospholipid structure with NO water on the inside
Do hydrolysis energies consume energy?
Alpha and Beta gluccose differ in the arrangement of what group on the ____ carbon in space?
Name of monomer in chitin, number of linkage
DNA strands are held together by what type of interaction
Name of the linear starch polymer. Made up of repeating units of ____
The acidic group on amino acids is the
True or False: glycogen has more branching than amylopectin
In a D sugar, the ____ group is pointing to the ____
What kind of bond forms polymers
In the formula X:Y omega Z, the Z represents the position of the ______ counting from the _____ end.
Name of linkage in lipid polymers
To make N-acetylglucosamine, we replace the -OH with a ___ on carbon # ___ in glucose, which forms a ____ sugar. What atom do we then acetylate?
Name of sugar with internal carbonyl group
Enzymes tend to be derivatives of what monomer?
In the fisher projection of glucose, the 4th carbon has a _____ group pointing to the _____
Steroids have how many hydrocarbon rings?
Letters of the two nitrogen bases with two rings
The sequence of amino acids in a protein leads to what structure?
HintAnswer
Change in form or function over time that is systematic
Sucrose is formed by what two monosaccharides. Classify the linkage between them
Prefix for 'on opposite sides'
To determine L vs D, we look at the _____ carbon _____ from the carbonyl group
Direction associated with alpha glucose.
Maltose is formed by what two monosacharrides? Classify the linkage between them
In the formula X:Y omega Z, what do X, and Y represent?
Classification of sugar in a nucleotide
Which form of glucose (linear or ring) is more prevelant under physiological conditionss
When asked to give a chemical formula for a polymer, DO NOT FORGET to remove a ______!!!!
True or False: the linkages between monomers in starch can be classified as beta?
ATP is a derivative of what monomer?
The ____ carbon is the carbon with the carbonyl in the ____ form of glucose
Nitrogen base with double ring
Reactions occur in what medium?
Which form of glucose polymer (alpha or beta linked residues) can form hydrogen bonds between residues?
What two groups react in the linear form of glucose to form a ring? What atom changes location?
Attraction between unlike molecules
The phosphate in a nucleotide is bonded to what carbon on the sugar?
Attraction between like molecules
Chemical formula of carboxyl group
What happens to the boiling point of a fat if its chain gets longer?
Signaling molecules tend to be derivatives of what monomer?
Direction associated with beta glucose.
True or False: the fats in plants tend to be unsaturated
The number of carbons in simple sugars can range from
Carbonyl in the middle of a chain
Water transport in trees is due to what property of water?
Letters of the three nitrogen bases with one ring
Carbonyl at the end of a chain
Name of linkage in polynucleotide
Water is a hella good solvent due to what property?
For every double bond in a ____ fatty acid, there are ____ less hydrogens than there would be in a single bond.
Another name for triglyceride
Give two reasons for fats being dense in energy
Name of phospholipid structure with water on the inside
HintAnswer
Specific heat of water in calories/grams/degrees celcius
Alpha/beta linkages make cellulose indigestable
Coenzymes are derivatives of what monomer?
True or False: Tertiary structure refers to the localized folding pattern in a protein
In an L sugar, the ____ group is pointing to the _____
Chemical formulaa for glycerol _____. This molecule is considered a ____.
Proteins that aid the folding of other proteins
The ____ carbon in the ring form of glucose has how many oxygens bonded to it?
Name of sugar with terminal carbonyl group
Quaternary structure is due to interactions between what part of the polypeptides?
All proteins have what form(s) of structure?
The basic group on amino acids is the _____
What kind of interactions make _____ fatty acids solid?
The number of carbonyl groups in monosaccarides
True or False: the native conformation of a protein is the lowest energy conformation (most of the time)
True or False: containing DNA is an emergent property
Chemial formula for a saturated fatty acid chain with x TOTAL carbons (including end of chain): C____, H____, O____
True or False: The fatty acids on the same glycerol must have identical degrees of saturation and linkages
What type of interaction is responsible for primary structure? What about secondary structure?
Glucose and fructose are ____isomers
Phospholipids have ____ fatty acid chains, as well as a ____ group and a ____ entity
Random change in organism structure over geological time
The conformational folding of proteins happens in what kind of solutions?
Gluose and galactose are what type of isomer?
Name of reaction that forms polymers out of monomers
Steroids and other fats are predominantly ____
The number of stereoisomers in a group is equal to 2^n where n is the number of ____
The nitrogen base in a nucleotide is bonded to what carbon on the sugar?
Classify the linkages between monomers of linear starch molecules
Prefix for 'on the same side'
Biological membranes are made of a ______ ______
Chemical formula of acetyl group
The number of hydroxyl groups is one less than the number of _____ in a monosaccharide
6 carbon sugars have how many possible stereoisomers?
At carbon 2, deoxyribose contains a _____ and ribose contains a _____.
Hormones tend to be what macromolecule?

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