Science Quiz / Bio 1a Quiz 1

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Can you name the Bio 1a terms?

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Name of phospholipid structure with NO water on the inside
Enzymes tend to be derivatives of what monomer?
Specific heat of water in calories/grams/degrees celcius
In a D sugar, the ____ group is pointing to the ____
Lowering the pH of a protein's environment can break what kind of bonds?
The bonding in secondary structure occurs between the ____ group of one AA and the ____ of another
Biological membranes are made of a ______ ______
True or False: containing DNA is an emergent property
Random change in organism structure over geological time
Prefix for 'on the same side'
Name of sugar with internal carbonyl group
Name of reaction that forms polymers out of monomers
Prefix for 'on opposite sides'
Name of monomer in chitin, number of linkage
Which form of glucose polymer (alpha or beta linked residues) can form hydrogen bonds between residues?
To make N-acetylglucosamine, we replace the -OH with a ___ on carbon # ___ in glucose, which forms a ____ sugar. What atom do we then acetylate?
Evaporative cooling is due to what property of water
True or False: glycogen has more branching than amylopectin
The basic group on amino acids is the _____
In an L sugar, the ____ group is pointing to the _____
What type of interaction is responsible for primary structure? What about secondary structure?
Another name for triglyceride
What kind of bond forms polymers
The acidic group on amino acids is the
Sucrose is formed by what two monosaccharides. Classify the linkage between them
Nitrogen base with one ring.
True or False: The fatty acids on the same glycerol must have identical degrees of saturation and linkages
Alpha/beta linkages make cellulose indigestable
True or False: Cellulose contains 1-4 glycosidic linkages
Do hydrolysis energies consume energy?
Glucose and fructose are ____isomers
ATP is a derivative of what monomer?
Steroids and other fats are predominantly ____
Chemical formula of acetyl group
The phosphate in a nucleotide is bonded to what carbon on the sugar?
Life evolved in what medium?
The sequence of amino acids in a protein leads to what structure?
The ____ carbon in the ring form of glucose has how many oxygens bonded to it?
Name of the linear starch polymer. Made up of repeating units of ____
Reactions occur in what medium?
Do dehydration reactions require energy?
The conformational folding of proteins happens in what kind of solutions?
Name of sugar with terminal carbonyl group
What two groups react in the linear form of glucose to form a ring? What atom changes location?
Classification of sugar in a nucleotide
Attraction between like molecules
Carbonyl in the middle of a chain
The number of hydroxyl groups is one less than the number of _____ in a monosaccharide
The ability of small animals to walk on water is due to what property of water
If we have N number of monomers and we ultimately want to make a polymer out of all of them, how many dehydration reactions must occur? (i.e. how many H2O are removed)
Attraction between unlike molecules
When asked to give a chemical formula for a polymer, DO NOT FORGET to remove a ______!!!!
Name of phospholipid structure with water on the inside
In the formula X:Y omega Z, the Z represents the position of the ______ counting from the _____ end.
What kind of interactions make _____ fatty acids solid?
Which form of glucose (linear or ring) is more prevelant under physiological conditionss
Tertiary structure is formed by interactions between R groups. Name the 4 possible interactions that lead to this (type 'give up' to see order)
Water transport in trees is due to what property of water?
Gluose and galactose are what type of isomer?
Coenzymes are derivatives of what monomer?
Maltose is formed by what two monosacharrides? Classify the linkage between them
Give two reasons for fats being dense in energy
Signaling molecules tend to be derivatives of what monomer?
All proteins have what form(s) of structure?
Chemical formulaa for glycerol _____. This molecule is considered a ____.
Direction associated with beta glucose.
The number of stereoisomers in a group is equal to 2^n where n is the number of ____
Name of linkage in lipid polymers
The number of carbonyl groups in monosaccarides
For every double bond in a ____ fatty acid, there are ____ less hydrogens than there would be in a single bond.
True or False: the fats in plants tend to be unsaturated
Phospholipids have ____ fatty acid chains, as well as a ____ group and a ____ entity
The nitrogen base in a nucleotide is bonded to what carbon on the sugar?
What do we divide the nymber of possible diastereomers in a group of sugars by to attain the nymber of enantiomers?
Nitrogen base with double ring
Name of bond between proteins that always removes the OH from the ____ group and the H from the ___ group
Letters of the three nitrogen bases with one ring
Letters of the two nitrogen bases with two rings
Name of reaction for breaking polymers into monomers
The number of carbons in simple sugars can range from
In the fisher projection of galactose, the 4th carbon has a _____ group pointing to the _____
True or False: Tertiary structure refers to the localized folding pattern in a protein
Name of linkage in polynucleotide
Name of the branched polymer of starch. What number linkage creates this branching?
Another name for glucose is ____, another name for fructose is ____
6 carbon sugars have how many possible stereoisomers?
Chemical formula of carboxyl group
Carbonyl at the end of a chain
To determine L vs D, we look at the _____ carbon _____ from the carbonyl group
Change in form or function over time that is systematic
In the formula X:Y omega Z, what do X, and Y represent?
Proteins that aid the folding of other proteins
Hormones tend to be what macromolecule?
Water is a hella good solvent due to what property?
True or False: the linkages between monomers in starch can be classified as beta?
Chemial formula for a saturated fatty acid chain with x TOTAL carbons (including end of chain): C____, H____, O____
Classify the linkages between monomers of linear starch molecules
Alpha and Beta gluccose differ in the arrangement of what group on the ____ carbon in space?
In the fisher projection of glucose, the 4th carbon has a _____ group pointing to the _____
What happens to the boiling point of a fat if its chain gets longer?
The ____ carbon is the carbon with the carbonyl in the ____ form of glucose
DNA strands are held together by what type of interaction
Steroids have how many hydrocarbon rings?
Quaternary structure is due to interactions between what part of the polypeptides?
At carbon 2, deoxyribose contains a _____ and ribose contains a _____.
What is the heat of vaporization of water in calories/gram at room temperature
Direction associated with alpha glucose.
True or False: the native conformation of a protein is the lowest energy conformation (most of the time)

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