Sunni or Shia Facts

Can you name the form of Islam, Sunni or Shia, from the belief or characteristic?

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Characteristic/BeliefSunni (Su) or Shia (Sh)
About 80% - 85% of world Muslims
Accept Abu Bakr, friend of the Prophet & father of his wife Aisha, as successor to the Prophet
Accept Ali, the Prophet's cousin and son-in-law, as successor to the Prophet
Primary source of authority: their ayatollahs, experts in Islamic studies
Primary source of authority: the hadith (traditions) of the Prophet
Most hold the twelfth & final imam is hidden ('in occultation') & will reappear one day
Gave rise to the extremist puritanical sect Wahhabis
Sense of oppression has led to mourning ceremonies such as ashura, when followers flagellate themselves to commemorate Hussein’s death at Karbala
Name is Arabic for: 'a group or supportive party of people'
Also called 'People of the Household' (of the Prophet)
Name is Arabic for: 'one who follows the traditions of the Prophet'
The majority in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, and Azerbaijan
Majority in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Yemen, Pakistan, Indonesia, Türkiye, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
The Imams (not the local imam, but the eleven historic figures) are sinless by nature, and their authority is infallible as it comes directly from God
No basis in Islam for a hereditary privileged class of spiritual leaders
No basis for the veneration or intercession of saints
Venerate saints, make pilgrimages to their tombs & shrines in the hopes of divine intercession
Reject the traditions (hadith) from some of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad
Traditionally, since the state exists with the blessing of Allah (God), it has authority (political and religious, since the two are not distinguished)
Traditionally, denies that the state has any religious authority, but an imam with a following has authority (political and religious, since the two are not distinguished)

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