French-American mathematician, father of fractal geometry, oldest professor in history of Yale to receive tenure

First to use zero as a place older, created an accurate calander

German founder of topology, developed a non-orientable two-dimensional surface with only one side when embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space, descended on his

mother's side, from Martin Luther

'Founder of Analytic Trigonometry' linked complex numbers and trigonometry, and known for his work on the normal distribution and probability theory,

Huguenot exile in England

Inventor of logarithms, popularized the decimal point, used the Book of Revelation and the Sibylline Oracles to predict the end of the world in 1688 or 1700 (He was wrong!)

American mathematician, worked in game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations, most widely known for having 'A Beautiful Mind'

Hungarian-born American, principal member of Manhatten Project, developed game theory, helped develop high-speed computers as director of the Electronic Computer Project at

Princeton

English inventor of differential calculus and integral calculus, discoverer of the binomial theorem, described gravitation and three laws of motion

German cardinal and mathematician, taught that though a line and circle are different things, an infinitely large circle is the same as a line, compared this to God's attributes

such as justice and mercy, which also seem different on our level, but are identical in God

German Jewish mathematician known for her groundbreaking contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics, described by many, including Einstein as the most important

woman in the history of mathematics, was relieved of her post under Hitler

French Jansenist, inventor of the mechanical calculator, at age 16 wrote a treatise on Projective Geometry, used the notion of gambling to show the only reasonable course of

action was to live as if God existed

French, 'The Last Universalist,' first to discover a chaotic deterministic system laying the foundations of modern chaos theory, conjectured that every simply connected, closed

3-manifold is homeomorphic to the 3-sphere

Greek author of Almagest, Geocentric Universe, presented a physical realization of the universe as a set of nested spheres, spoke of the music of the spheres

Called irrational numbers 'alogi', made them a secret not to be revealed under pain of death, also taught the equality of women, and enrolled women among the 'mathematici', new

disciples listened to him teach from behind a curtain for 3 years

Indian, never graduated college, corresponded with G.H. Hardy, producing over 30 papers on pi, infinite series, prime and composite numbers, integers as the sum of squares,

function theory, and combinatorics

American seismologist devised the scale for measuring earthquakes, that bears his name

German who invented the elliptic form of non-Euclidean geometry, developed a theory of trigonometric series that are not Fourier series—a first step in generalized function

theory

Englishman who wrote The Principles of Mathematics and Principia Mathematica (latter with Alfred North Whitehead) through which he aided the development of mathematical logic

Born into Japanese warrior family, adopted by accountant, improved method of solving higher-degree equations, used determinants to solve simultaneous equations, developed a

17th century form of calculus known as yenri

One of the seven sages of ancient Greece, inventor of deductive mathematics, used geometry to predict an eclipse of the sun thus ending a battle between the Lydians and Medes

Purported pupil, wife, and successor of Pythagoras

English mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist, considered the father of computer science and AI, prosecuted for homosexuality and submitted to chemical

castration as an alternative to imprisonment, died by apparent suicide

Englishman who wrote A Treatise on Universal Algebra and collaborated with Bertrand Russell (whose doctoral dissertation he supervised) on Principia Mathematica

American developer of the mathematical theory of cybernetics, his collaboration with Soviet scientists raised suspicions during the Cold War, he eventually rejected all

government funding for military projects

British mathematician, Royal Society Research Professor at Oxford University, specializing in number theory, most famous for proving Fermat's Last Theorem

Known for his paradoxes, the first known use of reductio ad absurdum, arguing against the possibility of motion

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