Found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans; up to 200 tons and over 105 feet in length; produces vocalizations in excess of 180 decibels, making it the loudest animal on the planet.
Largest Land Animal
Lives in Africa; weighs 4.5–7.8 tons and is 13–16 ft in length; its tusks alone can weight 50-100 pounds
Tallest Land Animal
Lives in Africa; grows up to 19 feet tall and can weigh 2,800 pounds; primary food source is acacia leaves, which it consumes at heights most other herbivores cannot reach.
Lives in Indonesia; up to 330 pounds and 10 feet long; adults can consume up to 80% of their body weight in a single meal
Largest Coral Reef
Off the northeastern coast of Australia; Covers an area of 133,000 square miles and stretches along 1,429 miles; the largest structure on the planet that is made up of living organisms; visible from space.
Lives in Southern Ocean; can weigh over 1,000 pounds and is estimated to reach lengths of over 45 feet; has the largest eyes of any organism
Largest Tree (by volume)
Found in the Western Sierra Nevadas in California; can grow over 270 feet tall and over 30 feet in diameter; 'General Sherman' is 2,100 years old, and has the largest trunk on earth by volume.
Found in tropical rainforests of Sumatra and Borneo in the Malay Archipelago, can grow to 3 feet in diameter and weigh as much as 24 pounds; nicknamed for the dreadful odor it produces.
Largest Root System
In Fishlake National Forest, Utah; large stands of genetically identical trees interconnected by a shared root system; covers 106 acres and estimated to weigh 6,600 tons; age debated to be between 80,000 and 1,000,000 years old.
A single colony in Malheur National Forest in Oregon covers an area of 3.4 square miles; contains enzyme responsible for blue-green bioluminescent glow known as 'foxfire'