Science Quiz / Bio 1a Quiz 1

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Can you name the Bio 1a terms?

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The number of hydroxyl groups is one less than the number of _____ in a monosaccharide
True or False: Cellulose contains 1-4 glycosidic linkages
The sequence of amino acids in a protein leads to what structure?
Nitrogen base with one ring.
Name of reaction that forms polymers out of monomers
Signaling molecules tend to be derivatives of what monomer?
Name of sugar with terminal carbonyl group
In the formula X:Y omega Z, the Z represents the position of the ______ counting from the _____ end.
Which form of glucose polymer (alpha or beta linked residues) can form hydrogen bonds between residues?
Alpha/beta linkages make cellulose indigestable
Do dehydration reactions require energy?
In an L sugar, the ____ group is pointing to the _____
Another name for triglyceride
Direction associated with beta glucose.
Sucrose is formed by what two monosaccharides. Classify the linkage between them
Alpha and Beta gluccose differ in the arrangement of what group on the ____ carbon in space?
Which form of glucose (linear or ring) is more prevelant under physiological conditionss
6 carbon sugars have how many possible stereoisomers?
Give two reasons for fats being dense in energy
The ____ carbon in the ring form of glucose has how many oxygens bonded to it?
Coenzymes are derivatives of what monomer?
The conformational folding of proteins happens in what kind of solutions?
Quaternary structure is due to interactions between what part of the polypeptides?
ATP is a derivative of what monomer?
Enzymes tend to be derivatives of what monomer?
Steroids have how many hydrocarbon rings?
True or False: the native conformation of a protein is the lowest energy conformation (most of the time)
What two groups react in the linear form of glucose to form a ring? What atom changes location?
Evaporative cooling is due to what property of water
Letters of the three nitrogen bases with one ring
Proteins that aid the folding of other proteins
The ability of small animals to walk on water is due to what property of water
Tertiary structure is formed by interactions between R groups. Name the 4 possible interactions that lead to this (type 'give up' to see order)
Name of phospholipid structure with water on the inside
Direction associated with alpha glucose.
Prefix for 'on opposite sides'
What is the heat of vaporization of water in calories/gram at room temperature
The acidic group on amino acids is the
Carbonyl at the end of a chain
True or False: the fats in plants tend to be unsaturated
Name of the linear starch polymer. Made up of repeating units of ____
Name of linkage in lipid polymers
True or False: Tertiary structure refers to the localized folding pattern in a protein
Classify the linkages between monomers of linear starch molecules
In a D sugar, the ____ group is pointing to the ____
To make N-acetylglucosamine, we replace the -OH with a ___ on carbon # ___ in glucose, which forms a ____ sugar. What atom do we then acetylate?
What do we divide the nymber of possible diastereomers in a group of sugars by to attain the nymber of enantiomers?
Letters of the two nitrogen bases with two rings
Name of bond between proteins that always removes the OH from the ____ group and the H from the ___ group
Another name for glucose is ____, another name for fructose is ____
Classification of sugar in a nucleotide
Name of monomer in chitin, number of linkage
The ____ carbon is the carbon with the carbonyl in the ____ form of glucose
What kind of bond forms polymers
The basic group on amino acids is the _____
Attraction between unlike molecules
Life evolved in what medium?
Glucose and fructose are ____isomers
Prefix for 'on the same side'
Attraction between like molecules
Biological membranes are made of a ______ ______
The number of stereoisomers in a group is equal to 2^n where n is the number of ____
The nitrogen base in a nucleotide is bonded to what carbon on the sugar?
When asked to give a chemical formula for a polymer, DO NOT FORGET to remove a ______!!!!
If we have N number of monomers and we ultimately want to make a polymer out of all of them, how many dehydration reactions must occur? (i.e. how many H2O are removed)
All proteins have what form(s) of structure?
DNA strands are held together by what type of interaction
What kind of interactions make _____ fatty acids solid?
Carbonyl in the middle of a chain
Chemical formula of acetyl group
Name of linkage in polynucleotide
Water transport in trees is due to what property of water?
Name of reaction for breaking polymers into monomers
Name of sugar with internal carbonyl group
True or False: containing DNA is an emergent property
Steroids and other fats are predominantly ____
At carbon 2, deoxyribose contains a _____ and ribose contains a _____.
Random change in organism structure over geological time
The number of carbons in simple sugars can range from
True or False: the linkages between monomers in starch can be classified as beta?
Change in form or function over time that is systematic
Chemical formula of carboxyl group
Hormones tend to be what macromolecule?
Name of the branched polymer of starch. What number linkage creates this branching?
The number of carbonyl groups in monosaccarides
The bonding in secondary structure occurs between the ____ group of one AA and the ____ of another
True or False: The fatty acids on the same glycerol must have identical degrees of saturation and linkages
What happens to the boiling point of a fat if its chain gets longer?
What type of interaction is responsible for primary structure? What about secondary structure?
Chemial formula for a saturated fatty acid chain with x TOTAL carbons (including end of chain): C____, H____, O____
Phospholipids have ____ fatty acid chains, as well as a ____ group and a ____ entity
For every double bond in a ____ fatty acid, there are ____ less hydrogens than there would be in a single bond.
Name of phospholipid structure with NO water on the inside
Do hydrolysis energies consume energy?
In the formula X:Y omega Z, what do X, and Y represent?
Gluose and galactose are what type of isomer?
Lowering the pH of a protein's environment can break what kind of bonds?
The phosphate in a nucleotide is bonded to what carbon on the sugar?
True or False: glycogen has more branching than amylopectin
Water is a hella good solvent due to what property?
Nitrogen base with double ring
In the fisher projection of galactose, the 4th carbon has a _____ group pointing to the _____
Specific heat of water in calories/grams/degrees celcius
In the fisher projection of glucose, the 4th carbon has a _____ group pointing to the _____
Maltose is formed by what two monosacharrides? Classify the linkage between them
Reactions occur in what medium?
Chemical formulaa for glycerol _____. This molecule is considered a ____.
To determine L vs D, we look at the _____ carbon _____ from the carbonyl group

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